ABIDJAN, Ivory Coast — Soldiers backing Ivory Coast's defiant leader on Thursday mowed down women protesting his refusal to leave power, killing six and shocking a nation where women's marches have historically been used as a last resort against an unrestrained army.
Because the army has shown no reserve in opening fire on unarmed civilians, the women decided this week to force their hand. They organized women-only marches in the commercial capital, assuming soldiers would be too ashamed to open fire.
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At least six were killed on the spot, said Mohamed Dosso, an assistant to the mayor of Abobo, who said he saw the bodies. The three-month old conflict in Ivory Coast has entered a new level of intensity. With each passing day, the regime of Laurent Gbagbo is proving it is willing to go to any length to stay in office following an election international observers say he lost.
Sira Drane, who helped organize the march, said she was holding the megaphone and preparing to address the large crowd that had gathered at a traffic circle in Abobo.
"That's when we saw the tanks," she said. "There were thousands of women. And we said to ourselves, 'They won't shoot at women.' ... I heard a boom. They started spraying us ... I tried to run and fell down. The others trampled me. Opening fire on unarmed women? It's inconceivable."
The incident prompted an immediate rebuke from the United States, which like most governments has called on Gbagbo to step down and has recognized his rival as the country's legitimate president.
"The moral bankruptcy of Laurent Gbagbo is evident as his security forces killed women protesters," said U.S. State Department spokesman P.J. Crowley in a Twitter message.
Nearly 400 people have been killed including 32 in the last 24 hours, almost all of them men who had voted for opposition leader Alassane Ouattara, according to U.N. figures and combined with deaths confirmed by The Associated Press.
Last week, Gbagbo's security forces entered the Abobo neighborhood and began shelling it with mortars, a shocking escalation indicating the army is willing to use war-grade weapons on its citizens. Before that, the bodies seen by reporters had bullet wounds where the point of impact was marked by a single stain of blood. Since the escalation, the bodies seen by reporters have arrived at the morgue in body bags dripping with blood.
A 14-year-old's corpse had hundreds of shrapnel wounds across the chest, and the doctor that attempted to save him last week said the wounds were the result of a fragmentation grenade, similar to those used in Iraq and Afghanistan.
In Abobo, the official in the mayor's office said that one of the women had been 'torn to pieces' by the barrage of gunfire.
"A woman," Dosso said in disbelief.
For days families carrying suitcases streamed out of the district in a massive exodus. At least 200,000 people have fled the suburb, said Guillaume Nguefa of the human rights division of the U.N. mission in Ivory Coast.
"In Abobo district, the government is using heavy-artillery weapons against people," he said.
Multiple delegations of African leaders have come through Abidjan, Ivory Coast's commercial hub, in an attempt to persuade Gbagbo to leave office. Gbagbo has rejected all their proposals and offers of amnesty, including the United State's offer of a professorship at a Boston university.
Gbagbo, a former history teacher, has refused to cede power even though U.N.-certified results showed he had lost the race by half-a-million votes to Ouattara. Instead, he demanded the U.N. leave the country and accused them of meddling in state affairs.
For months, his security forces led near-daily raids in places like Abobo, and the morgues began filling up with young men shot at point-blank range.
Last week, one of the morgues ran out of space, forcing workers to stack bodies on the floor. In January, the odor from the morgue could be smelled from the parking lot. Now, it projects itself across the street.
Ouattara's camp has in the last two weeks gone from a largely peaceful resistance to an armed one as well, led by rebels from the north and soldiers defecting from Gbagbo's army. During the heavy fighting that erupted on Saturday, they attacked army trucks and seized at least four, setting them on fire and killing all the soldiers inside.
They now occupy a large section of Abobo called PK-18 where the army has not dared enter for four days. Those attempting to enter must pass checkpoints every hundred yards (meters), where cars are searched by gunmen wearing amulets for protection, a practice widespread among the northern-based rebels.
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On Wednesday, a team of reporters from The Associated Press became the first to enter what is now being called the Autonomous Republic of PK-18. It took more than two hours to traverse a distance of only a few miles. The barricades were made of overturned furniture, discarded fridges and scorched military vehicles that the armed group attacked over the weekend in the bloodiest clashes to date against Gbagbo's soldiers.
Drane, the march organizer who is the executive secretary of the women's wing of the Democratic Republican Rally, Ouattara's party, said it was their idea to go out, because they could not stand seeing their men leave home.
"Every time that one of our men goes out, he is cut down," she said. "... And when a man falls, there is always a woman who suffers ... We want to say to Mr. Gbagbo who lost this election that he needs to leave."
Women's marches have a long history in Ivory Coast, and women have stepped in at critical moments, said Elizabeth Jouhair, a women's organizer with an umbrella party allied with Ouattara.
"Before independence, it was the women marched to Bassam to free our leaders from jail," she said. "Now it's our turn to free our president once more."
Associated Press writer Marco Chown Oved contributed to this report.
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