updated 4/12/2011 11:37:33 AM ET 2011-04-12T15:37:33

After a marathon four-day bill drafting session, the House Appropriations Committee early Tuesday morning unveiled compromise legislation to fund the federal government for the remainder of the fiscal year and cut $38.5 billion from current spending levels.

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House Republican leaders struck a deal with Senate Democrats and the White House late Friday after pushing to cut $61 billion from current spending levels. GOP leaders hope to put the bill on the floor Wednesday, with Senate action expected Thursday. The current stopgap funding measure expires Friday.

Video: Lawmakers agree on budget, avoid shutdown (on this page)

Overall, labor, health, and education programs received a $5.5 billion cut from last fiscal year’s level, including the cancellation of 55 programs for savings of more than $1 billion. The final legislation prevents 218,000 low-income children from being removed from Head Start and rejects education grant funding that would have cost approximately 10,000 jobs and reduced educational services to 1 million students, according to Senate Appropriations Committee summary.

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Here’s where the spending cuts (and, in the case of Defense, the increases) come from:

TRANSPORTATION AND HOUSING. These programs would receive the largest cut under the compromise, $12.3 billion from fiscal 2010 levels, including a total of $2.9 billion in cuts for high-speed rail, $991 million in cuts to transit programs, and a $3.2 billion rescission of highway funding, including $630 million worth of old earmarks. The Department of Housing and Urban Development’s community development fund would get a $942 million cut.

SCIENCE. The continuing resolution also blocks funding for the establishment of a Climate Service at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; for the approval of new fisheries catch-share programs in certain fisheries; and for NASA and the Office of Science and Technology Policy to engage in bilateral activities with China.

AGRICULTURE. Agriculture programs would see $3 billion in cuts from fiscal 2010, including a $10 million cut to food and safety inspection, but the plan allows “for uninterrupted meat, poultry, and egg products inspection activities of the” Agriculture Department, the committee said. The USDA’s Special Supplemental Feeding Program for Women, Infants, and Children, also known as WIC, received $6.75 billion, which is a $504 million cut from the fiscal 2010 level.

ENERGY. Energy and water programs were reduced by a relatively modest $1.7 billion. The bill funds the Army Corps of Engineers at the president’s request level of $4.9 billion and supports existing applications for renewable energy loan guarantees at the Department of Energy.

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WASHINGTON, D.C. The compromise restores a long-standing provision against the use of federal and local funds for abortions in the District of Columbia, and includes the reauthorization of the D.C. Opportunity Scholarships, along with a $2.3 million funding increase, to stop the termination of the program and allow new students to participate.

HOMELAND SECURITY. A $784 million net reduction over last year, including a $786 million cut to Federal Emergency Management Agency first-responder grants and elimination of $264 million in funding that was previously targeted to earmarks.

DEFENSE. Funded at $513 billion in the CR, about $5 billion above last year. The bill also includes an additional $157.8 billion for overseas contingency operations (emergency funding).

The article, "What's in the Spending Bill," first appeared in the National Journal.

Copyright 2012 by National Journal Group Inc.

Video: Who won in weekend budget battles?

  1. Closed captioning of: Who won in weekend budget battles?

    >> the house is set to vote wednesday on this $38 billion budget deal. it's not clear how much of the support it's going to get. much of the support came from democrats who think that the white house gave away too much. karen bass is an assistant minority w.h.i.p. and served on the democrat be committee. he's one of the freshmen in the house. congresswoman, let me read you something that robert reich , former secretary in the clinton administration said. the right held the u.s. government hostage and "o," referring to president prk, paid most of the ransom, inviting more hort attach-taking. next is raising the debt ceiling. did the democrats get a bad deal here?

    >> we're going to be interested where the cuts are coming from. we know categorically where some of the cuts are coming from, but we have to seat specifics and we'll see the specifics this week. the vote the other day, i think, for the people who voted for it, a lot of the democrats, myself included, was really a vote to say we don't want the government to be shut down.

    >> sure.

    >> and we also wanted to end the hostage-taking which is essentially the way republicans were treating the whole affair.

    >> the democrats are in still in charge of the white house . democrats control the senate. how is it when you have two-thirds of the pie here and republicans have one-third of the pie, why did they get two-thirds of the deal?

    >> well, i don't know that i'd characterize it that way. but you know, it still has to pass, so what goes through the house, it can be stopped in the senate. but the republicans didn't get all that they wanted. so although i think $38 billion in cuts is high, just think about where they started. cutting 10,000 teachers. 65,000 kids off of head start . gutting the epa. at least we're going to have clean water and clean air . i'm thankful for that. but i do think we have to look at hr-1 which is where the republicans started.

    >> do you believe the entitlement programs need major reform, medicare , medicaid and social security ?

    >> we have to put everything on the table.

    >> i hear that all the time. do you think it needs major reform?

    >> i don't necessarily think it needs major reform. one thing i will say, before i got here, and i've only been here three months, last year, when reform was done, there was reform to medicare . that was part of what the deal was. so i do think we have to look at the solvency of the programs. i don't think under any circumstances that we should do what ryan is calling for which is essentially turning medicare into a voucher program and block medicaid . that would be devastating.

    >> if it becomes a block grant to states, i don't think people understand what that means, basically, how is a block grant different than how medicaid works?

    >> well, what happens specifically, if it was a block grant . let's say $100 that go to the states or $1 million, that's it. so if that had happened to california when we were in the midst of the worst recession since the great depression, it would have been extremely devastating.

    >> so you not only have a flat amount of money, it's not based on population?

    >> right.

    >> it's not based on the amount of medicare patients?

    >> it's not based on circumstances. so when the unemployment rate goes up, you have more people needing medicaid . for california, one of the things that saved us, frankly, from going off the cliff was when we had the economic stimulus and had increase in funding. when unemployment goes up, can you imagine in the early '80s with the aids epidemic if there had been a cap, people would have died.

    >> do you believe the president has to lay out a vision on reform? isn't that already conceded?

    >> i think you have to look at the opposite because if the president were to come out sand say, we're not going to touch, we're not going to examine any of this, them people would say, look at the deficit down the line. he has to at least put it on the table. the chopping block is another story. and the reforms that ryan is calling for i think are devastating. i think the fact that he says for medicare , he says, don't worry, it won't impact anybody that's 55 or older, i'm glad he took care of my generation, but he threw his own generation under the bus. he wants to make sure that his kids don't have a reduced standard of living . well, that's exactly what's going to happen. if you're under 55, when you hit 65, you're going to wind up suffering because you're not able to afford your health care .

    >> do you believe medicare has to continue to be a guaranteed benefit?

    >> i definitely agree.

    >> are you okay with raising the age given the fact we're living longer?

    >> i don't think we need to raise the age. i do think changes need to be done. i think the changes that were with health care reform last year in terms of benefits being reduced is a start. so i think it is important to examine things but making fundamental things, or using the deficit or raising the debt ceiling or using the budget crisis as an excuse to eliminate entitlement is i don't think appropriate.

    >> very quickly, you have to deal with vote counting. are you w.h.i.p.'ing for or against this budget deal.

    >> as w.h.i.p., i'm following steny hoyer .

    >> if he says you need the votes --

    >> i'm going to say we get the votes. that's my job.


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