updated 9/24/2006 12:03:49 AM ET 2006-09-24T04:03:49

Today is Sunday, Sept. 24, the 267th day of 2006. There are 98 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:
On Sept. 24, 1789, Congress passed the First Judiciary Act, which provided for an Attorney General and a Supreme Court.

On this date:
In 1869, thousands of businessmen were ruined in a Wall Street panic known as “Black Friday” after financiers Jay Gould and James Fisk attempted to corner the gold market.

In 1896, author F. Scott Fitzgerald was born in St. Paul, Minn.

In 1929, Lt. James H. Doolittle guided a Consolidated NY2 Biplane over Mitchel Field in New York in the first all-instrument flight.

In 1948, Mildred Gillars, accused of being Nazi wartime radio propagandist “Axis Sally,” pleaded innocent in Washington to charges of treason. (Gillars, later convicted, ended up serving 12 years in prison.)

In 1955, President Eisenhower suffered a heart attack while on vacation in Denver.

In 1960, the USS Enterprise, the first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, was launched at Newport News, Va.

In 1963, the U.S. Senate ratified a treaty with Britain and the Soviet Union limiting nuclear testing.

In 1969, the trial of the Chicago 8 (later seven) began. (Five of the defendants were convicted of crossing state lines to incite riots at the 1968 Democratic national convention, but the convictions were ultimately overturned.)

In 1976, newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst was sentenced to seven years in prison for her part in a 1974 bank robbery. (She was released after 22 months after receiving clemency from President Carter.)

In 1991, children’s author Theodor Seuss Geisel, better known as Dr. Seuss, died in La Jolla, Calif., at age 87.

Ten years ago: The United States, represented by President Clinton, and the world’s other major nuclear powers signed a treaty to end all testing and development of nuclear weapons.

Five years ago: President Bush ordered a freeze on the assets of 27 people and organizations with suspected links to terrorism, including Islamic militant Osama bin Laden, and urged other nations to do likewise.

One year ago: Hurricane Rita struck eastern Texas and the Louisiana coast, causing more flooding in New Orleans. Crowds opposed to the war in Iraq surged past the White House, staging the largest anti-war protest in the nation’s capital since the U.S. invasion. Vice President Dick Cheney had surgery to repair aneurysms on the back of both knees.

Today’s Birthdays: Actor-singer Herb Jeffries is 95. ABC sportscaster Jim McKay is 85. Actress Sheila MacRae is 82. Singer Barbara Allbut (The Angels) is 66. Singer Phyllis “Jiggs” Allbut (The Angels) is 64. Singer Gerry Marsden (Gerry and the Pacemakers) is 64. Actor Gordon Clapp is 58. Former U.S. Rep. Joseph Kennedy II, D-Mass., is 54. Actor Kevin Sorbo is 48. Rhythm-and-blues singer Cedric Dent (Take 6) is 44. Actress-writer Nia Vardalos is 44. Country musician Marty Mitchell is 37. Actress Megan Ward is 37. Singer-musician Marty Cintron (No Mercy) is 35. Actor Kyle Sullivan is 18.

Thought for Today: “Public opinion is stronger than the legislature, and nearly as strong as the Ten Commandments.” — Charles Dudley Warner, American author and editor (1829-1900).

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