IMAGE: President Silva unveils new plan
Carlos Humberto  /  EPA
Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva announces new measures intended to reduce violence in his country during a speech in Brasilia on Monday.
updated 8/21/2007 6:34:36 AM ET 2007-08-21T10:34:36

Brazil will invest nearly $3.3 billion on new prisons and social programs over the next five years in an effort to reduce violence, President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva said Monday.

The Justice Ministry plan calls for the construction of 160 prisons, scholarships for police officers and an expansion of social programs in poor areas where crime is rising, such as in Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, Silva said.

The initiative will also focus on battling corruption and other sources of crime, but will not increase the 575,000 police officers on the streets in Latin America’s largest country or upgrade their equipment.

“The majority of the problems in Brazil can be solved with more opportunities” for the nation’s youth, Silva said, rather than by simply boosting law enforcement.

‘This is the right path’
The goal is to cut the country’s homicide rate from 29 per 100,000 residents to about 11 per 100,000 residents by 2012, the plan’s coordinator Ronaldo Teixeira said earlier Monday.

The new prisons will each be able to house 400 inmates, and educational opportunities will be offered to some of the nation’s 420,000 inmates, Teixeira said. The country’s prisons are overcrowded and in poor condition, many of them run by gang leaders behind bars.

Justice Minister Tarso Genro said the plan would make a positive impact in three to five years.

“This is the right path, for sure,” said Rubem Cesar Fernandes, director of Viva Rio, a non-governmental organization based in Rio de Janeiro that promotes peace and social development. “But now these proposals must be implemented, that’s the challenge.”

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