Barack Obama
Pablo Martinez Monsivais  /  AP
President Barack Obama delivers remarks in the Rose Garden of the White House in Washington, Tuesday, July 27, 2010. (AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)
updated 7/27/2010 4:30:50 PM ET 2010-07-27T20:30:50

Operatives inside Afghanistan and Pakistan who have worked for the U.S. against the Taliban or al-Qaida may be at risk following the disclosure of thousands of once-secret U.S. military documents, former and current officials said.

As the Obama administration scrambles to repair any political damage to the war effort in Congress and among the American public by the WikiLeaks revelations, there are also growing concerns that some U.S. allies abroad may ask whether they can trust America to keep secrets, officials said.

Speaking in the Rose Garden Tuesday, President Barack Obama said he was concerned about the massive leak of sensitive documents about the Afghanistan war, but that the papers did not reveal any concerns that were not already part of the debate.

In his first public comments on the matter, Obama said the disclosure of classified information from the battlefield "could potentially jeopardize individuals or operations."

The president spoke in the Rose Garden following a meeting with House and Senate leaders of both parties.

In Baghdad, Adm. Mike Mullen, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, told reporters he was "appalled" by the leak. He said "there is a real potential threat there to put American lives at risk."

The WikiLeaks material, which ranges from files documenting Afghan civilian deaths to evidence of U.S.-Pakistani distrust, could reinforce war opponents in Congress who aim to rein in the war effort. But the leaks are not expected to dim the passage of a looming $60 billion war funding bill.

Congress has backed the war so far, and an early test of that continued support came when the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, led by Sen. John Kerry, D-Mass., opened a hearing on the Afghan war.

At the hearing, few members mentioned the leak of documents but several expressed frustration at the lack of progress in improving Afghan governance and in drawing more ordinary Afghans away from the Taliban. In a tone of exasperation, Kerry questioned why the Taliban, with fewer resources, is able to field fighters who are more committed than Afghan soldiers.

"What's going on here?" Kerry asked.

Kerry: 'Overhyped'
In his only reference to the leak, Kerry called the new material "overhyped," said that it was released in violation of the law and that it largely involves raw intelligence reports from the field. He said he thought the document release could jeopardize the U.S. mission there.

Despite strong opposition among liberals who see Afghanistan as an unwinnable quagmire, House Democrats must either approve the funding bill before leaving at the end of this week for a six-week vacation, or commit political suicide by leaving troops in the lurch in war zones overseas.

Sen. Kit Bond, R-Mo., the ranking Republican on the Senate Intelligence Committee, said Tuesday he worries that the leaks won't stop "until we see someone in an orange jump suit."

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Pentagon spokesman Geoff Morrell said the military doesn't know who was behind the leaks, although it has launched "a very robust investigation."

Morrell complained that too much was being made of the documents. Referring to files that detailed American suspicions that some Pakistani intelligence officials were aiding insurgents, Morrell insisted those concerns have abated in recent years and the relationship has improved.

The disclosures, he said, are "clearly out of step with where this relationship is now, and has been heading for some time."

Morrell was interviewed on CBS's "The Early Show" and Bond appeared on NBC's "Today" show.

Even as the administration dismissed the WikiLeaks material as outdated, U.S. military and intelligence analysts were caught up in a speed-reading battle to limit the damage contained in the once-secret files now scattered across the Internet.

The officials are concerned about the impact on the military's human intelligence network built up over the past eight years inside Afghanistan and Pakistan. Such figures range from Afghan village elders who have worked behind the scenes with U.S. troops to militants working as double agents.

Some documents withheld
Col. Dave Lapan, a Defense Department spokesman, said the military may need weeks to review all the records to determine "the potential damage to the lives of our service members and coalition partners."

WikiLeaks said it has behaved responsibly, even withholding some 15,000 records that are believed to include names of specific Afghans or Pakistanis who helped U.S. troops on the ground.

But former CIA director Michael Hayden denounced the leak Monday as a gift to America's enemies.

"If I had gotten this trove on the Taliban or al-Qaida, I would have called it priceless," he said. "I would love to know what al-Qaida or the Taliban was thinking about a specific subject in 2007, for instance, because I could say they got that right and they got that wrong."

Hayden predicted the Taliban would take anything that described a U.S. strike and the intelligence behind it "and figure out who was in the room when that particular operation, say in 2008, was planned, and in whose home." Then the militants would probably punish the traitor who'd worked with the Americans, he said.

Another casualty of the disclosures may be American efforts to forge cooperation with Pakistan's secretive intelligence agency, the Inter-Services Intelligence.

Multiple U.S. military cables posted by WikiLeaks complain about ISI complicity with the Taliban. And they also tell the Pakistanis "how much we know about them," said Robert Riegle, a former senior intelligence officer who now runs Mission Concepts Inc., a private intelligence firm.

"You're not going to see any cooperation," he said. "People are going to freeze."

The raw data released Sunday may also prove useful in a wider way to America's "frenemies" — the intelligence services of countries like China and Russia, who have the resources to process and make sense of such vast vaults of data, said Ellen McCarthy, former intelligence officer and president of the Intelligence and National Security Alliance.

Former CIA chief Hayden added: "If I'm head of the Russian intelligence, I'm getting my best English speakers and saying: 'Read every document, and I want you to tell me, how good are these guys? What are their approaches, their strengths, their weaknesses and their blind spots?'"

Copyright 2010 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

Video: After the data dump, damage control

  1. Transcript of: After the data dump, damage control

    WILLIAMS: Good evening.

    BRIAN WILLIAMS, anchor: a mountain of secrets, some big, some small, dumped into the public domain by a Web site , leaked by somebody on the inside, distributed by the news media -- all of it having to do with a long war still in progress; and now half of Washington is still pouring over 90-plus-thousand separate documents, and more may be on the way. We are among those still going through all of it. We begin tonight with our chief foreign affairs correspondent Andrea Mitchell in Washington . Andrea , what is it we have here, really? How damaging is it? What does it change? And what's this Web site all about?

    There's never been anything quite like it: Well, those are all big questions. Twenty-four hours later, Brian , everyone -- soldiers in the field to top national security officials -- are still trying to figure out whether this is a game changer. The release of so much raw intelligence on a Web site , with a war in progress, even as tonight the House voted to fund the president's troop surge in Afghanistan . Today I talked to the central player in this drama. Julian Assange is a lightning rod who has the whole world buzzing over the leaked secret documents about he war in Afghanistan posted on WikiLeaks , his Web site . The criticism started with the commander in chief. In his first comments about the national security controversy, today President Obama said he's concerned that leaked battlefield information could jeopardize troops or operations, but he says the disclosures won't change his war strategy.

    ANDREA MITCHELL reporting: The fact is, these documents don't reveal any issues that haven't already informed our public debate on Afghanistan .

    President BARACK OBAMA: And strong reaction from Joint Chiefs chairman Admiral Mike Mullen in Baghdad today.

    MITCHELL: I really am appalled by the leak, condemn the leak, and I believe that there is potential there to put American lives at risk.

    Admiral MIKE MULLEN: I asked Assange about that. Does that concern you at all?

    MITCHELL: Well, you know, whenever we release material exposing embarrassing actions or abuses, or crimes by an organization, there's always an attempt to underplay it or distract from the message. No, we believe, in fact, that the strength of this material is that it's from people on the ground.

    Mr. JULIAN ASSANGE: Assange is clearly an advocate and opponent of the war. WikiLeaks ' mission publishing secrets, from Sarah Palin 's personal e-mails to a Church of Scientology manual, to its release last May of the 2007 Apache helicopter gun camera video from Iraq showing the death of a dozen civilians, including two Reuters journalists. Assange , who once said `I enjoy crushing bastards,' is a 39-year-old Australian who studied physics, made a name for himself as a hacker, and was arrested for computer crimes before starting his whistle-blower Web site . This week he released 91,000 raw military documents online, but this time also to three traditional news organizations, including The New York Times , which vetted the material, it said, eliminating information that could put lives at risk.

    MITCHELL: I think WikiLeaks ' role in this was the role of a source. You don't get to choose your sources, and sources often come with their own agendas, their own ideology, their own motivations. The question is, how do you handle the material once you've got it?

    Mr. BILL KELLER (New York Times Executive Director): But it's a brave new world when journalists use sources like WikiLeaks .

    MITCHELL: It is a complicated, complex equation in this case. It really challenges the public to try and make sense of these -- not only the documents, but the process at play.

    Professor BOB STEELE (Depauw University Prindle Institute for Ethics): Tonight officials are still plowing through all of these documents, making their own damage assessment, knowing that tens of thousands of Pentagon , military and even private contractors have access to the same

    MITCHELL: And, Andrea , meantime, what's the immediate impact on the US fighting force in the field?

    secrets. Brian: Well, it certainly gives them new information, those who haven't had access to it, but no one thinks that they're going to change the way they provide this intelligence because it is a hallmark of the new war fighting that everyone have access to as much information as possible.

    WILLIAMS: All right.

    MITCHELL: Brian :

    WILLIAMS: As we continue to sort through it, Andrea Mitchell in our Washington newsroom to start us off. Andrea , thanks.



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