Image: Memorial is seen at Fort Hood, Texas
Kevin Lamarque  /  Reuters
A memorial of rifles, boots and helmets, and a U.S. flag at half staff is seen at Fort Hood, Texas, on Tuesday.  President Obama spoke at the memorial for the 13 victims who were killed last week in a shooting spree.
updated 11/10/2009 7:18:31 PM ET 2009-11-11T00:18:31

Finger-pointing erupted between federal agencies Tuesday over Fort Hood shooting suspect Nidal Hasan. Government officials said a Defense Department terrorism investigator looked into Hasan's contacts with a radical imam months ago, but a military official denied prior knowledge of the Army psychiatrist's contacts with any Muslim extremists.

The two government officials, speaking on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to discuss the case on the record, said the Washington-based joint terrorism task force overseen by the FBI was notified of communications between Hasan and a radical imam overseas, and the information was turned over to a Defense Criminal Investigative Service employee assigned to the task force. The communications were gathered by investigators beginning in December 2008 and continuing into early this year.

That Defense investigator wrote up an assessment of Hasan after reviewing the communications and the Army major's personnel file, according to these officials. The assessment concluded Hasan did not merit further investigation — in large part because his communications with the imam were centered on a research paper about the effects of combat in Iraq and Afghanistan and the investigator determined that Hasan was in fact working on such a paper, the officials said.

Missed opportunities?
The disclosure came as questions swirled about whether opportunities were missed to head off the massacre — 13 dead and 29 wounded — and the FBI launched its own internal review of how it handled the early information about Hasan. Military, law enforcement and intelligence agencies are all defending themselves against tough questions about what each of them knew about Hasan before he allegedly opened fire in a crowded room at the huge military base in Texas.

The disclosure Tuesday of the defense investigator's role indicated that the U.S. military was aware of worrisome behavior by the massacre suspect long before the attack. Just hours later, a senior defense official, also demanding anonymity, directly contradicted that notion.

Video: Suspect linked to radical cleric The senior defense official said neither the Army nor any other part of the Defense Department knew of Hasan's contacts with any Muslim extremists. But the defense official carefully conceded this view was based upon what the Pentagon knows now.

The FBI has launched its own internal review of how it handled the early information about Hasan. Military, law enforcement and intelligence agencies also are defending themselves against tough questions about what each of them knew about Hasan before he allegedly opened fire in a crowded room at the huge military base in Texas.

Hasan has not been formally charged but officials plan to charge him in military court, not a civilian one, a choice that suggests his alleged actions are not thought to have emanated from a terrorist organization. He could face the death penalty.

Acted alone
Investigators believe Hasan acted alone, despite his communications with Anwar al-Awlaki, an imam released from a Yemeni jail last year who has used his personal Web site to encourage Muslims across the world to kill U.S. troops in Iraq. Because the communications between Hasan and al-Awlaki did not contain threats or advocacy of violence, no formal investigation was opened into Hasan, they said.

Officials said the content of those messages was "consistent with the subject matter of his research," part of which involved post-traumatic stress disorder stemming from U.S. combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan.

A law enforcement official said the communications consisted primarily of Hasan posing questions to the imam as a spiritual leader or adviser, and the imam did respond to at least some of those messages.

Investigative officials spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to discuss the case on the record. Republican Rep. Pete Hoekstra of Michigan, the top Republican on the House Intelligence Committee, said it was his understanding Hasan and the imam exchanged e-mails that counterterrorism officials picked up.

Born in New Mexico, al-Awlaki is a former imam at a Falls Church, Va., mosque where Hasan and his family occasionally worshipped. In 2001, al-Awlaki had contact with two of the Sept. 11 hijackers. That contact was investigated by the FBI, but no charges were brought against al-Awlaki.

Web site offline
On Monday, al-Awlaki's Web site praised Hasan as a hero.

By Tuesday, his Web site was offline, but it was unclear whether the site was taken down deliberately.

The imam's site was hosted by a Culver City, Calif.,-based company, Media Temple Inc., which also runs Web sites for well-known corporations, according to Internet registration records and the company's own sales literature. Media Temple did not immediately respond to phone calls or e-mails Tuesday from The Associated Press. Internet records indicated Media Temple was itself leasing the site's Internet address from a Brea, Calif.,-based company, New Dream Network LLC, which declined to answer questions about the Web site Tuesday, citing customer privacy.

"We do work routinely with law enforcement on the local, national and international level in an expedient manner," New Dream Network said in a statement.

Hasan's electronic interactions with al-Awlaki have drawn new attention to the imam, who is well known among intelligence circles, a former senior U.S. intelligence official told The Associated Press. Al-Awlaki is considered to have deep and close links with al-Qaida but is not understood to be an al-Qaida operative, the official said.

The Senate has already launched its own inquiry into the Hasan case. Sens. Joseph Lieberman, I-Conn., and Susan Collins, R-Maine, plan to hold a hearing on the shootings next week.

Copyright 2009 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

Video: Why was Army unaware of Hasan’s e-mails?

  1. Closed captioning of: Why was Army unaware of Hasan’s e-mails?

    >>> latest in the investigation into that deadly shooting spree at ft. hood and finger-pointing between the army and the defense department over e-mails the suspect sent to a radical cleric with ties to al qaeda . justice correspondent pete williams now has details. pete, good morning.

    >> ann, good morning to you. as investigators work to reconstruct what they say was major nidal malik hasan 's planning for the rampage, they are also trying to find out who knew about his e-mails to a radical cleric. and ft. hood soldiers and families strive to return to normal after president obama attended tuesday's moral. memorial. gathering on the sprawling army post, 15,000 people came to pay their respects to the 13 who were killed, symbolized by the simplest of tributes, a poignant military tradition .

    >> they ranged in age from 19 to 62. three were women, ten were men. among them, they had 19 children and one of them had a child on the way.

    >> reporter: after meeting privately with family members and with the wounded physically able to attend, the president said no words could fill the void of sorrow.

    >> no faith justifies these murderous and craven acts. no just and loving god looks upon them with favor. for what he has done, we know that the killer will be met with justice in this world and the next.

    >> reporter: in the investigation of the man accused of the shootings, major nidal malik hasan , army officials now say they had no idea that he exchanged e-mails nearly a year ago with a radical islamic cleri cleric, anwar al awlaki, a supporter of jihad. they say they were never informed, even though a defense department investigator was aware of it. some members of congress say the e-mails should have been grounds for immediate dismissal.

    >> hasan was sending out alarming signals that as you look back, somebody should have said, this guy doesn't belong on an army base .

    >> anwar al awlaki's jihadist message is followed around the world. a native speaker of english, born in the u.s., and even has a page on the facebook social networking site with more than 5,000 so-called friends, many of them americans. investigators say they're also looking at contacts hasan may have had with other islamic radicals outside the u.s. another warning sign about hasan , say some of his former medical school classmates, was his harsh criticism of the army's treatment of muslims. but a school spokesman says there's no record any of them ever filed a complaint. the u.s. military is now preparing its case against major hasan and the formal charges to launch the legal proceedings could come as early as tomorrow, ann.

    >> all right, pete williams . pete, thanks for your reporting on this. thanks.

    >>> and now let's get a

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