updated 7/12/2009 12:27:32 PM ET 2009-07-12T16:27:32

Contrary to White House wishes, Attorney General Eric Holder may push forward with a criminal investigation into the Bush administration's harsh interrogation practices used on suspected terrorists.

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Holder is considering whether to appoint a prosecutor and will make a final decision within the next few weeks, a Justice Department official told The Associated Press. The official spoke on the condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to speak on a pending matter.

A move to appoint a criminal prosecutor is certain to stir partisan bickering that could create a distraction to President Barack Obama's efforts to push ambitious health care and energy reform.

Republican Sen. John McCain of Arizona said he was against opening a criminal investigation into interrogation practices during the Bush administration. The former presidential candidate suggested on NBC television's "Meet the Press" that embarking on a criminal investigation would provide a recruiting tool to terrorists.

McCain echoed Obama's words, saying that it is time to move forward.

Obama has expressed reluctance
Republican Sen. Judd Gregg of New Hampshire told CNN's "State of the Union" that the country is fighting a "war of intelligence" that would be damaged if the tactics were disclosed.

Obama has repeatedly expressed reluctance to having a probe into alleged Bush-era abuses and resisted an effort by congressional Democrats to establish a "truth commission," saying the nation should be "looking forward and not backwards."

Justice Department spokesman Matt Miller said Holder planned to "follow the facts and the law."

"We have made no decisions on investigations or prosecutions, including whether to appoint a prosecutor to conduct further inquiry," he told the AP on Saturday. "As the attorney general has made clear, it would be unfair to prosecute any official who acted in good faith based on legal guidance from the Justice Department."

Newsweek magazine, which first reported the development, said Holder was aware of the political implications of having a probe and preferred not to create unnecessary trouble for the White House. Still, the attorney general was troubled by what he learned in reports about the treatment of prisoners at the CIA's "black sites."

The probe would focus in part on whether CIA personnel tortured terrorism suspects after Sept. 11, 2001. Holder has said those who acted within the government's legal guidance will not be prosecuted, but has left open the possibility of pursuing those who went beyond the guidance and broke the law.

Someone with 'gravitas and grit'
Holder has discussed with his staff the possibility of a prosecutor, saying he needed someone with "gravitas and grit," the magazine reported. In the end, the attorney general asked for a list of 10 candidates, five from within the Justice Department and five from outside.

"I hope that whatever decision I make would not have a negative impact on the president's agenda," Holder told Newsweek. "But that can't be a part of my decision."

Another Republican senator, Lamar Alexander of Tennessee, said that if Holder decides to appoint a prosecutor to probe Bush-era decisions, he should go farther back. Alexander said on CNN that the investigation should go back into the 1990s, when Holder was a senior Justice Department official under President Bill Clinton.

Copyright 2009 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

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