Image: Nose cone repair
George Shelton  /  NASA
On an upper level of High Bay 1 in NASA's Vehicle Assembly Building, technicians move protective material toward the nose cone (foreground) of Atlantis' external tank. The nose cone will undergo repair for hail damage.
updated 3/22/2007 11:50:42 AM ET 2007-03-22T15:50:42

NASA managers won't decide until April when to reschedule a space shuttle mission that was postponed after hail damaged the craft, officials said.

As a result, Atlantis' launch won't occur until mid-May at the earliest.

The mission to the international space station was originally scheduled to begin last week, but that timetable went by the wayside last month when golfball-sized hail left thousands of dings on the foam insulation on Atlantis' fuel tank as it sat on the launch pad.

NASA's associate administrator for space operations, Bill Gerstenmaier, said postponing a decision on when to reschedule the launch will give technicians more time to assess the damage. "We can get some more analysis done; then we will have enough data to make a good decision," he said.

Managers will likely wait until April 10 before deciding whether to use the current tank or swap it with another tank, Gerstenmaier said.

"If it becomes uncertain that we can make this tank a good tank, then we will swap to a new one," said Wayne Hale, space shuttle program manager. "The whole goal is to have a good tank."

If the current tank is used, NASA might be able to "squeak into" the latter part of a launch window that closes on May 21, Hale said. If another tank is required, that would push the launch date back to June 8 or later. Between those dates, the angle of the sun is unfavorable for generating the power required when the shuttle is docked to the space station.

Rolled back to hangar
After last month's hailstorm, the space shuttle was rolled off the launch pad and sent back for repairs to the Vehicle Assembly Building. Technicians have spent two weeks erecting scaffolding around the external tank and sanding down some parts of the foam insulation.

The fuel tank has about 2,500 dings, of which 1,600 may need to be filled with new foam. Technicians can sand down some of the other dings — an easier repair.

Meanwhile, technicians at Lockheed Martin's Michoud Assembly Facility in Lousiana, where the shuttle's fuel tanks are manufactured, want time to practice applying foam on a mock-up of its nose cone before they apply it in Florida to the real tank. They also want to test it to make sure the new foam can withstand heat from the launch.

Focusing on foam
The foam is used to prevent dangerous ice from building up on the tank during fueling on the launch pad.

Slideshow: Month in Space: January 2014

The insulating foam is of special concern to NASA since a chunk of it flew off during space shuttle Columbia's launch in 2003 and struck the orbiter. The damage allowed fiery gases to penetrate Columbia during re-entry, breaking up the craft and killing its seven astronauts.

NASA redesigned the external tank, removing large amounts of foam, before last year's three successful shuttle missions. The space agency plans another design change to the tank before the shuttle program ends in 2010.

Despite the added delay, Hale said he is confident the space agency can pull off four space shuttle flights this year to continue construction on the international space station. NASA originally had hoped to fly five shuttle missions this year, but the extra flight will be bumped into next year's schedule, he said.

"The overall manifest will have a ripple effect of several months, but we will catch up about the middle to the end of next year," Hale said.

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