A huge unmanned rocket carrying a secret spy satellite for the United States roared into space Sunday to deliver what one reconnaissance official has touted as "the largest satellite in the world" into orbit.
The giant booster — a Delta 4 Heavy rocket — blasted off at 5:58 p.m. ET from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida, carrying a classified payload for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office.
"This mission helps to ensure that vital NRO resources will continue to bolster our national defense," Air Force Brig. Gen. Ed Wilson, commander of the 45th Space Wing, said after the successful launch.
The satellite, called NROL-32, launched after a series of delays from technical glitches. The most recent glitch, a pair of faulty temperature sensors, thwarted a Nov. 19 launch attempt.
The exact purpose of the new spy satellite NROL-32 is secret, but one NRO official has hinted at the huge size of the reconnaissance spacecraft.
In a Sept. 13 address at the Air Force Association's Air and Space Conference, NRO director Bruce Carlson, a retired Air Force general, told an audience that this Delta 4 Heavy rocket would launch "with the largest satellite in the world on it."
For comparison, in July 2009 a satellite called TerreStar-1 — touted as the world's largest commercial satellite ever built — launched into space atop an Ariane 5 rocket. TerreStar-1 is a 15,233-pound (6,910-kilogram) satellite equipped with a huge 60-foot (18-meter) antenna. Last week, the SkyTerra-1 mobile communications satellite launched with its own giant antenna, one that is about 72 feet (nearly 22 meters) across.
The Delta 4 Heavy rocket is the United States' biggest unmanned rocket currently in service and has 2 millions pounds of thrust, making it the most powerful liquid-fueled booster available today. A Delta 4 Heavy rocket stands 235 feet (72 meters) tall and is actually made up of three boosters, each called a Common Booster Core, arranged in a line to give it a three-column appearance.
The rocket is built and launched by the United Launch Alliance, a partnership between Lockheed Martin and Boeing. It made its first flight in 2004 and is capable of launching payloads of up to 24 tons into low Earth orbit and 11 tons toward the geosynchronous orbits used by communications satellites.
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Sunday night's launch marked the fourth liftoff of a Delta 4 Heavy rocket and the second satellite launch in three months for the NRO. An Atlas 5 rocket launched the NROL-41 reconnaissance satellite on Sept. 20.
In his address last month, Carlson said that the current plan for NRO satellite missions "is the most aggressive launch campaign that the National Reconnaissance Office has had in 20 years, almost a quarter of a century."
Carlson went on to say that new satellites are vital for the NRO's mission, and are needed to replace older satellites before they fail.
"The other thing I can tell you is these are very important, because they all go to update a constellation which is aging rapidly," Carlson said last month, according to an NRO transcript. "We bought most of our satellites for three, five or eight years, and we're keeping them on orbit for 10, 12 and up to 20 years."
"Now when I buy something people complain about how expensive it is, but nobody ever complains when it's time to die and it keeps right on ticking," Carlson added. "Some of these guys are like the Energizer bunny and they have really done marvelous work."
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