Video: David Cameron becomes British PM

  1. Transcript of: David Cameron becomes British PM

    BRIAN WILLIAMS, anchor: Overseas tonight a new man in charge in Great Britain . Just like that there's a new prime minister. Gordon Brown is out, a new family is moving in to Number 10 Downing Street . This was all triggered by last week's inconclusive election. For more on the new man, who he is, how he got there, our own Dawna Friesen outside Number 10 tonight. Dawna , good evening .

    DAWNA FRIESEN reporting: Good evening , Brian . Yes, for five days the people of Britain have been waiting to find out who would move in here at Number 10 Downing Street tonight. Finally, an answer. Conservative Party leader David Cameron will take over as head of a new coalition government . After days of political intrigue, Gordon Brown emerged from 10 Downing Street with his wife, Sarah , to admit defeat.

    Mr. GORDON BROWN: I've always strived to serve, to do my best in the interest of Britain , its values and its people.

    FRIESEN: Then a carefully choreographed transfer of power . Brown , with his sons John and Frasier at his side, headed to Buckingham Palace to formally resign. Every nuance followed live on TV .

    Unidentified Man: Britain has no prime minister at this moment.

    FRIESEN: Within minutes, though, it did. Conservative leader David Cameron rolled up to the palace and was invited by the queen to become Britain 's next prime minister. Then, with his pregnant wife, Samantha , it was straight to his new home, 10 Downing Street , and the tough job ahead.

    Prime Minister DAVID CAMERON: We have some deep and pressing problems: a huge deficit, deep social problems and a political system in need of reform .

    FRIESEN: But Cameron 's not alone at the top. Because no party won a majority he had to make a deal to form a coalition with the Liberal Democrats , whose leader, Nick Clegg , was virtually unknown until he shot to fame during Britain 's first-ever televised leaders' debate.

    Mr. NICK CLEGG: We can have a better, fairer country if we do things differently.

    FRIESEN: Dubbed Clegg the king maker , he flirted with both sides, Labour and Conservative , in a flurry of secret meetings many voters were getting fed up with.

    Unidentified Woman: What's going on here is not democracy, it's secrecy.

    Unidentified Man:

    FRIESEN: Late today, a deal was finally done. Cameron , at age 43, is the youngest British prime minister in almost 200 years. And Gordon Brown? Tonight he seemed almost relieved.

    Mr. BROWN: And as I leave the second most important job I could ever hold, I cherish even more the first, as a husband and father. Thank you and goodbye.

    FRIESEN: Gordon Brown , relieved perhaps because he realizes what a tough job lies ahead. David Cameron 's coalition inherits not only the biggest deficit this country has seen since the second world war , but also an unpopular war in

    Afghanistan. Brian: No shortage of drama there today. Dawna Friesen in London . Dawna , thanks.

    WILLIAMS:

By
msnbc.com
updated 5/11/2010 5:36:40 PM ET 2010-05-11T21:36:40

In 1946, Winston Churchill coined the phrase “the special relationship” to describe the unique bond between the U.S. and U.K. But there are signs that the new British prime minister, David Cameron, might not see it as quite so special.

While his Conservative Party's election manifesto spoke of the U.K.’s “strong relationship with the United States,” one of its key foreign policy goals is to “establish a new special relationship with India, the world’s largest democracy.”

In 2006, Cameron wrote about the need for improved ties with India in the left-leaning Guardian newspaper. “For too long, politics in this country has been obsessed with Europe and America,” he wrote. “Serious and responsible leadership in the 21st century means engaging with far greater energy in the parts of the world where Britain's strategic interests will increasingly lie.”

And while Cameron, who took office late Tuesday, supported sending British troops into Iraq in 2003, he wrote in the Guardian he had done so “grudgingly, unhappily, unenthusiastically” because of concerns about a “pre-emptive war.”

President Barack Obama called Cameron on Tuesday to congratulate him. Obama said he remained committed to a "special relationship" between their countries and invited him to visit Washington this summer.

"The United States has no closer friend and ally than the United Kingdom, and I reiterated my deep and personal commitment to the special relationship between our two countries — a bond that has endured for generations and across party lines, and that is essential to the security and prosperity of our two countries and the world," Obama said in a statement.

Some analysts predict a Cameron-led government could be so focused on the country’s giant deficit that, in similar circumstances, Britain might not be there for the U.S. in quite the same way as it was under Tony Blair.

“Defense ... will be one in the firing line,” Ruth Lea, a well-known economist and commentator who founded think tank Global Vision, told msnbc.com.

“[Cameron] will inevitably be very concerned about domestic matters and very concerned about finance and budgets, and this will inevitably put pressure on defense budgets here, which would, I suspect, reduce our military capability if we were called on to support any further American military offensives,” she added.

'Hard choices'
Jeremy Hunt, a Conservative lawmaker, does little to dispel the idea that Britain may reduce its role on the global stage.

“I hope not, but it's going to be difficult. We are going to have to make some hard choices. It’s going to be very difficult to square the circles we need to square,” he told msnbc.com.

Hunt said a Conservative government would be more questioning of the U.S. than Blair’s administration, but also insisted Cameron would be “a very strong friend of America.”

“He will be someone who is willing to be an honest critic when that’s called for, someone absolutely clear about the value of our transatlantic ties and someone who shares the values expressed by American presidents for years," Hunt said. "We bring the willingness to support America, to recognize America is a good thing in the world, but also to be honest and open when they are getting things wrong.

"[Former U.K. prime minister] Margaret Thatcher was a strong supporter of America, but she was absolutely not afraid to give them [U.S. leaders] a piece of her mind," he added.

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