updated 2/24/2010 7:43:49 PM ET 2010-02-25T00:43:49

Cue the cameras.

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President Barack Obama and his Republican arch foes will argue their case on health care overhaul at a bipartisan summit expected to stretch out for a solid six hours on live, daytime television Thursday for millions of Americans.

Expect them to collide, not come together. Without a no-nonsense referee to slam the gavel on mind-fogging jargon, not to mention apocalyptic rhetoric, some viewers might wish Judge Judy was presiding.

Obama is hoping to resurrect his signature issue and restore his reputation as a different kind of politician who can deliver real results. Congressional leaders of both parties are worried about self-preservation and political control in the November elections.

The goal for Obama is to draw a glaring contrast between the big bill he's backing and the limited steps Republicans are willing to take, hoping he can fire up anxious Democrats for what may be their last chance in a generation to provide health insurance coverage to nearly all Americans. They have the votes, but do they have the will?

Sen. Chris Dodd, D.-Conn., who will be among the lawmakers participating, worked a rally of supporters on the eve of Thursday's meeting, scheduled to start at 10 a.m. EST.

"After that meeting, you can either join us or get out of the way," Dodd said.

Not if Republicans have anything to do with it. Riding a populist backlash against the widening reach of government, they insist that Obama start from scratch, a notion the White House rejects. They're unified in opposing the Democratic bills passed last year and have pulled back from more ambitious GOP-backed plans that might have provided a foundation for compromise

With premiums going up by double digits for some consumers, polls show the public wants Congress and the president to deal with spiraling medical costs, shrinking coverage and questionable quality. But Americans are split over the Democratic bills. If Obama and the Democrats can't get their legislation passed, there may still be a chance for a modest measure this year that smooths the rough edges of the current system but stops well short of coverage for all.

Obama will be the moderator in chief for talks on four topics: revamping insurance, cost containment, expanding coverage and the impact of health care legislation on deficit reduction. The summit will take place at Blair House, the presidential guest quarters across the street from the White House. Here's a viewer's guide for consumers on issues critical to working families, seniors and businesses:

Working families
While the cost of health insurance is a worry for most Americans, it's a crisis for the nearly 50 million uninsured and about 27 million who buy their own coverage directly from an insurer. The $1-trillion, 10-year plan Obama and the Democrats have drafted focuses mainly on these two groups.

People with coverage from large employers would get some benefits, like being able to keep children in their late 20s on the company plan — but wouldn't face major changes unless they lose their jobs or strike out on their own.

People who buy insurance directly, as well as small employers, would be able pick a plan in a new kind of competitive marketplace offering choices similar to what federal employees and Congress members get. But it wouldn't be a free ride.

Most Americans would be required to carry health insurance and prove it to the IRS.

Obama and the Democrats say their plan would make coverage affordable by providing federal subsidies to help more than 30 million now uninsured. But solid middle-class families may still have to stretch to pay premiums. The help is a lot better for people on the lower income rungs.

Under the plan Obama released Monday — his opening bid at the summit — a family of four making $66,000 would have to pay $6,257 in premiums, close to 10 percent of its income. That's even after receiving $3,000 in federal tax credits.

By comparison, a similar family making only $44,000 would pay $2,763 — about 6 percent of its income. The estimates come from the nonpartisan Kaiser Family Foundation.

"There's no question that it's better than the status quo," said Larry Levitt, an analyst with Kaiser.

Most Republicans are opposed to an insurance mandate, although they generally like the idea of allowing 20-year-olds to remain on parental coverage. They want to concentrate on stimulating the private market to provide affordable alternatives. One idea: allowing consumers in high-cost states to buy coverage from insurers in low-cost areas.

Republicans also want to help people denied coverage because of medical problems by pumping federal money to high-risk insurance pools run by the states. Obama sees that only as a temporary measure; his plan would ban pre-existing condition denials starting in 2014.

Obama says his plan would preserve Medicare benefits and finally close the dreaded "doughnut hole" prescription coverage gap, in which seniors have to pay the full cost of their medications.

The plan he released Monday would gradually shrink the gap, but even when it's fully phased in, seniors would still have to pay 25 percent of the cost of their medications until they hit an upper limit, now $4,550 in out-of-pocket expenses. Again, not a free ride.

Obama's proposal is better than what Senate Democrats passed, but not as generous as House Democrats provided.

"The House plan might mean more coverage or cheaper drugs in the doughnut hole than the president's plan," said Joe Baker, president of the Medicare Rights Center, a New York-based advocacy group.

Who's who in the health care debateRepublicans say Obama is being disingenuous when he claims no Medicare benefits will be cut. His plan would reduce federal payments to a host of providers, and particularly private insurance plans that about a quarter of seniors have found to be an attractive option. Government economists have warned the Medicare cuts may be unsustainable, forcing Congress to take them back.

While Obama's plan may be better than the status quo for consumers who buy their own coverage, it looks like a major headache for the businesses that employ them.

The president wouldn't require employers to provide coverage, but his plan hits them with a stiff fine if even just one of their workers winds up getting federally subsidized benefits. And Obama significantly increased the fines in the Senate-passed bill that he took as the model for the proposal he's bringing to the summit.

Under the Senate plan, a company with 100 workers that fails to provide coverage would have to pay a fine of $75,000. Under Obama's plan, it would be $140,000 — nearly twice as much.

"This is going to be very confusing for employers," said Kathryn Bakich, a benefits expert at The Segal Company consulting firm. "You will not know what your employees are doing for their health care coverage, and you won't know what to expect until you get the bill from the government."

The health care summit will be carried live by C-SPAN, and major news operations including CNN plan extensive coverage during the day.

Will Americans switch channels from Oprah and Ellen for discussions about bending the cost curve and Medicaid formulas?

Stay tuned.

Copyright 2010 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.


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