updated 10/30/2006 12:02:21 AM ET 2006-10-30T05:02:21

Today’s Highlight in History:

On Oct. 30, 1938, the radio play “The War of the Worlds,” starring Orson Welles, aired on CBS. (The live drama, which employed fake news reports, panicked some listeners who thought its portrayal of a Martian invasion was real.)

On this date:

In 1735, the second president of the United States, John Adams, was born in Braintree, Mass.

In 1944, the Martha Graham ballet “Appalachian Spring,” with music by Aaron Copland, premiered at the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C., with Graham in a leading role.

In 1945, the U.S. government announced the end of shoe rationing.

In 1953, Gen. George C. Marshall was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Dr. Albert Schweitzer received the Peace Prize for 1952.

In 1961, the Soviet Union tested a hydrogen bomb, the “Tsar Bomba,” with a force estimated at about 50 megatons.

In 1961, the Soviet Party Congress unanimously approved a resolution ordering the removal of Josef Stalin’s body from Lenin’s tomb.

In 1975, the New York Daily News ran the headline “Ford to City: Drop Dead” a day after President Ford said he would veto any proposed federal bailout of New York City.

In 1979, President Carter announced his choice of federal appeals judge Shirley Hufstedler to head the newly created Department of Education.

In 1985, the launch of the space shuttle Challenger was witnessed by schoolteacher-astronaut Christa McAuliffe, who died when the spacecraft exploded after liftoff in January 1986.

In 1995, by a razor-thin vote of 50.6 percent to 49.4 percent, Federalists prevailed over separatists in Quebec in a secession referendum.

Ten years ago: After a four-hour trial, a Chinese court sentenced pro-democracy activist Wang Dan to 11 years in prison for “conspiring to subvert the Chinese government.” (Wang was freed in April 1998 and sent into exile in the United States.)

Five years ago: Ford Motor Co. chairman William Clay Ford Jr. took over as chief executive after the ouster of Jacques Nasser. NASA’s 2001 Mars Odyssey snapped its first picture of Mars, one week after the spacecraft safely arrived in orbit around the Red Planet. Ukraine destroyed its last nuclear missile silo, fulfilling a pledge to give up the vast nuclear arsenal it had inherited after the breakup of the former Soviet Union. The New York Yankees won Game 3 of the World Series 2-1 cutting the Arizona Diamondbacks’ lead to 2-1.

One year ago: The body of Rosa Parks arrived at the U.S. Capitol, where the civil rights pioneer became the first woman to lie in honor in the Rotunda; President Bush and congressional leaders paused to lay wreaths by her casket. Baseball Hall of Fame catcher and manager Al Lopez died in Tampa, Fla., at age 97.

Today’s Birthdays: Actor Dick Gautier is 69. Movie director Claude Lelouch is 69. Rock singer Grace Slick is 67. Songwriter Eddie Holland is 67. Actor Ed Lauter is 66. Rhythm-and-blues singer Otis Williams (The Temptations) is 65. Actor Henry Winkler is 61. Rock musician Chris Slade (Asia) is 60. Musician Timothy B. Schmit (The Eagles) is 59. Actor Harry Hamlin is 55. Actor Charles Martin Smith is 53. Country singer T. Graham Brown is 52. Actor Kevin Pollak is 49. Rock singer-musician Gavin Rossdale (Bush) is 39. Comedian Ben Bailey is 36. Actress Nia Long is 36. Country singer Kassidy Osborn (SHeDAISY) is 30. Actor Gael Garcia Bernal is 28. Actor Tequan Richmond (“Everybody Hates Chris”) is 14.

Thought for Today: “Cuando amor no es locura, no es amor.” (When love is not madness, it is not love.) — Pedro Calderon de la Barca, Spanish dramatist (1600-1681).

© 2013 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

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