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Valeant CEO Faces Hostile Congress, Regrets Drug Price Hikes

The outgoing CEO of embattled drugmaker Valeant Pharmaceuticals will tell lawmakers Wednesday that he was "too aggressive" and made mistakes in drastically hiking prices for several critical medicines, according to testimony provided ahead of a hearing.

J. Michael Pearson will issue the unusual mea culpa on Capitol Hill for the business strategy that made Valeant an industry powerhouse but also triggered a backlash against the Canadian drugmaker.

Image: Valeant Pharmaceuticals International Inc headquarters in Laval
The company logo of Valeant Pharmaceuticals International Inc is seen at its headquarters in Laval, Quebec in a May 19, 2015 file photo. Shares of Valeant Pharmaceuticals International Inc plunged 30 percent after a short-seller released a report accusing the company of fraud. Valeant has been under fire for its drug pricing practices, and last week disclosed that its pricing practices and patient assistance programs were under investigation by federal prosecutors in New York and Massachusetts. REUTERS/Christinne Muschi/Files CHRISTINNE MUSCHI / Reuters, file

"Let me state plainly that it was a mistake to pursue, and in hindsight I regret pursuing, transactions where a central premise was a planned increase in the prices of the medicines," Pearson states in the written testimony.

Related: Valeant CEO Takes Medical Leave

The comments come days before Pearson is to be replaced as Valeant CEO, and may not win much sympathy from members of the Senate Committee on Aging. The committee is investigating the dramatic price increases pushed by Valeant and several other drugmakers.

The committee is also scheduled to hear from William Ackman, a billionaire hedge fund manager who is one of Valeant's leading investors and a board member. Howard Schiller, Valeant's former chief financial officer and a current board member, is also scheduled to testify.

A longtime corporate consultant, Pearson took the reins at Valeant in 2008 and embarked on a spree of more than 140 acquisitions, buying up rights to older, niche drugs and repeatedly hiking prices. Pearson's approach -- which bypassed the huge research and development investments typically made by drugmakers -- seemed to offer a cheaper, more reliable business model and made him a favorite of Wall Street investors.

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He also pioneered the tax-dodging "inversion" technique later employed by other U.S. companies, merging with firms overseas to take advantage of their reduced tax rates.

But Valeant's tactics eventually attracted scrutiny.

The company caught the attention of Congress last year after buying two life-saving heart drugs, Nitropress and Isuprel, and hiking their prices, tripling one and raising the other six-fold.

Pearson says that Valeant decided to raise the prices after learning that cheaper generic versions of the drugs would soon hit the market.

"In retrospect, we relied too heavily on the industry practice of increasing the price of brand name drugs in the months before generic entry," he states in his testimony.

In recent months, Valeant has been swamped by a host of problems including three ongoing federal probes of its accounting and pricing practices, massive debt and the threat of default on agreements with creditors and bondholders.

The stock of Valeant Pharmaceuticals Inc. has lost more than 80 percent of its value in the past year.