updated 10/2/2006 12:09:27 AM ET 2006-10-02T04:09:27

Today’s Highlight in History:

On Oct. 2, 1967, Thurgood Marshall was sworn in as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court; he was the first black appointed to the nation’s highest court.

On this date:

In 1780, British spy John Andre was hanged in Tappan, N.Y.

In 1835, the first battle of the Texas Revolution took place as American settlers defeated a Mexican cavalry near the Guadalupe River.

In 1919, President Wilson suffered a stroke that left him partially paralyzed.

In 1941, during World War II, German armies began an all-out drive against Moscow.

In 1944, Nazi troops crushed the 2-month-old Warsaw Uprising, during which a quarter of a million people were killed.

In 1950, the comic strip “Peanuts,” created by Charles M. Schulz, was first published in nine newspapers.

In 1958, the former French colony of Guinea in West Africa proclaimed its independence.

In 1975, President Ford welcomed Japan’s Emperor Hirohito to the United States.

In 1985, actor Rock Hudson died at his home in Beverly Hills, Calif., at age 59 after battling AIDS.

In 1986, the Senate joined the House in voting to override President Reagan’s veto of stiff economic sanctions against South Africa.

Ten years ago: Mark Fuhrman was given three years’ probation and fined $200 after pleading no contest to perjury for denying at O.J. Simpson’s criminal trial that he’d used a certain racial slur in the past decade. An AeroPeru Boeing 757 crashed into the Pacific Ocean, killing all 61 passengers and nine crew members on board.

Five years ago: NATO Secretary-General Lord Robertson said the United States had provided “clear and conclusive” evidence of Osama bin Laden’s involvement in the attacks on New York and Washington. Acting Massachusetts Gov. Jane Swift unveiled security measures that included a new security chief at Logan International Airport, where hijackers boarded the two planes that smashed into the World Trade Center.

One year ago: A tour boat capsized on New York’s Lake George, killing 20 elderly passengers. Playwright August Wilson died in Seattle at age 60. Actor-comedian Nipsey Russell died in New York at age 80.

Today’s Birthdays: Country singer-musician Leon Rausch (Bob Wills and the Texas Playboys) is 79. Former Dodgers shortstop Maury Wills is 74. Movie critic Rex Reed is 68. Singer-songwriter Don McLean is 61. Cajun/country singer Jo-el Sonnier is 60. Actor Avery Brooks is 58. Photographer Annie Leibovitz is 57. Rock musician Mike Rutherford (Genesis, Mike & the Mechanics) is 56. Singer-actor Sting is 55. Actress Lorraine Bracco is 52. Country musician Greg Jennings (Restless Heart) is 52. Rock singer Phil Oakey (The Human League) is 51. Rhythm-and-blues singer Freddie Jackson is 48. Singer-producer Robbie Nevil is 48. Rock musician Bud Gaugh (Sublime) is 39. Folk-country singer Gillian Welch is 39. Country singer Kelly Willis is 38. Rhythm-and-blues singer Dion Allen (Az Yet) is 36. Actress-talk show host Kelly Ripa is 36. Singer Tiffany is 35. Rock singer Lene Nystrom is 33. Rhythm-and-blues singer LaTocha Scott (Xscape) is 33. Actor Efren Ramirez is 23.

Thought for Today: “There’s one way to find out if a man is honest — ask him. If he says ’yes,’ you know he is crooked.” — Groucho Marx (1890-1977).

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