Image: Jamie Scott, Gladys Scott
Rogelio V. Solis  /  AP
Gladys and Jamie Scott wave from a vehicle as they leave the Central Mississippi Correctional Facility in Pearl, Miss., on Friday.
updated 1/7/2011 6:43:10 PM ET 2011-01-07T23:43:10

Sisters Jamie and Gladys Scott left prison on Friday for the first time in 16 years, yelling, "We're free!" and "God bless y'all!" as they pulled away in a silver sport utility vehicle. That freedom, though, comes with an unusual condition: Gladys has one year to donate a kidney to her ailing sister.

Now, with their life sentences for armed robbery suspended, their future is uncertain. Their children have grown up. Their family moved to Florida. They are using technology like cell phones for the first time. And questions abound: Who will pay for their medical care? Would Gladys' conditional release hold up in court? And perhaps the biggest mystery ahead: Are they a compatible match for the kidney transplant?

Mississippi Gov. Haley Barbour agreed to release Jamie Scott because of her medical condition, but 36-year-old Gladys Scott must donate the kidney within one year as a condition of her release. The women weren't eligible for parole until 2014. The supporters who fought for the sisters' release insisted that Jamie Scott may not live that long without a new kidney.

The sisters — who are black — and their case have been a cause celebre for civil rights advocacy groups.

The Scotts were convicted in 1994 of an armed robbery in central Mississippi on Christmas Eve the year before, according to court records. The robbery didn't net much; amounts cited have ranged from $11 to $200. The Scott sisters' attorney and advocacy groups have long argued that the life sentences they both received were excessive given the amount taken.

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An afternoon news conference for the sisters in Jackson was attended by dozens of supporters. Many cheered. Some sang. A few cried.

The sisters — Jamie wearing pink, Gladys wearing purple — sat smiling at a table, their hands clasped before them as their attorney, Chokwe Lumumba, thanked a list of advocacy groups who worked for their release.

"We just totally blessed. We totally blessed," Gladys Scott said. "It's been a long, hard road, but we made it."

Gladys said she learned about her release on television.

"I just started screaming and hollering. I'm still screaming and hollering," she said.

Image: Jamie Scott
Gladys Scott is donating a kidney to her sister.

Jamie said she looked forward to moving on with her life and doubted at times she'd ever be free, but she leaned on her faith.

"My sister been saying all day, 'You don't look well,'" she said. "I haven't woke up. It's like a dream."

Jamie said the reality of the situation will probably sink in when she sees her grown children, who were young kids when they went to prison. She said she would have a dialysis treatment Saturday morning in Florida.

Image: Jamie Scott
Jamie Scott will receive a kidney from her sibling.

The sisters are moving to Pensacola in the Florida Panhandle to live with their mother. They hope to qualify for government-funded Medicaid insurance to pay for the transplant and for 38-year-old Jamie Scott's dialysis, which officials said had cost Mississippi about $200,000 a year. A few doctors have expressed interest in performing the transplant, but there are no firm plans yet.

Barbour has not directly answered questions from The Associated Press about whether he would send Gladys Scott back to prison if she changes her mind or if she is not a suitable donor for her sister.

"All of the 'What if' questions are, at this point, purely hypothetical. We'll deal with those situations if they actually happen," Barbour said in a statement last week.

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However, the sisters' attorney, Lumumba, and Benjamin Todd Jealous, president and CEO of the NAACP, have said the governor's office assured them the transplant condition of release would not be enforced. And the American Society of Transplantation has called on Barbour to base his decision to release Gladys Scott on legal merits — not her willingness to donate an organ.

"The decision to donate an organ should be a truly selfless act, free from coercion and not conditioned on financial or any other material gain," American Society of Transplantation president Dr. Maryl R. Johnson said Friday in a statement.

Barbour, a two-term Republican, leaves office next January and has been considered a possible presidential candidate in 2012.

The sisters' supporters say Gladys Scott wants nothing more than to save her sister's life.

"I wanted to give my sister a chance to walk out that prison door," Gladys Scott said of the decision to offer her kidney. "I'm praying to God that I'm a match."

But several experts said the transplant condition could be interpreted as trading an organ for freedom, which could violate federal laws against selling organs.

The sisters would not discuss the crime during an afternoon news conference in Jackson.

One of the victims told the AP it's time to move on. Attempts to contact the other victim were unsuccessful.

Mitchell Duckworth said the women planned an ambush, then lured him and a friend onto a dark stretch of road where they were hit in the head with a shotgun and robbed. Duckworth said it's still hard for him to think about, even all these years later, but he's OK with the women leaving prison.

"I think it's all right as long as they've been there," Duckworth said Thursday in a telephone interview.

© 2013 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

Video: Overjoyed Scott sisters released from prison

  1. Transcript of: Overjoyed Scott sisters released from prison

    LESTER HOLT, co-host: Two Mississippi sisters once sentenced to life in prison for armed robbery are

    free women this morning. But they were released under one unusual condition: One sister must donate a kidney to the other. NBC 's Thanh Truong joins us live outside the family's home in Pensacola , Florida . Thanh , good morning.

    THANH TRUONG reporting: Lester , good morning to you. Gladys and Jamie Scott arrived here at their mother's house in the early morning hours and enjoyed their first night's rest as free women, this after a whirlwind 24 hours for the sisters. After 16 years behind prison walls...

    Ms. JAMIE SCOTT (Freed From Prison): Yay! We're free! We're free!

    Ms. GLADYS SCOTT (Freed From Prison): We're free!

    TRUONG: ... Gladys and Jamie Scott rode away as free women.

    Ms. J. SCOTT: Hey.

    TRUONG: One of their first stops...

    Ms. J. SCOTT: I'm feeling good, I'm feeling great.

    TRUONG: ... Gloria 's Kitchen , with cheers and hugs waiting.

    Ms. G. SCOTT: Hey!

    Unidentified Woman: Oh.

    TRUONG: The restaurant and its patrons longtime supporters of the sisters, who they say were unjustly punished.

    Ms. J. SCOTT: I know, I love macaroni.

    Ms. G. SCOTT: I love...

    Offscreen Voice #1: Hello. When was the last time you

    had......home cooking?

    Ms. G. SCOTT: Oh, 16 years ago.

    Unidentified Man: Hello! I get the first hug.

    Offscreen Voice #2: Free at last , free at last ! Thank God almighty!

    TRUONG: Sentenced to life in prison for their role in a 1993 armed robbery that yielded only a handful of cash...

    Crowd: Free at last ! Free at last !

    TRUONG: ...the sisters were released on the condition, and Gladys ' plan, that Gladys donate a kidney to Jamie , who's suffering from kidney failure .

    Ms. G. SCOTT: I was going to give it to her anyway if I could give it to her in prison.

    Offscreen Voice #3: That's right .

    Ms. G. SCOTT: Didn't nobody had to release me because if they would've let me give it to her when she -- her kidney first failed, I would've gave it to her without a shadow of a doubt . I love my sister.

    TRUONG: The Scotts agreed to sit down with us on the condition we ask no questions about the crime. After all these years , what does freedom feel like?

    Ms. G. SCOTT: We just blessed, and it feels so good to be able to walk outside and feel fresh air.

    Ms. J. SCOTT: Like a breath that I have been waiting for so long to take that I was holding inside, and once we was out those gate, it just -- just like it's just a relief.

    TRUONG: From Mississippi , they drove to Pensacola , Florida , back to loved ones anxiously waiting for their return. For the first time in 16 years, it'll be a life without bars. And there's a lot ahead for the sisters. They face a life on probation, and there's also the question of will the sisters be a match for kidney donation and how they'll pay for it. They'll face all of that free women and also with