Photos: Pope John Paul II's historic papacy

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  1. Pope John Paul II waves to the crowd during a visit to his Polish homeland in 1997. In his 26 years as pope, he nominated 483 saints, held more than 1,100 general audiences at the Vatican, issued 14 encyclicals on moral, religious and social issues, and traveled the world. Click for images, along with a timeline of the notable events in his life, before and during the papacy. (Wojtek Laski / Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  2. 1932

    Karol Wojtyla, seen here at age 12, was born on May 18, 1920, in the small southern Polish town of Wadowice, near Krakow. His father is a non-commissioned officer in the Polish army and his mother dies when he is eight years old. (AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  3. 1939

    With talk of war in the air, Karol Wojtyla, second from right, works with unidentified colleagues to build a military camp in western Ukraine that summer.
    1942 After the Nazi invasion, Wojtyla decides to become a priest but the Nazis had closed the seminaries so he studies secretly at the residence of the Krakow cardinal, working in a quarry by day.

    1946 Wojtyla is ordained at the age of 26 and goes to Rome for advanced studies. (Adam Gatty / Il Giornale via AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  4. 1967

    The late Pope Paul VI places the cardinal's hat on the head of Karol Wojtyla, declaring him a cardinal in 1967.

    1964 He is promoted to archbishop of Krakow. (AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  5. 1978

    Karol Wojtyja, now newly-elected Pope John Paul II, acknowledges cheers from pilgrims crowding Saint Peter's Square in his first appearance as pope on Oct. 16. He is the first non-Italian pope in 455 years, the 264th successor of St Peter and, at 58, the youngest pope for more than a century. (Massimo Sambucetti / AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  6. 1979

    Pope John Paul II gestures to the crowd at New York's Shea Stadium after his arrival Oct. 3, 1979. (AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  7. 1980

    Queen Elizabeth II and her husband Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh with Pope John Paul II during the royal tour of Italy, 1980. (Hulton Archive / Getty Images Contributor) Back to slideshow navigation
  8. 1981

    The hand of Mehmed Ali Agca, holding a pistol, left, aims from the crowd at Pope John Paul in St. Peter's Square on May 13. Moments later the pontiff is shot and seriously wounded. (AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  9. 1983

    Pope John Paul II talks to his would-be assassin, Mehmet Ali Agca, in his prison cell in Rome in Dec. 27. Agca is serving a life sentence for shooting the pontiff.

    1999 The pope says the teachings of Christ instructed him to forgive Agca. (Arturo Mari / Vatican via AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  10. 1987

    Pope John Paul II walks with President Ronald Reagan in the garden of the Vizcaya, a lavish mansion on Biscayne Bay, Miami, Sept. 10, 1987. (Scott Stewart / AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  11. 1987

    Pope John Paul II poses in San Francisco , Ca, with the Golden Gate Bridge in background, on Sept. 17, 1987. (Dave Tennenbaum / ASSOCIATED PRESS) Back to slideshow navigation
  12. 1989

    Pope John Paul II welcomes Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev to the first-ever meeting between a Kremlin chief and a pope at the Vatican Dec. 1. After the visit, the pope steps up the re-establishment of the Catholic Church throughout the East bloc, a move that parallels the crumbling of communist regimes across the region. (Massimo Sabucetti / AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  13. 1995

    Pope John Paul II and South African President Nelson Mandela talking at the Presidential guest house in Pretoria. (Gary Bernard / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  14. 1995

    Pope John Paul II prays during Mass at Camden Yards in Baltimore on Oct. 8. During his papacy, the pope travels the equivalent of 30 times the circumference of the earth, making more than 100 foreign trips and spending more than three years away from the Vatican. (Denis Paquin / AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  15. 1996

    Pope John Paul II during his vacation in Cadore, Val Comelico, Italy. (Pool / EPA) Back to slideshow navigation
  16. 1998

    Pope John Paul II, riding in the Popemobile, passes a painting of revolutionary hero Ernesto "Che" Guevara during a landmark visit to Cuba. He mixes criticism of communism with criticism of the U.S. embargo on Cuba. Cuban leader Fidel Castro says during the trip that he believes in God.

    1993 Symptoms of Parkinson’s disease begin to appear and the pontiff appears increasingly frail, but maintains a rigorous travel schedule. The pope’s left hand trembles and his facial muscles appear stiff during appearances. In later years, he becomes unable to walk and is carried in a special transporter from planes to his Popemobile. (Domenico Stinellis / AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  17. 1999

    Pope John Paul II is seen near the bronze Holy Door of St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican on Christmas Eve. Faltering at times, the frail pontiff walks through the door in a symbolic ceremony to mark the start of the church's third millennium.

    March 12, 2000 In an unprecedented public act of repentance, the pope delivers the most sweeping papal apology ever, repenting for the errors of the Roman Catholic Church over the previous 2,000 years. (Andrew Medichini / AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  18. 2000

    Pope John Paul rests his hand on the Western Wall in the Old City of Jerusalem on March 26. The trip is the culmination of one of the pontiff's lifetime ambitions and follows a historic, and sometimes tumultuous, dialogue with Jews.

    1986 The pope visits the Rome Synagogue in the first visit ever by a pontiff to a Jewish house of worship.

    1987 The pope grants an audience to Austrian President Kurt Waldheim, angering Jews who accused Waldheim of Nazi war crimes.

    1993 The Vatican and Israel forge full diplomatic ties, aimed at ending 2,000 years of distrust and hostility between Christians and Jews.

    1998 The Vatican apologizes for Catholics who failed to help Jews persecuted by the Nazis. (Jerome Delay / AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  19. 2001

    Pope John Paul II, left, embraces Argentine Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio on the day Bergoglio was elevated to cardinal in Vatican City. Bergoglio was elected pope on Wednesday, March 13, 2013, making him the first pope ever from the Americas. Bergoglio chose the name Pope Francis. (AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  20. 2002

    After a series of sex scandals involving priests and minors rocks the church in the United States, the pope summons a dozen American cardinals and two high-ranking bishops to the Vatican on April 23. Over two days the Americans, joined by the heads of the eight most senior Vatican departments, attempt to hammer out a process for defrocking any priest involved in the "predatory sexual abuse of minors." (Arturo Mari / Vatican via AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  21. 2002

    Pope John Paul II waves to an estimated 2.7 million people during a Mass in Krakow's Blonie meadow on Aug. 18. The pontiff uses his ninth trip home, which many feared would be his last, to address the plight of the poor and jobless in Poland as well as discuss his own mortality. (Vatican via Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  22. 2005

    Pope John Paul II gives a silent blessing from his studio window overlooking St. Peter's Square on March 30. A day later, the pontiff, after being hospitalized twice during the previous two months, develops a high fever. On April 1, a papal spokesman described the pope's condition as "very grave." A day later, the pope died. (Pier Paolo Cito / AP) Back to slideshow navigation
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updated 1/22/2007 11:09:28 AM ET 2007-01-22T16:09:28

The late Pope John Paul II seriously considered resigning in 2000 because of his poor health and also mulled changing church law so that popes would bow out at age 80 instead of ruling for life, his ex-secretary says in a new book.

The disclosures were contained in memoirs by Cardinal Stanislaw Dziwisz, the pope’s private secretary for nearly four decades.

In “A Life with Karol” to be released by Italy’s Rizzoli publishers on Wednesday, Dziwisz also writes he is convinced the Soviet Union was behind the 1981 assassination attempt on the Polish pope because he was a threat to its power.

Dziwisz recalled how Pope John Paul felt in the year 2000, when, with his health fading, he led the one billion-member Church into the new millennium.

‘He had to submit himself’
He says the pope called a meeting of his closest advisers, including then-Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, now Pope Benedict XVI.

“He came to the conclusion that he had to submit himself to God’s will, that is, to remain (in office) as long as God wanted,” Dziwisz writes.

John Paul, the former Cardinal Karol Wojtyla, “asked himself ... if even the pope should resign from the post at age 80,” the same age at which cardinals are no longer allowed to enter a conclave to elect a new pontiff.

Dziwisz also disclosed that as his health declined, John Paul set up “a specific procedure to hand in his resignation in case he would not be able to carry out his ministry as pope to the end.”

The words by Dziwisz, who was like a son to the pope, were the clearest statement yet that John Paul had indeed considered resigning as Parkinson’s disease and other ailments took their toll, affecting his speech and ability to walk.

The last pope to resign willingly was Celestine V, who stepped down in 1294. Gregory XII reluctantly abdicated in 1415 when more than one pope was reigning at the same time.

‘Kremlin hated the pope’
In another part of the book Dziwisz recalls May 13, 1981, the day Turkish gunman Mehmet Ali Agca shot the pope while his open jeep was being driven through St Peter’s Square at the start of a weekly general audience.

“Agca was a perfect killer,” writes Dziwisz, who was riding in the jeep with the pope at the time. “He was sent by those who thought the pope was dangerous, inconvenient, by those who feared him ...”

Moscow has repeatedly denied any involvement in the assassination attempt.

At the time of the shooting, events in the pope’s Polish homeland were starting a domino effect which was eventually to lead to the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe in 1989.

The pope was a staunch supporter of Poland’s Solidarity union and most historians agree he played a vital role in events that led to the fall of the Berlin Wall.

Allegations against the KGB
“How could one not have thought of the communist world (being behind the plot) ... you have to take into consideration all the elements of that scenario: the election of a pope hated by the Kremlin, his first trip back to his homeland (as pope in 1979), the explosion of the Solidarity union (in 1980).”

“Doesn’t everything lead in that direction? Don’t the paths, even if they are different, lead to the KGB?”

Last year, a report by an Italian parliamentary investigative commission said the leaders of the former Soviet Union were behind the plot and that Agca, a Turk now serving life in prison in his native country, did not act alone.

In a chapter called “The Last Hours,” Dziwisz recalls John Paul’s final moments of life on April 2, 2005, at the end of a 10-year battle with a host of ailments.

“It was 9:27 p.m. We noticed that the Holy Father stopped breathing ... some people stopped the hands of their watches at that hour.”

Copyright 2012 Thomson Reuters. Click for restrictions.

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