Earns Citigroup
Lisa Poole  /  AP
Citigroup says it lost $7.58 billion during the final three months of 2009 as consumers still struggled to repay loans and the bank repaid its government bailout money.
updated 1/19/2010 1:49:43 PM ET 2010-01-19T18:49:43

Citigroup Inc. became the latest bank to take a cautious view of consumers' credit problems, reporting a $7.77 billion fourth-quarter loss due to failed loans and the costs of repaying government bailout money.

The bank said Tuesday it did see some early signs of improvement in its credit business although it still needed to set aside $8.18 billion to cover unpaid loans. That amount was down 10 percent from the third quarter, and 36 percent from a year earlier.

John Gerspach, Citigroup's chief financial officer, reported one of those improving signs during a conference call with the media, noting that the number of mortgage and credit card loans that were newly delinquent, or between one and three months past due, had started to stabilize and even drop in some of its lending portfolios.

However, "the U.S. credit story is still very much developing," Gerspach said.

Gerspach's comments were similar to those made by JPMorgan Chase & Co. when it reported Friday that it earned $3.28 billion during the fourth quarter thanks to its strong investment banking unit. JPMorgan said it set aside $7.28 billion for failed loans during the fourth quarter, nearly identical to the amount it reserved for bad loans during the final quarter in 2008. It also warned that it didn't know when it would be able to stop adding to its loan reserves.

2009 was a year of drastic change at Citigroup, the big bank hit hardest by the credit crisis and recession. It may turn out to have the poorest fourth-quarter showing among the big banks, as it lacks the big investment bank and trading operations that have helped other companies like JPMorgan Chase offset their losses from bad loans.

The bank, which received $45 billion in government bailout money, repaid $20 billion during the fourth quarter and raised an equal amount of capital to fund the repayment. It shed 100,000 jobs during the year and completed 14 asset sales, including the Smith Barney brokerage and Japanese units Nikko Cordial Securities and Nikko Asset Management.

The bank's loss after accounting for payment of preferred dividends came to almost $7.77 billion, or 33 cents per share. That compared with a loss of $18.16 billion, or $3.40 a share, a year earlier. In the third quarter of 2009, it earned $101 million.

The latest results were in line with analysts' expectations, according to Thomson Reuters. Citigroup lost 6 cents per share excluding the charges tied to repaying government bailout money.

Citigroup said it recorded an after-tax loss of $6.2 billion for expenses related to the bailout repayment. The government has converted the remaining $25 billion of the bailout money it gave Citigroup into a 34 percent stake in the bank. The government is planning to sell its stake in the bank during the next year.

The bank's stock rose 9 cents to $3.51 in afternoon trading. The stock price is perhaps the clearest indication of how far Citigroup fell during the banking crisis and recession; at the stock market's peak in October 2007, it traded at $45 a share.

Investors have remained skittish about the health of Citigroup, most notably last month when Citigroup sold new shares to repay the government. Shares were sold at $3.15 during the sale, well below what the bank and government were expecting. That forced the government to hold off on selling the first $5 billion of its stake in the bank until the price rebounded.

Citigroup spent much of 2009 trying to reorganize and streamline its operations to return to consistent profitability. It split its operations into two units, Citicorp and Citigroup Holdings.

Citicorp, which holds the bank's primary businesses such as regional consumer banking, generated net income of $1.7 billion during the quarter. Citigroup Holdings, which is where the bank placed noncore assets that it has been looking to sell or unwind, lost $2.5 billion during the October-December period.

Total assets in Citigroup Holdings fell by $70 billion to $547 billion during the fourth quarter.

For the full year, Citigroup lost $1.61 billion, or 80 cents per share. It lost $27.68 billion, or $5.61 per share in 2008.

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