Image: Isabel Peron
Sergio Perez  /  Reuters file
Former President Isabel Peron, seen in 1997, ruled Argentina from 1974 to 1976.
updated 1/16/2007 1:02:29 PM ET 2007-01-16T18:02:29

A judge on Tuesday issued a second indictment and arrest warrant against former President Isabel Peron for killings committed by a feared right-wing death squad during her 1974-76 rule.

Judge Norberto Oyarbide issued the international warrant arrest of Peron, 75, for killings committed by the so-called Anti-communist Argentine Alliance, or Triple A, a shadowy paramilitary group, a court official said speaking on condition of anonymity because of court rules.

Oyarbide must now request Peron's extradition from Spain, where she has lived for several years.

Last Thursday, Judge Raul Acosta issued another warrant for the arrest of Peron for the disappearance of a member of the Peronist Party in the province of Mendoza in February 1976.

The former president, whose full name is Maria Estela Martinez, led a brief, chaotic government after the death of her husband, Gen. Juan Domingo Peron.

Detained on Friday
She was briefly detained and questioned by Spanish police on Friday and allowed to remain free while fighting extradition.

Her government was toppled in 1976 by the military, which ruled for seven years in a dictatorship that killed thousands of people, some of them kidnapped and never seen again, during a "dirty war" against suspected subversives.

Many human rights activists say the violence in the dirty war actually began under Peron, who in October 1975 issued decrees calling on the armed forces to "annihilate" people deemed to be "subversive elements."

Testifying as a witness in a 1997 Spanish case, she said she recalled approving the decrees but didn't remember details and was unaware of any abuses during her presidency.

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