updated 9/30/2007 12:03:39 AM ET 2007-09-30T04:03:39

BC-History-Sept 30,0577

Today in History

By The Associated Press

Today is Sunday, Sept. 30, the 273rd day of 2007. There are 92 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On Sept. 30, 1846, Boston dentist William Morton used ether as an anesthetic for the first time as he extracted an ulcerated tooth from merchant Eben Frost.

On this date:

In 1777, the Continental Congress — forced to flee in the face of advancing British forces — moved to York, Pa.

In 1791, Mozart’s opera “The Magic Flute” premiered in Vienna, Austria.

In 1938, a day after co-signing the Munich Agreement allowing Nazi annexation of Czechoslovakia’s Sudetenland, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain praised the accord on his return home, saying, “I believe it is peace for our time.”

In 1946, an international military tribunal in Nuremberg, Germany, found 22 top Nazi leaders guilty of war crimes.

In 1949, the Berlin Airlift came to an end.

In 1954, the first atomic-powered vessel, the submarine USS Nautilus, was commissioned by the Navy.

In 1955, actor James Dean, 24, was killed in a two-car collision near Cholame, Calif.

In 1962, black student James Meredith was escorted by federal marshals to the campus of the University of Mississippi, where he enrolled for classes the next day.

In 1966, the Republic of Botswana became independent from Britain.

In 1982, the situation comedy “Cheers” premiered on NBC-TV.

Ten years ago: In an unprecedented act of repentance, France’s Roman Catholic Church apologized for its silence during the systematic persecution and deportation of Jews by the pro-Nazi Vichy regime.

Five years ago: New Jersey Sen. Robert Torricelli abruptly ended his scandal-tainted re-election campaign just five weeks before the election, leaving Democrats scrambling for a candidate.

One year ago: Five people were killed when an overpass near Montreal collapsed. Tony Award-winning actress Isabel Bigley died in Los Angeles at age 80.

Today’s Birthdays: Actress Deborah Kerr is 86. Author Elie Wiesel is 79. Actress Angie Dickinson is 76. Singer Cissy Houston is 74. Singer Johnny Mathis is 72. Actor Len Cariou is 68. Rock singer-musician Dewey Martin (Buffalo Springfield) is 65. Singer Marilyn McCoo is 64. Pop singer Sylvia Peterson (The Chiffons) is

61. Rock musician John Lombardo is 55. Singer Deborah Allen is 54. Actor Calvin Levels is 53. Actor Barry Williams is 53. Singer Patrice Rushen is 53. Actor Vondie Curtis-Hall is 51. Actress Fran Drescher is 50. Country singer Marty Stuart is 49. Actress Debrah Farentino is 48. Rock musician Bill Rieflin (R.E.M.) is 47. Actress Crystal Bernard is 46. Actor Eric Stoltz is 46. Rapper-producer Marley Marl is 45. Country singer Eddie Montgomery (Montgomery-Gentry) is 44. Rock singer Trey Anastasio is 43. Rock musician Robby Takac (Goo Goo Dolls) is 43. Actress Lisa Thornhill is 41. Actress Andrea Roth (“Rescue Me”) is 40. Actress Monica Bellucci is 39. Actor Tony Hale is 37. Actress Jenna Elfman is 36. Actor Ashley Hamilton is 33. Actor Mike Damus is 28. Tennis player Martina Hingis is 27. Olympic gold medal gymnast Dominique Moceanu is 26. Actress Lacey Chabert is 25. Actor Kieran Culkin is 25. Singer-rapper T-Pain is 23.

Thought for Today: “After three days without reading, talk becomes flavorless.” — Chinese proverb.

© 2013 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

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