updated 5/15/2008 1:46:35 PM ET 2008-05-15T17:46:35

The last thing any traveler wants is to lose a wallet, whether it's misplaced or taken by a pickpocket, in the middle of a vacation.

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As the summer travel season approaches, it's a good time to review the financial rules of the road. Consumers who take a few precautions before they leave home can help ensure that their cash and credit cards are safe and secure, whether their trips take them to a nearby state or overseas.

"We don't want to be alarmist, because people can run into problems in their own neighborhoods, too," said Nancy Dunnan, publisher of travelsmartnewsletter.com in New York. "But losses can be much harder to deal with if you're away from home and you don't know the local procedures or, sometimes, the local language."

Dunnan said the first thing people need to do is limit what they carry with them. In most cases, she recommends no more than two credit cards — one for regular use and the other for backup — or one credit card and one debit card for cash withdrawals.

"It helps to notify the card issuers you'll be traveling, so they don't put a hold on the card when they start seeing charges from an unfamiliar place," Dunnan said. "And you should double check your limits so you don't go over the top."

Dunnan also recommends families carry traveler's checks. Although the availability of automated teller machines, or ATMs, has made traveler's checks less essential, they remain a good source of cash if credit or debit cards are lost or stolen.

"The amount (of traveler's checks) you need depends on the length of the trip," she said. "But it doesn't hurt to have anywhere from $250 to $500 to get you through a difficult time."

For those traveling abroad, it can be a good idea to buy in advance the equivalent of $100 in the currency of the country you're visiting. That way, you can cover taxi fares, porters' tips and other expenses you may incur before you have time to change money.

How you carry money and credit cards around affects your security, said Sarah Schlichter, editor of the independenttraveler.com Web site, based in Pennington, N.J.

Schlichter, an ardent traveler abroad, keeps her credit cards and dollars "in a money belt under my clothes." Then, she said, she puts the equivalent of $100 in local currency in a cheap, plastic wallet that she keeps in her pocket.

"That way, when I'm pulling out my wallet, I'm only exposing a limited amount of local currency," which presumably is less attractive to a thief than a large amount of dollars, she said.

Schlichter also said people need to stay aware of their surroundings, both at home and abroad.

"You have to use common sense," she said. "There are thieves and pickpockets in New York City — just the way there are in Rome."

That means choosing ATMs inside banks or in hotel lobbies and "not in a dark, creepy alley," she said.

Schlichter suggests couples or friends traveling together split their cards and cash so that if one is robbed or loses something, the other has backup resources.

For those who don't have access to a hotel safe, it's a good idea to keep your money, main credit card, passport and airline tickets on your person at all times. Your backup card should be kept somewhere else that's safe. This is especially true for those sleeping in hostels or traveling on crowded trains or ferries, she said.

"The last place you want to carry everything is in a purse or backpack," she cautioned, saying they were the target of many thieves. "If you find yourself in a crowded place, keep your bag in front of you with your arms over it."

The U.S. State Department, which has travel safety tips on its Web site, suggests travelers leave behind "anything you would hate to lose," including valuable jewelry, irreplaceable family objects, your Social Security card, library card and other membership cards you're unlikely to need.

If you're headed overseas and are carrying a passport for identification, you might consider leaving your driver's license behind if you're not going to be driving yourself, and you likely won't need credit cards from hometown retail stores either.

Both Schlichter and Dunnan urge travelers to make a list of everything in their wallet and photocopies of other important travel documents, such as plane tickets and passport and traveler's checks. Don't list full credit and debit card numbers, but the phone numbers to contact if the cards are lost or stolen.

Carry one copy in a safe place, away from the cards and documents themselves, and leave another back home with a friend, relative or colleague in case of emergencies, they said.

Copyright 2008 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

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