Video: Dems race against clock on health reform

  1. Closed captioning of: Dems race against clock on health reform

    >> savannah guthrie starting us off. now from the white house , we go to the other end of pennsylvania avenue , capitol hill . kelly o'donnell standing by there with the latest on the situation, as democratic leaders are threatening to let this debate and the vote run straight into christmas .

    >> reporter: good evening, brian. no matter how tough things look at the white house , the real pressure point is here, where democratic leaders are scrambling to line up their last few votes. that could even mean cancelling holiday plans. senate democrats insist they can wrap up a health care reform package by christmas .

    >> if it costs us christmas eve or costs us christmas day or even more, we cannot let the people of this country down.

    >> reporter: democrats must have all their members on board to get health reform through. ben nelson told a radio station back home he can't vote yes now. he is against insurance coverage for abortion.

    >> if that were changed, would that be enough right now for you to go along with the bill?

    >> no. no. there are other substantive issues.

    >> reporter: like the bill's cost. and vermont senator bernie sanders us frustrated that the public option has dropped.

    >> trying to make this a better bill so i can vote. i'm not there yet.

    >> reporter: time is so critical veteran joe lieberman who played a critical role in this debate was abruptly cut off.

    >> i could ask unanimous consent for an additional moment?

    >> in my capacity as senator from minnesota, i object.

    >> really? okay.

    >> don't take it personally.

    >> reporter: republican strategy is about slowing things down.

    >> they want to rush this bill through by christmas . they want to rush this bill through by christmas .

    >> reporter: to counter that the centuries-old rules by the senate are helping republicans run down the clock.

    >> under title 21.

    >> reporter: three hours dragged on as clerks were required to read an amendment word by word. democrats have tactics they can use, as well. they are scheduling some of the procedural votes for at late as 1:00 in the morning and as early as 7:00 a.m .

    >> that light on the top of the capitol dome indicates they are working tonight. kelly o'donnell on capitol hill with the other end of this story.

    >>> new york state financial officials

updated 12/17/2009 10:43:43 AM ET 2009-12-17T15:43:43

It's an annual ordeal for many seniors living on a budget.

Medicare's coverage gap for prescription drugs — $3,610 next year — has steadily gotten bigger since the benefit's inception. But if Democrats have their way on health care overhaul, the dreaded "doughnut hole" will shrink by $500 right away and go away altogether by 2019.

With the elderly worried that Medicare cuts in the health care bill will put the quality of their own care in jeopardy, Democrats belatedly are scrambling to convince them otherwise. Lawmakers are eager to make amends with a pivotal political constituency ahead of next year's midterm elections.

Senate Democratic leaders this week joined their House counterparts in vowing to close the coverage gap if President Barack Obama's health care remake passes.

"I personally am committed to fully closing the doughnut hole once and for all," Majority Leader Harry Reid, D-Nev., said on the Senate floor. "The legislation we will send to President Obama for signature will make good on his promise, and ours, to forever end this indefensible injustice for America's seniors."

Lawmakers say they expect the pharmaceutical industry to pick up the cost, adding at least $20 billion more to the $80 billion the companies have pledged toward the overhaul. Drug makers have separately offered a 50 percent discount on brand name drugs in the coverage gap, already incorporated in the legislation.

Several senators said the expectation that the industry would ante up more was a factor this week when the Senate killed an effort to allow consumer access to low-cost prescriptions from abroad. Following the Obama administration's lead, more than a dozen Democrats who previously had backed drug imports switched sides on the vote.

Whether the gambit will work with seniors is another matter.

"It's a trade-off in the minds of seniors," said Robert Blendon, a Harvard School of Public Health professor who follows opinion trends on health care. "The question they have to ask is whether they're better off if Medicare stays the way it is with no change, or if the bill is enacted with the (Medicare) cuts — but they get the doughnut hole filled."

The prescription benefit was proposed by former President George W. Bush and passed by a Republican-controlled Congress. Seniors started getting coverage in 2006. The gap, intended as a cost saver, was unpopular from the beginning — and hard to understand. AARP, the seniors lobby, says the gap is the one issue it hears the most about from its members.

After an initial deductible and copayments, Medicare currently covers the first $2,700 in annual prescription costs. Then comes the gap, and beneficiaries are on their own. Finally, after seniors reach $6,154 in total annual drug costs, Medicare coverage kicks in again and beneficiaries only have to pay 5 percent of the bill.

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Video: Left hook: Dean deals blow to health bill

Because the size of the gap is indexed to increases in drug costs, every year it grows more rapidly than the incomes of most seniors. The Democrats' plan would put that into reverse, gradually shrinking and ultimately eliminating the gap.

"The doughnut hole would be smaller and it would start later in the year," said Paul Precht, policy director for the Medicare Rights Center. "We have gone four years with an expanding doughnut hole. For us to be headed in the other direction would be a great improvement."

As things stand now, seniors with low incomes are spared from having to deal with the gap. But about one-fourth of the other beneficiaries — 3.4 million people — fall into the gap.

Anna Bollerman, a retired real estate broker, found herself pleading with doctors for free drug samples and maxing out her credit cards when she wound up in the doughnut hole this year.

"It put me in a position where I was totally embarrassed because I had to beg for medicine," said Bollerman, 80, of Bayville, N.J. She's coping with diabetes and a serious degenerative condition that affects her eyes.

A 90-day supply of one of her medications costs $1,496 when she's in the doughnut hole, said Bollerman. Her monthly income is a little over $1,500.

"All my life I was independent, and this is what I'm left with?" she said. "Whoever thought of this, it wasn't a very good idea."

Copyright 2009 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

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