Image: Afghan policemen
Humayoun Shiab  /  EPA
Afghan policemen stand amid the debris of the damaged Kandahar prison on Sunday, following the escape of hundreds of fighters.
updated 6/16/2008 2:58:12 PM ET 2008-06-16T18:58:12

Hundreds of Taliban fighters invaded villages just outside Afghanistan's second-largest city Monday, forcing NATO and Afghan troops to rush in and frightened residents to flee.

The Taliban assault on the outskirts of Kandahar was the latest display of prowess by the militants despite a record number of U.S. and NATO troops in the country.

The push into Arghandab district — a lush region filled with grape and pomegranate groves that the Soviet army could never conquer — comes three days after a Taliban attack on Kandahar's prison that freed 400 insurgent fighters.

Those fighters, NATO conceded Monday, appear to now be massing on the doorstep of the Taliban's former powerbase. Kandahar city lies just 10 miles to the southeast.

The sophisticated and successful jailbreak, followed by the movement into Arghandab, is the latest evidence of the growing strength of the Taliban militants, whose hard-line Islamist regime was ousted from power in the U.S.-led invasion in 2001.

'They are planting mines'
The U.S. and NATO have pleaded for additional troops over the last year and now have some 65,000 in the country. But the militants are still finding successes that the international alliance can't counter.

"Three days ago, inside of a 30-minute operation, the Taliban freed hundreds of prisoners, and NATO, the Canadians, the Americans, didn't do anything," said Mohammad Asif, a 30-year-old Kandahar resident. "Now more than 500 Taliban are living in Arghandab. They are occupying the region."

Mohammad Farooq, the government leader in Arghandab, said about 500 Taliban fighters moved into his district and took over several villages Monday. He said families were fleeing even as Canadian, U.S. and Afghan forces were moving in.

A large river dissects Arghandab's fertile lands. The east side, closest to Kandahar, is controlled by NATO and Afghan troops, Farooq said. The area to the river's west is now controlled by the Taliban.

"The Taliban told us to leave. They are planting mines everywhere," said Shafiq Khan, who was moving his wife, seven children and brother out of Arghandab in a small truck late Monday. Khan reported that helicopters were patrolling the skies. "The people are scared," he said by mobile phone.

NATO spokesman dismisses reports
Arghandab lies just northwest of Kandahar city, and a tribal leader from the region warned that the militants could use the cover from Arghandab's orchards to mount an attack on Kandahar itself

"All of Arghandab is made of orchards. The militants can easily hide and easily fight," said Haji Ikramullah Khan. "It's quite close to Kandahar. During the Russian war, the Russians didn't even occupy Arghandab, because when they fought here they suffered big casualties."

Maj. Gen. Carlos Branco, a spokesman for the NATO-led force, dismissed the idea, saying the Taliban couldn't mount such an attack. He said he didn't believe there are 500 fighters in Arghandab but wouldn't offer an estimate.

Nevertheless, security in Kandahar city had been beefed up noticeably. Police with rockets on their shoulders kept lookout from the roof of police headquarters, and the few remaining aid groups in town added guards.

NATO spokesman Mark Laity said NATO and Afghan military officials were redeploying troops to the region to "meet any potential threats."

"It's fair to say that the jailbreak has put a lot of people (militants) into circulation who weren't there before, and so obviously you're going to respond to that potential threat," he said.

One Taliban fighter who escaped from the Kandahar prison Friday said he plans on rejoining the insurgency.

"This is jihad," Ameer Mohammed, 27, told The Associated Press on Monday. "We will not abandon it because we were jailed."

Friday's attack at Sarposa Prison involved dozens of militants on motorbikes and two suicide bombers. One suicide bomber set off an explosives-laden tanker truck at the prison gate while a second bomber blew up an escape route through a back wall. Rockets fired from inside the prison's courtyard collapsed an upper floor.

Leadership vacuum
Two powerful anti-Taliban leaders from Arghandab have died in the last year, weakening the region's defenses. Mullah Naqib, the district's former leader, died of a heart attack in October. Taliban fighters moved into Arghandab en masse two weeks after his death but left within days after soldiers moved in.

A second leader, police commander Abdul Hakim Jan, died in a massive suicide bombing in Kandahar in February.

Sarah Chayes, a former NPR reporter who runs a non-governmental organization in Kandahar that makes and sells soaps and body oils, warned after Naqib's death that his passing meant trouble for the region.

"Mullah Naqib's Arghandab is currently acting as the dike protecting Kandahar from a surge of Taliban presence," Chayes wrote on her Web site. "And Arghandab, as Mullah Naqib proved during the anti-Soviet jihad, is a formidable place for a resistance movement to be based. Once well ensconced there, the Taliban would be nearly impossible to dislodge."

Chayes said by email Monday that Taliban plans for the Arghandab attack and the prison assault, were "obviously long in the making."

The Taliban last attempted a large-scale assault in Kandahar province in late 2006, a months-long engagement that killed more than 500 of its fighters. That marked the last time the Taliban fought in large formations. It has since increased the use of suicide and roadside bombs, and its fighters now move in smaller groups.

The assault comes one day after President Hamid Karzai angrily told a news conference that he would send Afghan troops into Pakistan to hunt down Taliban leaders in response to the militants that cross over into Afghanistan from Pakistan.

On Monday, hundreds of Afghans demonstrated in eastern Afghanistan in support of Karzai's threat.

Across the border, Pakistan summoned the Afghan ambassador and said it would "defend its territorial sovereignty" in a spat that marks a new low in relations between key partners in the U.S.-led war on terror.

U.S. President George W. Bush, speaking in London, said the United States can help calm the "testy situation." Bush said the mission for the U.S. remains to deny safe haven to extremists who want to kill innocent people.

"That's the strategy of Afghanistan. It needs to be the strategy of Pakistan," Bush said.

Copyright 2008 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

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