updated 5/22/2006 12:00:20 AM ET 2006-05-22T04:00:20

Today is Monday, May 22, the 142nd day of 2006. There are 223 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:
On May 22, 1868, the “Great Train Robbery” took place near Marshfield, Ind., as seven members of the Reno gang made off with $96,000 in loot.

On this date:
In 1761, the first life insurance policy in the United States was issued, in Philadelphia.

In 1813, composer Richard Wagner was born in Leipzig, Germany.

In 1819, the first steam-propelled vessel to attempt a trans-Atlantic crossing, the Savannah, departed from Savannah, Ga. (It arrived in Liverpool, England, on June 20.)

In 1939, Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini signed a “Pact of Steel” committing Germany and Italy to a military alliance.

In 1947, the “Truman Doctrine” was enacted as Congress appropriated military and economic aid for Greece and Turkey.

In 1969, the lunar module of Apollo 10 flew to within nine miles of the moon’s surface in a dress rehearsal for the first lunar landing.

In 1972, President Nixon began a visit to the Soviet Union, during which he and Kremlin leaders signed the SALT I arms limitation treaty.

In 1972, the island nation of Ceylon became the republic of Sri Lanka.

In 1979, Canadians voted in parliamentary elections that put the Progressive Conservatives in power, ending the 11-year tenure of Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau.

In 1992, after a reign lasting nearly 30 years, Johnny Carson hosted NBC’s “Tonight Show” for the last time.

Ten years ago: President Clinton counterattacked against Republican criticism of his foreign policy during a commencement address at the U.S. Coast Guard Academy in New London, Conn.; the president then traveled to New York where he was cheered by sailors from four nations aboard the USS Intrepid.

Five years ago: Ford Motor Co. said it planned to spend more than $2 billion to replace up to 13 million Firestone tires on its vehicles because of safety concerns.

One year ago: First Lady Laura Bush was heckled by protesters during a visit to holy sites in Jerusalem. Three Romanian journalists and their Iraqi-American guide were freed after nearly two months in captivity in Iraq. Voice actor Thurl Ravenscroft, who supplied Tony the Tiger’s “They’re grrrrreeeat!” for more than 50 years, died in Fullerton, Calif., at age 91.

Today’s Birthdays: Movie reviewer Judith Crist is 84. Singer Charles Aznavour is 82. Actor Michael Constantine is 79. Conductor Peter Nero is 72. Actor-director Richard Benjamin is 68. Actor Frank Converse is 68. Actor Michael Sarrazin is 66. Former CNN anchor Bernard Shaw is 66. Actress Barbara Parkins is 64. Songwriter Bernie Taupin is 56. Actor-producer Al Corley is 50. Singer Morrissey is 47. Actress Ann Cusack is 45. Country musician Dana Williams (Diamond Rio) is 45. Rock musician Jesse Valenzuela is 44. Rhythm-and-blues singer Johnny Gill (New Edition) is 40. Rock musician Dan Roberts (Crash Test Dummies) is 39. Model Naomi Campbell is 36. Actress Anna Belknap is 34. Actress Alison Eastwood is 34. Singer Donell Jones is 33. Actress A.J. Langer is 32.

Thought for Today: “Tact is, after all, a kind of mind-reading.” — Sarah Orne Jewett, American author (1849-1909).

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