Video: Black populations dropping in big cities

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    >>> there is more hard evident tonight that many of america's cities are changing rapidly as a growing number of african- americans are leaving. families look for economic opportunities outside the rust belt , but there are other factor at play here as well. our report from nbc's kristen welker.

    >> hi, guys, we're home.

    >> reporter: meet the new modern family, the campbells. like many other middle class african- americans , they traded the city for suburbia, seeking a new life for their children.

    >> he wanted my girls to be able to have the diversity of different cultures and a better way of living, and have better schools.

    >> i think the suburbs represents to a lot of people getting that brass ring .

    >> reporter: william frye who crunched the latest census numbers found that over the past decade there's been an exodus of african- americans leaving major cities.

    >> you look at the cities that have the highest concentrations of african- americans . more than half of them are showing declines in the populations of those african- americans .

    >> reporter: the cities with the sharpest drops, traditional black strong holds including detroit, chicago, oakland, cleveland and atlanta. detroit lost a quarter of its entire population. one resident left every 22 minutes .

    >> african- americans have moved out of the city into the suburbs.

    >> reporter: blacks are moving from the north to the south, reversing a trend from the early 20th century when hundreds of thousands of blacks were moving in the opposite direction to escape racism and find work. experts say today's south is more welcoming.

    >> it's a kind of mainstreaming of a group that had been marginalized for so long in our history.

    >> reporter: families like the walkers now call the suburbs of atlanta home. they are recent transplants from ann arbor , michigan.

    >> this is like " leave it to beaver " the black version.

    >> reporter: the boomers are also finding new roots.

    >> some of them are older, and they are in some ways bringing part of the north back to the south.

    >> reporter: black families exploring new choices as color lines blend together in an increasingly diverse america. kristen welker, nbc news, los angeles .

    >> by the way, there's more information on this story, including the census numbers just out, and what they're telling us. we put it all on our website tonight, nightly.msnbc.com.

NBC News and news services
updated 3/22/2011 8:57:08 PM ET 2011-03-23T00:57:08

Hammered by the auto industry's slump, Detroit saw its population plummet 25 percent over the past decade, according to census data released Tuesday that reflects the severity of an economic downturn in the only state whose population declined since 2000.

The statistics show that the Motor City's population fell to 713,777 in 2010, compared to 951,270 in 2000. Although a significant drop was expected, state demographer Ken Darga said the number is "considerably lower" than the Census Bureau's estimate last year.

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"That's just incredible," added Kurt Metzger, a demographer with a Data Driven Detroit, a nonprofit that collects statistics used by area planners. "It's certainly the largest population loss percentage-wise that we've ever had in this city."

Detroit's population peaked at 1.8 million in 1950, when it ranked fifth nationally. But the new numbers reflect a steady downsizing of the auto industry — the city's economic lifeblood for a century — and an exodus of many residents to the suburbs.

Mayor Dave Bing disputed the new population data and plans to appeal. He said his city has at least 750,000 residents, which he called an important threshold for qualifying for some state and federal financial programs. He didn't say how so many people may have been missed.

City Council President Charles Pugh suggested that thousands of people "who are skeptical, distrustful of the government" avoided the count, such as convicted felons, illegal immigrants and residents who list suburban addresses to get lower car insurance.

The drop-off of more than 237,000 people in Detroit helped Michigan become the only state that suffered an overall population decline between 2000 and 2010, slipping 0.6 percent to 9,883,640. But the city, the state's largest, was not solely responsible for the dubious distinction.

The population fell 18 percent in Flint, another city heavily dependent on the auto industry and the birthplace of General Motors. Nearly half of the state's 83 counties lost residents, underscoring the ripple effect from Michigan's reliance on the ailing manufacturing sector.

Michigan has lost nearly 860,000 jobs since 2000, and its unemployment rate has long been among the nation's highest.

"The census figures clearly show how crucial it is to reinvent Michigan," Gov. Rick Snyder said. "It is time for all of us to realign our expectations so that they reflect today's realities. We cannot cling to the old ways of doing business."

That marks Michigan's first drop in black residents since statehood, and a historically significant change for a state that was long a magnet for blacks leaving the South to escape discrimination and seek jobs, said William Frey, a Brookings Institution demographer.

It's also a trend elsewhere, Frey told NBC News.

"When we look at the cities that have the highest concentrations of African Americans, more than half of them are showing declines in the populations of those African Americans," Frey said.

More recently, the housing crisis has accelerated foreclosures and driven down prices, which Metzger said has enabled more black families to buy houses in the suburbs.

"The next wave of ex-Detroiters with the same hopes and dreams has moved to the suburbs," he said.

Also the northward move by blacks has been reversed. Today's South is more welcoming for all ages.

"Some are older and retiring, connecting with cousins and genealogy and in some ways bringing the North back to the South," said Isabel Wilkerson, a journalism professor at Boston University.

Altogether, Michigan's cities lost 7 percent of their populations. Flint's population now stands at 102,434 residents. The capital city of Lansing suffered a 4 percent drop to 114,297, and even Grand Rapids — Michigan's second largest city, located in the less hard-hit western part of the state — was down 5 percent to 188,040.

Population increases were recorded in mostly suburban and some rural areas, the largest in counties on the fringe of metropolitan areas with large numbers of suburban commuters. Clinton County, north of Lansing, jumped 16.5 percent and Livingston County, between Detroit and Lansing, was up 15.3 percent.

Some rural areas fared badly. For example, the Upper Peninsula saw populations drop in 13 of its 15 counties, including a 13.3 percent drop — the worst statewide among counties — in far northwestern Ontonagon County.

Sharp increases were seen in Michigan's Asian and Hispanic populations.

The non-Hispanic Asian population was 236,490, up 35 percent over the decade — Michigan's fastest growing racial group — and now accounts for 2.4 percent of the state's residents. The state's Hispanic population grew by 34.7 percent, to 436,358, or 4.4 percent of the overall population.

The American Indian population inched up 1.3 percent to 54,665.

NBC News contributed to this report from The Associated Press.

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