Image: Local residents barricade themselves
Evarito Sa  /  AFP - Getty Images
Efforts to prevent looters from entering neighborhoods after Chile's disaster include barricades like this one in Concepcion on Tuesday.
updated 3/3/2010 7:45:05 PM ET 2010-03-04T00:45:05

One man swings a thick metal chain. Another grips an ax. An older gentleman favors a wooden pole. And a 20-year-old spoiling for a fight has prepared a garrote — a menacing wire tied between two handles — to confront any intruders.

These and hundreds of other survivors of Chile's devastating earthquake have organized neighborhood watch groups, arming themselves and barricading streets to protect their damaged homes from looters. The groups have stepped in as police were overwhelmed by looting and soldiers were slow to restore order after an earthquake and tsunami.

"We take care of ourselves here," said 51-year-old Maria Cortes. She stood watch in Poblacion Libertad — "Freedom Community" — a gritty collection of small duplexes along an industrial road in the port town of Talcahuano. About 2,000 people live here around a common area three football fields long.

Most of Talcahuano was destroyed by Saturday's magnitude-8.8 quake and tsunami, which ravaged a 435-mile stretch of Chile's Pacific coast. Downed bridges and damaged or debris-strewn highways made transit difficult if not impossible in many areas. The official death toll reached 799 on Wednesday.

'Human earthquake' a threat
But Poblacion Libertad largely escaped damage. Here, residents talk about the "human earthquake" — a growing desperation of people without power, water, cooking gas and food. Many of its residents join the looting, taking food, drinks and anything else they can use from ruined stores — but return home fearful that others will do the same to them.

Video: Quake victim's inner strength Others say they're forced by need to leave their damaged homes for food and water, only to find what little they have left has been stolen.

And so they have organized.

The men got planks of wood from a nearby lumber yard and nailed them to block entryways to the clusters of homes. They erected a barrier along an access road. The crime watch runs 24 hours.

"Each one organizes and protects his own entrance," said Cecilia San Hueza, 28. "We whistle to advise if there is anything suspicious."

So far, Poblacion Libertad has had only false alarms. Someone blew a whistle in the middle of the night, prompting hundreds of residents to run into the common. Nearby soldiers enforcing a 6 p.m.-to-noon curfew fired shots in the air to make everyone go back inside.

Elizabeth Ocampo, a 21-year-old resident of Poblacion Libertad, said firefighters arrived late this week to fight a blaze in the complex because they were busy combating looting and arson elsewhere. Five units burned to the ground.

Looting elsewhere, too
Throughout the quake zone, survivors live in fear and feed on rumors of roving mobs. Gunfire has punctuated the night in Concepcion, Lota and other towns.

On Wednesday, Concepcion residents found nearly every block of their city occupied by rifle-toting soldiers. They enforced a curfew that expired at noon, questioned people at checkpoints every few blocks downtown — an area where the citizen crime patrols are prominent — and allowed firefighters to inspect and bar access to damaged buildings. Troops arrested 35 suspected looters overnight.

Military helicopters carrying aid left Concepcion for outlying areas. But most businesses in the city remained closed, power was out almost everywhere, and residents lifted water from a river to flush toilets.

Lt. Col. Juan Carlos Andrades, in charge of the logistical effort, said 100 tractor-trailers arrived overnight from Santiago with food and other supplies. Solders worked through the night packing flour, cooking oil, canned beans, tea and other supplies into plastic shopping bags for distribution. They tossed the bags from dump trucks winding their way through city streets.

Image: Armed man guards his block
Aliosha Marquez  /  AP
A neighbor guards his block from looters in Lota, Chile, on Wednesday.
The eruption of banditry shocked the nation and put President Michelle Bachelet on the defensive. Chile's much-praised urban rescue teams were hampered by slow-to-arrive equipment — and the looting of their local base in Concepcion.

Almost everywhere, citizens have banded together to eat, get water and protect damaged or destroyed homes while they wait for the military to restore order and deliver aid.

'They care nothing about us'
In Hualpen, a poor community on the outskirts of Concepcion, Sonia Garrido and her neighbors felled trees across a street to protect their neighborhood. Volunteer guards sit around bonfires at night. Collectively, neighbors make bread and share it. Some draw brackish, smelly water from a lagoon and grumble about the lack of government aid.

"We're bad off," said Garrido, 46. "No water, no electricity. They care nothing about us."

Garrido's son armed himself with a garrote and joined a local crime watch whose other members wielded knives and pistols. But it didn't make Garrido feel much safer. She worries they'll kill someone.

She also worries that criminals will get in anyway, simply by wearing twisted plastic bags that patrol members use as armbands to identify themselves.

"I'm destroyed," Garrido said. "Last night I heard gunfire all around me. They're looting things and walking around with rifles doing anything they want. Nowhere is safe."

Like her neighbors, she must make the stressful decision each day of briefly abandoning her home so she can fill a wheelbarrow with water from a system that in normal times irrigates a traffic circle.

Under a state of emergency declared by Bachelet on Sunday, about 14,000 troops were sent into the quake zone. They can shoot to kill if necessary. The military says that hasn't happened.

A homeowner shot and killed a young man entering his house in the town of Chiguayante, El Mercurio newspaper reported.

In Concepcion, an unknown number of looters set fire to the El Polar department store Tuesday and were caught inside by the flames. Their bodies have yet to be recovered.

Copyright 2010 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

Video: Tsunami false alert triggers panic in Chile

  1. Closed captioning of: Tsunami false alert triggers panic in Chile

    >>> a pilot and safety trainer.

    >>> we continue tonight our reporting from the earthquake zone in chile. this was another awful day there because the earth moved again and violently. death tolls now over 800. the toll on people's nerves there beyond measure. with us once again mark potter in constitucion , chile, good evening.

    >> reporter: good evening to you, brian. on a day of seven powerful aftershocks, there was a rumor that a tsunami warning had just been issued. because people here are so nervous, they ran for the hills. in constitucion , chile, it took moments for panic to spread all over town. a rumor that a tsunami might be coming was immediately taken to heart, as people of all ages began to run uphill, away from the coast line . word came later the tsunami rumor was false. and everyone could relax a bit. with all the destruction here, it's easy to understand why residents of so nervous. this huge strip of rubble was once a popular restaurant row and night club along the beach until all was obliterated by the tsunami which followed the earthquake saturday morning. this man's son rode out the tsunami waves in a fishing boat and took two days to get back to shore. to fully appreciate how high the waves were, all you have to do is look over here toward that yellow building and then look up the cliff to see the water line , which is at least 50 feet above sea level . in downtown constitucion , a large boat was tossed ashore and landed at the town bus station . block after block of houses were ripped apart by both the earthquake and the tsunami . carlos was hosting a large party at his house when the earthquake struck. he and all his guests fled the area and just missed being trapped by the tsunami .

    >> the first day i came back here i just cried and cried and cried.

    >> reporter: new cell phone images of that tsunami emerged, as many people here still worry another disaster could strike soon. to fully understand the scope of the damage here, you have to come here to see it in person. when you do, it's hard to believe, brian.

    >> your coverage tonight showed the scope of it for a lot of us. mark potter in constitucion , thanks.

    >>> a terribly violent day in

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