Explainer: A Windy City political dynasty
In December, Richard M. Daley became Chicago’s longest-serving mayor, surpassing the late Richard J. Daley’s record of 7,916 days in office. Between father and son, this pair has governed the Windy City for 43 of the past 55 years. And now, there’s a Daley at the White House … Richard’s brother, William, is the president’s new chief of staff … a job that opened when Rahm Emanuel decided to run for mayor of Chicago. Here’s a look at three men and a Midwest political dynasty.
Richard J. Daley: Chicago’s 39th mayor
He was one of the most powerful Democrats in the nation — a veritable kingmaker. When John F. Kennedy considered running for president, his father, Joe, first sought Daley's blessing. Robert Kennedy said later during his own presidential campaign: "Daley is the ballgame." He ruled the city from his first term in 1955 until his death in 1976. Daley didn’t tolerate dissension, and discussions were notoriously terse. According to The Chicago Tribune, during City Council meetings, Alderman Leon Despres, a perennial Daley opponent, would often have his microphone shut off midsentence. In August 1968, Chicago hosted the Democratic National Convention, meant to showcase the city’s achievements to the world. But the mood was tense, heated by Vietnam protests and the recent assassinations of Martin Luther King, Jr. and Bobby Kennedy. Confrontations between protesters and police turned violent, with upsetting images broadcast on national television. When Sen. Abraham Ribicoff, in his convention speech nominating George McGovern for president, decried what he called the “Gestapo tactics in the streets of Chicago,” TV cameras caught Daley on the floor angrily gesturing and yelling at Ribicoff. Daley is credited with sparing the city from some of the economic woes that plagued other Midwest “Rust Belt” cities. Major construction during his terms in office resulted in O'Hare International Airport, the Sears Tower, the University of Illinois at Chicago campus, and numerous expressways.
Richard M. Daley: Chicago’s 45th mayor
Daley, a former Illinois state senator and state's attorney, was first elected mayor in 1989. His mayoral style is decidedly different than his father’s. He created a coalition of supporters, including Latinos and African-Americans. "He saw that a white ethnic working class no longer dominated the city," said Jon Teaford, a Purdue University urban historian, in The Chicago Tribune. "So while not repudiating his father, he felt he didn't need his roots, politically." With a style modeled after corporate CEOs, Daley’s efforts included the revitalization of Millennium Park, ongoing improvements to the city’s public school system, and the rebuilding of a decrepit Soldier Field. In 2006, a senior aide and other three other city officials were convicted of rigging the hiring process to reward those who worked for supposedly independent political organizations close to the mayor. Daley loved to praise "thinking outside the box" when it came to governing and would frequently return from trips abroad with ideas. Inspired by European models, Daley recently declared, “My goal is to make Chicago the most bicycle-friendly city in the United States.”
William M. Daley, White House chief of staff
Trading one Chicagoan for another, President Barack Obama selected Daley to be the next White House chief of staff as Rahm Emanuel leaves to throw his hat into the Windy City mayoral ring. “Needless to say, Bill also has a smidgen of awareness of how our system of government and politics works. You might say it is a genetic trait," Obama said, referencing the family’s political legacy. Daley helped craft successful campaigns to elect President Bill Clinton and was named commerce secretary in 1997. Daley was most recently Midwest chairman of JPMorgan Chase & Co. A Democratic centrist, Daley now serves as a liaison to business in a White House that has faced criticism from some as being anti-business. While Daley is soft-spoken, "he has all the toughness of the Daley family, and then some," said William Galston, a longtime Daley associate and now with the Brookings Institution, a liberal-leaning think tank.