Image: Crew at pad
NASA
STS-130 crew members line up in front of the shuttle Endeavour at Launch Pad 39A during their training sessions last week. From left are mission commander George Zamka, pilot Terry Virts and mission specialists Kathryn Hire, Stephen Robinson, Nicholas Patrick and Robert Behnken
By Managing editor
updated 1/27/2010 4:31:42 PM ET 2010-01-27T21:31:42

NASA has set a firm Feb. 7 launch date for the space shuttle Endeavour to deliver a brand-new room and observation portal to the International Space Station.

The decision, announced Wednesday, officially targets Endeavour for a planned liftoff at 4:39 a.m. ET Feb. 7 from NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida. It's expected to be NASA's last-ever space shuttle launch in darkness.

Top shuttle mission managers met Wednesday fora standard review session to discuss Endeavour's readiness for the 13-day mission. "This is really a complicated mission," NASA's space operations chief William Gerstenmaier told reporters after the review.

Commanded by veteran astronaut George Zamka, Endeavour's five-man, one-woman crew will deliver the station's new Tranquility module and a long-awaited observation portal called the Cupola.

The Tranquility module is a 24-foot (7.3-meter) cylinder that is nearly 15 feet (4.5 meters) wide and weighs about 40,000 pounds (18,143 kilograms). It will eventually serve as the home for the station's robotic arm controls, life support systems and exercise gear. One of the module's many connection ports will be occupied by the Cupola, a seven-window addition that promises to give astronauts a sweeping, panoramic view of Earth, outer space and visiting spacecraft, NASA officials said.

Endeavour astronauts will perform three spacewalks during the mission. Their shuttle will also be hauling spare parts for the space station's broken urine and water recycling system, mission managers said.

Earlier this month, two of the Tranquility module's four custom-made ammonia coolant hoses failed a standard preflight test, prompting engineers to cobble together replacements in time for Endeavour's upcoming launch. The ammonia hoses were about 16 feet (4.8 meters) long — longer than typical station hoses — so NASA engineers built new ones by combining shorter hoses into bigger segments.

"Right now, everything is looking very, very good," said NASA launch director Mike Leinbach.

NASA will have several chances to launch Endeavour ahead of an unmanned rocket slated to loft the space agency's new Solar Dynamics Observatory to study the sun. That solar probe is also due to lift off in early February, mission managers said.

Endeavour's flight will be the 130th shuttle flight since NASA began launching the winged, reusable space planes in April 1981. The upcoming night launch is the first of NASA's five final shuttle missions planned in 2010 before the orbiter fleet is retired later this fall.

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