Image: Abdel Hakim Belhaj
Francois Mori  /  AP
Libyan rebels' Tripoli military commander Abdel Hakim Belhaj gestures during an interview with the Associated Press in Tripoli, Libya, on Aug. 31. Abdel Hakim Belhaj, a former leader of an Islamic militant group that sent fighters to Iraq and Afghanistan, insisted Friday that the new Libya will shun extremism and won't become a breeding ground for terrorism.
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updated 9/5/2011 5:17:40 PM ET 2011-09-05T21:17:40

A British inquiry into the country's pursuit of terrorism suspects will examine new allegations about cozy ties between U.K. intelligence officials and Moammar Gadhafi's regime, Prime Minister David Cameron said Monday.

Security documents discovered after the fall of Tripoli have offered embarrassing examples of the warm relationships that British and American spies had developed with their Libyan counterparts.

The trove of files document efforts by the CIA and Britain's overseas intelligence agency MI6 in advising Gadhafi's regime on ending its international isolation. In return, the Western agencies won close cooperation as they hunted al-Qaida linked terrorism suspects.

Story: Chinese firms reportedly offered arms to Gadhafi forces

Files discovered among tens of thousands of papers collected from an External Security building in Tripoli show how Abdel-Hakim Belhaj, now Libya's rebel military commander, was targeted for rendition.

Belhaj, who was seized in Bangkok in 2004 and delivered to Tripoli, alleges that U.S. and British intelligence planned his capture and were later involved in his interrogation.

Cameron said a government-commissioned study — known as the Detainee Inquiry — being led by retired appeals court judge Peter Gibson must consider the allegations in its examination of Britain's conduct in the years after the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks on the United States.

The British leader said there were significant accusations "that under the last government relations between the British and Libyan security services became too close, particularly in 2003."

Lawmaker Jack Straw, who was Britain's foreign secretary in 2003, said that his previous Labour Party government opposed torture or mistreatment, but acknowledged that it was "entirely right" that the inquiry examine claims Britain offered inappropriate support to Tripoli.

In one letter uncovered in Tripoli, dated Dec. 24, 2003, a British official thanks Gadhafi's then-spy chief Moussa Koussa for a gift of a "very large quantity of dates and oranges."

Koussa defected from Gadhafi's regime and flew to Britain in March, where he was questioned for several weeks by intelligence officials.

In a public statement in April, Koussa — who also served as Libya's foreign minister — acknowledged he had strong ties with a number of British officials.

"I personally have relations, and good relations, with so many Britons. We worked together against terrorism and we succeeded," said Koussa, who later left Britain for Doha, Qatar.

Cameron said that Gibson's inquiry panel would examine issues around relations with Libya. The inquiry's primary focus is to consider allegations put forward by former Guantanamo Bay detainees who accuse Britain of being complicit in their mistreatment.

"The inquiry has already said it will look at these latest accusations very carefully," Cameron told the House of Commons.

In a statement, the inquiry said it would look "at the extent of the U.K. government's involvement in, or awareness of, improper treatment of detainees — including rendition."

Andrew Tyrie, a British lawmaker who heads a group of legislators investigating so-called extraordinary rendition, said he hoped the British inquiry would get to "the truth about alleged British complicity in the kidnap and torture of detainees."

Cameron confirmed that Mahmoud Jibril, the head of the Libyan rebels' acting Cabinet, has assured Britain that the country's post-Gadhafi regime would assist British police hunting the killer of a policewoman shot dead outside the Libyan embassy in London in 1984.

Since the NATO-led air campaign began in Libya on March 19 British fighter jets have flown 2,400 sorties — about one fifth of the total, Cameron told the House of Commons. He said that the mission would not end until the threat from Gadhafi loyalists had been fully suppressed.

"Those thinking NATO will somehow pull out or pull back must think again. We are ready to extend the NATO mandate for as long as is necessary," he said.

Britain re-established a diplomatic mission in Tripoli Monday, and the U.K. along with its NATO partners will assist Libya's interim government is bringing Gadhafi to justice, Cameron said.

"There must be no bolthole, no pampered hiding place from justice. He must face the consequences of his actions, under international and Libyan law," he told legislators.

Cameron said Britain's top diplomat in Libya and other officials would move from a current base in Benghazi to Tripoli to prepare to reopen the U.K. embassy.

He also repeated calls for Syrian President Bashar Assad to stand down, and to halt violence which the United Nations estimates has seen 2,200 people killed since a crackdown on protests began mid-March.

"The achievement of the Libyan people gives hope to those across the wider region who want a job, a voice and a stake in how their society is run," Cameron said. "The message to President Assad must be clear: he has lost all legitimacy and can no longer claim to lead Syria. The violence must end."

Copyright 2011 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

Video: UK probe to examine intelligence ties to Libya

Photos: Tripoli following Gadhafi's fall

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  1. Libyans celebrate as they tear down the infamous statue of a fist gripping a U.S. fighter jet in Moammar Gadhafi's Bab al-Aziziyia compound on Aug. 26, 2011, in Tripoli. Gadhafi had the sculpture installed in front of a house in the compound that was bombed in 1986 on the orders of U.S. President Ronald Reagan. Photojournalist Benjamin Lowy reports that this day was quiet in the war-torn streets of Tripoli, as Muslims took part in Friday prayers during this month of Ramadan. The streets were still dangerous, but the gun battles had quieted substantially. (Benjamin Lowy / Reportage by Getty Images for msnbc.com) Back to slideshow navigation
  2. Libyan rebels sleep in Gadhafi's tent inside the Bab al-Aziziyia compound. The compound was overrun earlier this week, both a physical and symbolic signal of Gadhafi's crumbling grip on power. (Benjamin Lowy / Reportage by Getty Images for msnbc.com) Back to slideshow navigation
  3. Two Libyan rebels walk through Gadhafi's secret underground tunnels that line the compound. (Benjamin Lowy / Reportage by Getty Images for msnbc.com) Back to slideshow navigation
  4. A Libyan helps collect dead bodies from a roundabout at the south entrance of the Bab al-Aziziyia compound. Groups of Libyans began collecting bodies from several neighborhood in the city and delivering them to morgues. (Benjamin Lowy / Reportage by Getty Images for msnbc.com) Back to slideshow navigation
  5. A golden cart of unknown use lies abandoned inside the looted Bab al-Aziziyia compound. (Benjamin Lowy / Reportage by Getty Images for msnbc.com) Back to slideshow navigation
  6. A Libyan drags away his haul after looting the remains of the Bab al-Aziziyia compound. (Benjamin Lowy / Reportage by Getty Images for msnbc.com) Back to slideshow navigation
  7. Several boxes of American-made ammunition for grenade launchers lie in the dusty grass outside theTripoli airport. (Benjamin Lowy / Reportage by Getty Images for msnbc.com) Back to slideshow navigation
  8. A Libyan rebel leaves his AK-47 standing as he relaxes outside the international terminal at the airport. (Benjamin Lowy / Reportage by Getty Images for msnbc.com) Back to slideshow navigation
  9. Little remains following a NATO bombing at the site of the infamous Abu Salim prison facility offices. Many Libyans knew friends or relatives who were prisoners or who were executed in the Gadhafi-era jail. (Benjamin Lowy / Reportage by Getty Images for msnbc.com) Back to slideshow navigation
  10. Rebels aim their weapons at a suspected Gadhafi loyalist sniper who targeted the Corinthian hotel, home to a large cadre of international journalists and the future headquarters of the Libyan National Transitional Council. (Benjamin Lowy / Reportage by Getty Images for msnbc.com) Back to slideshow navigation
  11. The effigy of a Libyan state broadcaster, responsible for communicating much of the Gadhafi government's propaganda, hangs from a wall. (Benjamin Lowy / Reportage by Getty Images for msnbc.com) Back to slideshow navigation
  12. Garbage bags and refuse line the streets of Tripoli after months of revolution that caused the suspension of many civil services. (Benjamin Lowy / Reportage by Getty Images for msnbc.com) Back to slideshow navigation
  13. Several cars drive over a carpet featuring the face of Gadhafi at a rebel traffic checkpoint. (Benjamin Lowy / Reportage by Getty Images for msnbc.com) Back to slideshow navigation
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