Image: Andrew Brown
Sgt. Andrew Brown, an Army reservist of Harrisburg, Pa., has been diagnosed with post-traumatic stress.
updated 5/1/2008 2:14:17 PM ET 2008-05-01T18:14:17

Defense Secretary Robert Gates on Thursday urged troops to get psychiatric counseling for wartime mental health problems, saying it’s “not going to count against them” later if they apply for national security clearances for sensitive jobs.

Gates announced a new policy under which troops and civilian defense employees will no longer have to reveal previous mental health treatment unless it was court-ordered or involved violence.

He spoke to reporters after visiting a new center at Fort Bliss, Texas, designed to treat soldiers returning from war with post-traumatic stress disorder.

Gates called PTSD one of the “unseen wounds” of war. He said there are two issues in dealing with it, the first is the task of developing care and treatment.

Removing the stigma
“The second, and in some ways perhaps equally challenging, is to remove the stigma that is associated with PTSD and to encourage soldiers, sailors, Marines and airmen who encounter these problems to seek help,” he said.

Later, Gates told nearly 900 command sergeants major and instructors at Fort Bliss that senior leaders must consider the stress on the force — “stress that has been greatly increased in recent years” as fighting continues in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Gates noted problems revealed last year with substandard treatment at Walter Reed Army Medical Center and told the crowd that he has watched the recent YouTube video of poor housing conditions at Fort Bragg, N.C.


There have been mistakes, he acknowledged, adding that “things happen too slowly. It takes too long for decisions to get made at the Pentagon and then to get implemented. ... I share your frustration.”

At the Pentagon, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Navy Adm. Michael Mullen, told a press conference that for too long, troops have believed that seeking mental health assistance would hurt their careers.

“Nothing could be further from the truth, and it’s time we got over that,” Mullen said.

Thousands of troops are coming home from Iraq and Afghanistan with war-related anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress. But many hesitate to get psychiatric care because they fear that could cost them their security clearances, harm their careers and embarrass them before commanders and comrades.

A question on the government application for security clearances — what Gates called “the infamous Question 21” — has long asked federal employees whether they have consulted a mental health professional in the past seven years. If so, they are asked to list the names, addresses and dates they saw the doctor or therapist, unless it was for marriage or grief counseling and not related to violent behavior.

The new question allows them to answer “No” if the counseling was for any of the following reasons and was not court-ordered:

  • Strictly marital, family or grief counseling not related to their own violent behavior;
  • Strictly related to adjustments from service in a military combat environment.

Gates said a letter will be attached to applications explaining the department’s position on therapy.

“Seeking professional care for these mental health issues should not be perceived to jeopardize an individual’s security clearance,” says the letter from James Clapper and David Chu, undersecretaries of defense for intelligence and personnel respectively.

Rather, they said, “failure to seek care actually increases the likelihood that psychological distress could escalate to a more serious mental condition, which could preclude an individual from performing sensitive duties.”

The newly written question also says getting counseling “in and of itself is not a reason to revoke or deny a clearance.”

The Pentagon says the perception of stigma for security applicants is far worse than the reality.

The most recently released data show less than 1 percent of some 800,000 people investigated for clearances in 2006 were rejected on the sole issue of their mental health profiles.

Lt. Gen. John F. Kimmons, head of Army intelligence, said it was his department that originally recommended eliminating the old question after finding it affected so few people and yet “the perception was so damning” among troops in the field.

More important to investigators considering the clearances is “your behavior, your financial situation ... the observations of your friends and neighbors and supervisors,” he said in an interview.

Up to 20 percent of the more than 1.6 million troops who have served in Iraq and Afghanistan are estimated to have mental health problems, the Defense Department says.

Successive government and private studies have found roughly half of those who need help are seeking it.

Advocates of better mental health care for troops said the new policy could be a small but important step.

“This needs to be followed by a mental health campaign — not just for service members but for their families as well,” said Paul Riechoff, executive director of Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans of America. “But I really do think it’s a significant evolution.”

Copyright 2008 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.


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