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updated 5/2/2011 5:04:06 PM ET 2011-05-02T21:04:06

Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner is giving Congress a little more breathing room to negotiate a deal that would raise the nation's borrowing limit.

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In a new letter to congressional leaders, Geithner said Monday that he can delay an unprecedented default on the debt until Aug. 2, using a series of bookkeeping maneuvers to keep the government running. That's nearly a month longer than the July 8 deadline Geithner had previously cited.

The U.S. government will hit its $14.3 trillion borrowing limit on May 16. After that time Geithner can take such steps as removing investments from government employee and retiree pension funds to keep from going over the limit.

Video: Showdown over spending: Room for compromise? (on this page)

Republicans have said they will not vote to raise the debt limit until it reaches an agreement with the White House on further spending cuts.

The debt subject to limit stood at $14.24 trillion as of last Friday, $58.1 billion below the current limit. With Congress back from a two-week recession, negotiations are expected to begin in earnest this week on the debt limit.

Geithner said he will begin making moves on Friday to delay a default. At that time, the government will stop selling Treasury securities used by state and local governments to support their own sales of tax-exempt bonds. Treasury has suspended such sales six times over the past two decades, all in conjunction with previous debt fights. The last suspension was in 2007.

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The Treasury Department also announced Monday that it plans to sell $156 billion in debt during the current April-June quarter. It will be able to achieve those sales with the amount of room that still exists under the debt limit and the extra room made through Geithner's maneuvers.

Copyright 2011 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

Video: Geithner: Congress has to raise debt limit

  1. Transcript of: Geithner: Congress has to raise debt limit

    MR. GREGORY: Good morning. Millions of Americans will rush to file their tax return by tomorrow's deadline at a time when taxes are at the heart of the budget debate here in Washington . The spending fight and high gas prices, with a national average now of $3.83 a gallon, top of mind for the president's chief economic adviser, Treasury Secretary Tim Geithner . I sat down with him yesterday at the Treasury Department . There's so much to get to. I want to begin with the next big fight here in Washington . The government nearly shut down because this year's budget. Now there's the decision to raise the credit limit on America 's credit card, with the debt at $14 trillion. That is, raising the debt ceiling. Will the president agree, as Republicans demand, to tie spending cuts to an agreement to raise the debt ceiling?

    SEC'Y TIMOTHY GEITHNER: David , let me tell you how we're going to do this. Congress is going to have to raise the debt limit. They understand that. That's absolutely essential to preserve the creditworthiness of the United States of America. You know, we're a country that meets its obligations, and we have to meet our obligations, and they recognize that. I heard -- in fact, I heard the leadership tell the president that again on Wednesday.

    MR. GREGORY: But you hear so many Republicans saying, "No, no, there's got to be a deal here."

    SEC'Y GEITHNER: But, but, but as we do that, in parallel to that, we're going to work with the Republicans and Democrats and try and get people to come together on a long-term plan to bring our fiscal position back down towards balance so we're living within our means again. We have to do both those two things. And we're going to work very hard again to take advantage of this opportunity to get Democrats and Republicans to come together.

    MR. GREGORY: But does there have to be a link?

    SEC'Y GEITHNER: I think you can do these things in parallel. And I'll -- let me say it this way. You know, we're going to move forward, and we want -- again, we want Congress to put in place a comprehensive framework, a balanced framework, that can reduce our long-term deficits. And we're going to work hard to do that. But if, by the time we need to raise the debt limit, we haven't worked all that out, Congress still has to raise the debt limit. Again, leadership recognize that. They don't -- they know...

    MR. GREGORY: Or, or else what? Because they say a lot of your warnings are overblown. Those like Senator DeMint of South Carolina say those warnings about, you know, the catastrophe are overblown.

    SEC'Y GEITHNER: Oh, that's absolutely not the case. And again, I think -- I've spent a lot of time with Republicans and Democrats on this -- you know, I saw the Senate Finance Committee last week -- and they absolutely understand the stakes in this. And the leadership understand that you can't play around with this, you can't take it too long. And those people up there who are telling people that you can take this to the brink because it gives them some leverage, they're going to own the responsibility for the risk that creates for the American economy .

    MR. GREGORY: And what are the stakes?

    SEC'Y GEITHNER: Well, again, if you just think of it this way, if you allow people to start to doubt whether the United States of America will meet its obligations, that would be catastrophic, and we can't take that risk. But again, the responsible people up there understand that, and I'm very confident they'll do this. And I heard them say that, that to the president on Wednesday. Again, they said that, "We, we recognize we can't play around with this."

    MR. GREGORY: Do you think this risks another shutdown?

    SEC'Y GEITHNER: I don't think so. Again, I think if you, if you listen carefully -- I know there's a lot of politics in the moment, but if you listen carefully to what people are saying, a very important thing has happened. You've seen the Republican leadership say we need to try and cut about $4 trillion from our deficit over about 10 years. You saw a bipartisan fiscal commission the president established lay out basically the same target. And the president of the United States on Wednesday laid out a balanced, responsible plan that achieves about the same level of deficit reduction over about the same period. We take a little longer because we want to go a little more gradually. But when you have leadership of Republicans and Democrats saying that, "This is the right thing to do for the economy now. We all agree on how much you have to do," that's very important. And what we like to -- Congress to do is, again, before we get too far into June we want Congress to agree on concrete targets, deadlines, timelines, and an enforcement mechanism that will force Congress to live within its means over the next three to five years.

    MR. GREGORY: OK, but one more on the debt limit. When he was Senator Obama , he voted against raising the debt limit in 2006 .

    SEC'Y GEITHNER: He did. And he said...

    MR. GREGORY: And he said, he said at the time that the debt problem was a, quote, "failure of leadership , and Americans deserve better." Look, the debt has gone up 35 percent during his presidency. Is that also a failure of leadership ?

    SEC'Y GEITHNER: You know, you, you heard him say this week that that was a mistake. He recognized that's a mistake, and he recognizes that's not something you can play politics with. You know, Steny Hoyer said in the -- on the floor something similar earlier this year. He said that, "I thought this was something you could demagogue. I was wrong at that point. Not something you can play politics with." Again, that it's -- this is a absolutely critical thing for people to understand. This is about the trust and confidence in the American people , and the world is watching us. Markets around the world are watching Washington to see whether this political leadership , Republicans and Democrats , understand that we need to get on with it and start to bring down the long-term deficits. And, of course, as we do that, as we work that out, Congress will pass the debt limit.

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