Image: A poster of the Dalai Lama
Vincent Yu  /  AP
A poster of the Dalai Lama is displayed at a news stand at the Mongolia's largest monastery, Gandantegcheling, in Ulan Bator, Mongolia, on Monday.
updated 8/21/2006 10:19:10 AM ET 2006-08-21T14:19:10

The Dalai Lama arrived in Mongolia late Monday, defying likely protests from China.

The Tibetan Buddhist leader arrived at 9:30 p.m. (9:30 a.m. ET) and was driven by motorcade to a secluded compound about 45 miles outside the capital city of Ulan Bator, where he will stay during his visit.

He is expected to hold several public lectures and meetings with Buddhist clergy in this landlocked state wedged between Russia and China.

Organizers of the visit have kept the Dalai Lama’s travel schedule under tight wraps in an attempt to avoid angering Beijing, which cut off rail links with Mongolia for two days in 2002 in apparent retaliation for his last visit.

There had been few outward signs of his impending arrival in Ulan Bator, Mongolia’s low-rise capital, now in the throes of a tourism and construction boom.

Keeping a low profile
The Mongolian government has not been openly involved in arranging the visit, and it wasn’t clear whether the Dalai Lama would be received by President Nambaryn Enkhbayar or other top leaders.

“The top-ranking lamas had a meeting and decided to keep the visit low profile so as not to annoy China,” said Bazargur, a high-ranking monk at Mongolia’s largest monastery, Gandantegcheling, the Dalai Lama’s host.

A few dozen signs welcoming the Dalai Lama along the main road from the airport were the only displays publicizing the visit. Media have been given little information about his plans, and the Dalai Lama and his delegation were expected to stay at a secluded government guest house outside the city.

‘A higher level’
Despite the understated welcome, Bazargur said Buddhists had high expectations for the Dalai Lama’s visit.

“Every time he comes, he boosts Mongolian Buddhism to a higher level,” Bazargur said. “We hope he will continue to bless us and help us overcome some of our problems,” he added, referring to factional struggles within the Mongolian Buddhist community.

China routinely calls on countries not to let the Dalai Lama visit, often hinting at possible diplomatic or commercial retaliation. Beijing has yet to issue a formal statement on this visit, but recent statements in Communist Party media have criticized such trips as an effort to rally anti-China forces and realize Tibetan independence.

The Dalai Lama was expected to hold a series of lectures for the public and Buddhist clergy.

At Gandantegcheling on Ulan Bator’s outskirts, monks practiced ceremonial processions by carrying flags, banging cymbals and blowing on 10-foot-long brass horns.

Monks arriving from around the country waited for further information, while outside, tourists and Mongolians fed pigeons and examined a recently added photo display of the Dalai Lama’s 2002 trip.

China’s earlier opposition
China responded to that earlier trip with angry verbal protests and suspended rail service with Mongolia for two days, cutting off trade and driving up the world price of copper, Mongolia’s main export.

Beijing claims to have ruled Tibet for centuries, though the country was effectively independent when communist troops arrived in 1950.

The Dalai Lama fled to India following an abortive 1959 uprising against Chinese rule. A recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, he travels widely as a speaker on religion and morality and a representative of Tibetan culture.

The Dalai Lama is widely revered in Mongolia, whose people have strong historical links to Tibet and have traditionally followed Tibet’s esoteric school of Buddhism.

Yet decades of communist rule that ended in the early 1990s nearly wiped out Buddhist institutions, and the religion’s hold on the young is tenuous. Mongolia’s open society has also allowed new competitors to Buddhism.

During the Dalai Lama’s planned weeklong trip, Ulan Bator will also host visits by Indian meditation guru Sri Sri Ravi Shankar and a Christian evangelist group.

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