updated 8/23/2006 1:00:18 PM ET 2006-08-23T17:00:18

About one of five female cadets at The Citadel last spring reported that she had been sexually assaulted since enrolling at the formerly all-male military college, according to a survey released by the school Wednesday.

Nineteen male cadets, or about one in 25 of the men surveyed, also reported being sexually assaulted since joining The Citadel.

The survey, first reported in The Post and Courier, comes a decade after the first class of four female cadets walked onto campus at the state-supported college. Last year, there were 118 women and 1,770 men in the school's corps of cadets.

All of the women and about 30 percent of the men were asked to complete the anonymous online survey regarding sexual assaults and sexual harassment, Citadel spokeswoman Charlene Gunnells said. Of those, 114 women and 487 men responded to the inquiry, which is being used to determine how well the school is assimilating female cadets into the corps.

Most of the incidents involving women happened in the barracks or elsewhere on campus and the perpetrator was another cadet, the survey said.

The survey also found that 68 percent of female cadets and 17 percent of male cadets said they were sexually harassed while attending the South Carolina institution, according to The Post and Courier.

Sexual stories, jokes and references to cadets' bodies or sexual activities were among the most cited forms of harassment.

More cases of both sexual assault and harassment were reported by Citadel cadets than by their counterparts at the three federal service academies, according to the paper.

'Not good enough'
The survey was initiated by The Citadel's president, Lt. Gen. John Rosa, according to The Post and Courier.

Rosa took office in January, when the institution was facing a lot of sexual assault reports, and was determined to bring about reforms, the paper said.

While reports of assault were more common at The Citadel than at the Air Force Academy, the Naval Academy, or West Point — which all took the same survey in 2004 — Rosa said he was not surprised by the results, and that they were not far off national levels.

"Generally I would say that we're in line with what's happening in society and that's not good enough for us," he told The Post and Courier.

The newspaper noted that according to a 2000 U.S. Department of Justice report, "The Sexual Victimization of College Women," as many as 20 percent to 25 percent of college women could be raped or experience an attempted rape while in college.

Earlier in August, Rosa unveiled a Values and Respect Program intended to teach students about sexual assault and harassment, drug abuse, and the honor code.

"If we had young people that treated each other with respect and respected themselves, many of the issues we're dealing with, we wouldn't be dealing with," Rosa told the paper.

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