Video: Obama: Iran 'must now cooperate fully'

  1. Transcript of: Obama: Iran 'must now cooperate fully'

    LESTER HOLT, anchor: A day after being called out by President Obama and other Western leaders for building a secret nuclear facility , Iran took a step today to try and ease tensions, announcing it will allow, on an unspecified date, international inspectors to examine the underground facility. The White House isn't buying Iran 's claim that the project is for peaceful uses and is tonight continuing to press Iranian leaders to come clean about what it suspects is part of a nuclear weapons project. NBC 's Mike Viquiera has the very latest on the story for us. He joins us tonight from the White House . Mike :

    MIKE VIQUIERA reporting: Good evening, Lester . Iran appears to have been caught off guard by the sudden disclosure of their nuclear facility . But even after that announcement today that Iran will allow international inspectors to visit the site, the administration here is still taking a tough line. The president today, back in Washington and enjoying a family outing, one day after joining allies to deliver a startling revelation.

    President BARACK OBAMA: The Islamic republic of Iran has been building a covert uranium enrichment facility near Qum for several years.

    VIQUIERA: Today Iran declared that it would allow international inspectors access to the newly disclosed site, a move quickly noted by the secretary of state.

    Secretary HILLARY CLINTON (Secretary of State): Well, it is always welcome when Iran makes a decision to comply with the international rules and regulations.

    VIQUIERA: But the administration wants more transparency from Iran . In his Saturday Internet address , the president sought to keep the pressure on. Pres . OBAMA : Iran must now cooperate fully with the International Atomic Energy Agency and take action to demonstrate its peaceful intentions.

    VIQUIERA: The site, located in Iran 's northwest, is said by US officials to consist of a series of tunnels built under mountainous terrain whose size and

    shape suggest Iran had only one purpose: to develop weapons-grade material. Mr. DAVID ALBRIGHT : Intended to keep it, in a sense, in its back pocket, and if it made a decision to build nuclear weapons , to be able to use it to facilitate that decision quickly.

    VIQUIERA: For Mr. Obama , the challenge now is to get Russia and China on board, though the two countries have been reluctant to get tough with Iran in the past.

    Ms. NANCY SODERBERG (Foreign Police Strategist): Iran was caught red-handed cheating. The world knows it; it can't deny it. Russia and China can no longer hide behind a fiction that this is not a nuclear weapons program .

    VIQUIERA: The president says a united front is essential if talks between Iran and key powers, scheduled to begin next week, fail to yield progress. Pres . OBAMA : When we find that diplomacy does not work, we will be in a much stronger position to, for example, apply sanctions that have bite.

    VIQUIERA: And in an interview to air tomorrow on " Meet the Press ," former president Bill Clinton says this latest news means a boost for diplomacy.

    President BILL CLINTON: I always think it's a good idea, if possible, to look somebody in the eye and have a chance to have a conversation before there's a total breach.

    VIQUIERA: And, Lester , that face-to-face meeting next week in Geneva will see Iran on one side of the table facing six world powers , including Russia and China , on the other side. And in the meantime here, the administration says they want to see Iranian promises matched with actions. Lester :

updated 9/26/2009 8:45:00 PM ET 2009-09-27T00:45:00

The U.S. and its five partners trying to stop Iran's suspected nuclear weapons program plan to tell Tehran in a key meeting on Thursday that it must provide "unfettered access" to its previously secret Qom enrichment facility within weeks, a senior administration official said.

The U.S., Britain, France, Germany, China and Russia also will present in the Oct. 1 meeting in Geneva a so-called transparency package covering all of Iran's nuclear activities across the country, the official said. The official spoke on condition of anonymity in order to discuss plans that are not yet ready to be announced.

The six countries will demand that Iran prove to the increasingly skeptical group that its intentions with its various sites are peaceful and energy-related, as Iran claims, and not for weapons development, as the West believes, the official said Saturday.

These nations now agree that they are less inclined to listen to suspect arguments or incomplete evidence — viewing it as a stall tactic, the official said.

But beyond the timeframe of "weeks" for coming clean on Qom, the six countries will not give Iran a specific deadline to provide the information about its overall program, the official said.

Access to computers, scientists
The development of such a timeframe will depend on the Iranians' actions in the meeting and directly after it, the official said.

The kind of transparency the group wants from Tehran is far-reaching, covering people, timeframes and facilities. This would include full access for the International Atomic Energy Agency to any and every site, notebooks, computers and documents related to nuclear development, and all scientists.

The United States will be represented in Thursday's meeting in Geneva by William Burns, the under secretary of state for political affairs, a career diplomat.

On Saturday, Iran's nuclear chief told state TV that his country would allow the U.N. nuclear agency to inspect Iran's newly revealed and still unfinished uranium enrichment facility. Ali Akbar Salehi did not specify when inspectors from the IAEA could visit. He said the timing would be worked out with the U.N. watchdog.

Nothing secret, Iranian says
Salehi said there was nothing secret about the site and that Iran complied with U.N. rules that require it to inform the world body's nuclear agency six months before a uranium enrichment facility becomes operational.

"Inspection will be within the framework of the regulations ... we have no problem with inspection (of the site). We will work out this issue with the agency and will announce the date of the inspection later after reaching an agreement with IAEA," Salei told state television Saturday.

Salehi, who is also the head of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, said Tehran should be praised, not condemned, for voluntarily revealing the existence of the nuclear facility. Earlier Saturday, President Barack Obama offered Iran "a serious, meaningful dialogue" over its disputed nuclear program, while warning Tehran of grave consequences from a united global front.

"Iran's leaders must now choose — they can live up to their responsibilities and achieve integration with the community of nations. Or they will face increased pressure and isolation, and deny opportunity to their own people," Obama said in his radio and Internet address Saturday.

The White House responded to the development by urging Iran's complete and immediate cooperation with the IAEA. "After hiding this site from the international community for years, full transparency is essential, and it is time for Iran to play by the rules like everyone else," White House spokesman Tommy Vietor said.

‘Disturbing pattern’
Obama said in his address that evidence of Iran's building the underground plant "continues a disturbing pattern of Iranian evasion" that jeopardizes global nonproliferation.

Ahead of Thursday's international talks with Iran in Geneva, Obama said the world "is more united than ever before" on this issue. Those negotiations, he said, "now take on added urgency."

Iran's failure to comply with international inspectors raised the potential of tougher economic penalties, although Obama and administration officials did not rule out military action.

"My offer of a serious, meaningful dialogue to resolve this issue remains open," Obama said, urging Tehran to "take action to demonstrate its peaceful intentions."

Evidence of the clandestine facility was presented Friday by Obama, British Prime Minister Gordon Brown and French President Nicolas Sarkozy at the G-20 economic summit in Pittsburgh. The news overshadowed developments on regulating financial markets and reducing fossil fuel subsidies.

Soon after, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, at his own news conference, urged Iran to cooperate, as did Chinese Vice Foreign Minister He Yafei. He, however, did not endorse penalties against Tehran.

At a news conference in New York, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad said his country had done nothing wrong and Obama would regret his actions.

"What we did was completely legal, according to the law. We have informed the agency, the agency will come and take a look and produce a report and it's nothing new," he said.

Ahmadinejad said the plant — which Iranian officials say was reported to nuclear authorities as required — would not be operational for 18 months. But he sidestepped a question about whether Iran had sufficient uranium to manufacture a nuclear weapon.

Copyright 2009 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.


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