updated 1/16/2006 12:27:34 AM ET 2006-01-16T05:27:34

Today is Monday, Jan. 16, the 16th day of 2006. There are 349 days left in the year. This is the Martin Luther King Jr. holiday.

Today’s Highlight in History:
One hundred years ago, on Jan. 16, 1906, Chicago department store founder Marshall Field died in New York City at age 71.

On this date:
In 1883, the U.S. Civil Service Commission was established.

In 1919, Nebraska, Wyoming and Missouri became the 36th, 37th and 38th states to ratify Prohibition, which went into effect a year later.

In 1920, Prohibition began in the United States as the 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution took effect. (It was later repealed by the 21st Amendment.)

In 1944, Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower took command of the Allied Invasion Force in London.

In 1964, the musical “Hello, Dolly!” opened on Broadway, beginning a run of 2,844 performances.

In 1967, Alan S. Boyd was sworn in as the first secretary of transportation.

In 1979, Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlevi departed Iran for Egypt; he never returned.

In 1981, in Northern Ireland, Protestant gunmen shot and wounded Irish nationalist leader Bernadette Devlin McAliskey and her husband.

In 1991, the White House announced the start of Operation Desert Storm to drive Iraqi forces out of Kuwait.

In 2003, the space shuttle Columbia blasted off with Israel’s first astronaut, Ilan Ramon. (The mission ended in tragedy Feb. 1, when the shuttle burned up during its return, killing all seven crew members.)

Ten years ago: Gunmen in Trabzon, Turkey, hijacked a Black Sea ferry with more than 200 people on board, and demanded that Russian troops stop fighting Chechen rebels in Pervomayskaya. (The hostages were released three days later.)

Five years ago: Confirmation hearings for Attorney General-designate John Ashcroft opened in Washington with Senate Democrats throwing jabs at him over abortion and civil rights. Laurent Kabila, president of the Democratic Republic of Congo, was killed in a shooting at his home. Dave Winfield and Kirby Puckett were elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame on their first try. Leonard Woodcock, former head of the United Auto Workers union, died in Ann Arbor, Mich., at age 89.

One year ago: The U.S. military freed 81 detainees in Afghanistan, ahead of the Muslim feast of Eid al-Adha. Acclaimed prison journalist Wilbert Rideau spent his first full day of freedom after being released from prison, where he’d spent nearly 44 years for the 1961 killing of Louisiana bank teller Julia Ferguson. Golden Globes were awarded to “The Aviator” as best drama and “Sideways” as best musical or comedy.

Today’s Birthdays: Author William Kennedy is 78. Author-editor Norman Podhoretz is 76. Opera singer Marilyn Horne is 72. Auto racer A.J. Foyt is 71. Singer Barbara Lynn is 64. Country singer Ronnie Milsap is 63. Country singer Jim Stafford is 62. Talk show host Dr. Laura Schlessinger is 59. Movie director John Carpenter is 58. Actress-dancer-choreographer Debbie Allen is 56. Singer Sade is 47. Rock musician Paul Webb (Talk Talk) is 44. Rhythm-and-blues singer Maxine Jones (En Vogue) is 40. Actor David Chokachi is 38. Actor Richard T. Jones is 34. Actress Josie Davis is 33. Model Kate Moss is 32. Rock musician Nick Valensi (The Strokes) is 25. Actress Yvonne Zima is 17.

Thought for Today: “Right or wrong, the customer is always right.” — Marshall Field, department store founder (1834-1906).

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