Image: Trucks carrying supplies for NATO forces in Afghanistan parked at Pakistan's Torkham border crossing
Str  /  AFP - Getty Images
Trucks carrying supplies for NATO forces in Afghanistan are parked at the Pakistan's Torkham border crossing after Pakistani authorities suspended NATO supplies Friday.
NBC, msnbc.com and news services
updated 11/27/2011 1:19:51 AM ET 2011-11-27T06:19:51

Pakistan has blocked vital supply routes for U.S.-led troops in Afghanistan and demanded Washington vacate a base used by American drones after coalition aircraft allegedly killed 24 Pakistani troops at two posts along a mountainous frontier that serves as a safe haven for militants. The incident Saturday was a major blow to American efforts to rebuild an already tattered alliance vital to winding down the 10-year-old Afghan war. Islamabad called the bloodshed in one of its tribal areas a "grave infringement" of the country's sovereignty, and it could make it even more difficult for the U.S. to enlist Pakistan's help in pushing Afghan insurgents to engage in peace talks. A NATO spokesman said it was likely that coalition airstrikes caused Pakistani casualties, but an investigation was being conducted to determine the details. If confirmed, it would be the deadliest friendly fire incident by NATO against Pakistani troops since the Afghan war began a decade ago. The White House said senior U.S. civilian and military officials extended condolences to their Pakistani counterparts following the airstrike. The unidentified officials also expressed a desire to work with Pakistan to investigate the deaths. Video: US-Pakistani relations severely damaged (on this page) Supply 'contigencies'
Col. Gary Kolb, spokesman for the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force in Kabul, said the aircraft were taking part in a strike that was a coordinated effort with ISAF, Pakistani military and the Pakistani border authorities, NBC News reported. He said they had responded to small arms fire, according to NBC News. Asked to confirm that it was retaliatory, he said yes. ISAF was still determining the exact circumstances. "This has the highest priority to ensure that we get all the facts straight," Kolb said, NBC News reported. A prolonged closure of Pakistan's two Afghan border crossings to NATO supplies could cause serious problems for the coalition. The U.S., which is the largest member of the NATO force in Afghanistan, ships more than 30 percent of its non-lethal supplies through Pakistan. The coalition has alternative routes through Central Asia into northern Afghanistan, but they are costlier and less efficient. Kolb noted that even if some of supply routes through Pakistan were closed, there were "contingencies built into the system" to deal with these types of disruptions. Pakistan temporarily closed one of its Afghan crossings to NATO supplies last year after U.S. helicopters accidentally killed two Pakistani soldiers. Suspected militants took advantage of the impasse to launch attacks against stranded or rerouted trucks carrying NATO supplies. The government reopened the border after about 10 days when the U.S. apologized. NATO said at the time the relatively short closure did not significantly affect its ability to keep its troops supplied. But the reported casualties are much greater this time, and the relationship between Pakistan and the U.S. has severely deteriorated over the last year, especially following the covert American raid that killed Osama bin Laden in a Pakistani garrison town in May. Islamabad was outraged that it wasn't told about the operation beforehand. Losing air base for drones?
The government announced it closed its border crossings to NATO in a statement issued after an emergency meeting of the Cabinet's defense committee chaired by Pakistani Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani. It also said that within 15 days the U.S. must vacate Shamsi Air Base, which is located in southwestern Baluchistan province. The U.S. uses the base to service drones that target al-Qaida and Taliban militants in Pakistan's tribal region when they cannot return to their bases inside Afghanistan because of weather conditions or mechanical difficulty, said U.S. and Pakistani officials, speaking on condition of anonymity to discuss sensitive strategic matters. The government also plans to review all diplomatic, military and intelligence cooperation with the U.S. and other NATO forces, according to the statement issued after the defense committee meeting. Video: White House treads lightly around Pakistan situation (on this page) The White House said that senior U.S. civilian and military officials had expressed their condolences to their Pakistani counterparts. The White House statement said the officials expressed "our desire to work together to determine what took place, and our commitment to the U.S.-Pakistan partnership which advances our shared interests, including fighting terrorism in the region." The White House statement did not address Pakistan's decision to block supply routes for the war in Afghanistan or its demand that the U.S. vacate the drone base. 'Blatant and unacceptable'
The Pakistani army said Saturday that NATO helicopters and fighter jets carried out an "unprovoked" attack on two of its border posts in the Mohmand tribal area before dawn, killing 24 soldiers and wounding 13 others. The troops responded in self-defense "with all available weapons," an army statement said. Pakistan army chief Gen. Ashfaq Parvez Kayani condemned the attack, calling it a "blatant and unacceptable act," according to the statement. A spokesman for NATO forces, Brig. Gen. Carsten Jacobson, said Afghan and coalition troops were operating in the border area of eastern Afghanistan when "a tactical situation" prompted them to call in close air support. It is "highly likely" that the airstrikes caused Pakistani casualties, he told BBC television. "My most sincere and personal heartfelt condolences go out to the families and loved ones of any members of Pakistan security forces who may have been killed or injured," Gen. John Allen, the top overall commander of U.S. and NATO forces in Afghanistan, said in a statement. The border issue is a major source of tension between Islamabad and Washington, which is committed to withdrawing its combat troops from Afghanistan by the end of 2014. Much of the violence in Afghanistan is carried out by insurgents who are based just across the border in Pakistan. Coalition forces are not allowed to cross the frontier to attack the militants. However, the militants sometimes fire artillery and rockets across the line, reportedly from locations close to Pakistani army posts. American officials have repeatedly accused Pakistani forces of supporting — or turning a blind eye — to militants using its territory for cross-border attacks. But militants based in Afghanistan have also been attacking Pakistan recently, prompting complaints from Islamabad. Mountaintop posts
The two posts that were attacked Saturday were located about 1,000 feet apart on a mountain top and were set up recently to stop Pakistani Taliban militants holed up in Afghanistan from crossing the border and staging attacks, said local government and security officials. There was no militant activity in the area when the alleged NATO attack occurred, local officials said. Some of the soldiers were standing guard, while others were asleep, they said, speaking on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to talk to the media. Pakistan army spokesman Maj. Gen. Athar Abbas said map references of all of the force's border posts have been given to NATO several times. Video: Pakistan blaming NATO for soldiers' deaths (on this page) Pakistan's prime minister summoned U.S. Ambassador Cameron Munter to protest the alleged NATO strike, according to a Foreign Ministry statement. It said the attack was a "grave infringement of Pakistan's sovereignty" and could have serious repercussions on Pakistan's cooperation with NATO. Munter said in a statement that he regretted any Pakistani deaths and promised to work closely with Islamabad to investigate the incident. The U.S., Pakistan, and Afghan militaries have long wrestled with the technical difficulties of patrolling a border that in many places is disputed or poorly marked. Saturday's incident took place a day after a meeting between NATO's Gen. Allen and Pakistan army chief Gen. Ashfaq Parvez Kayani in Islamabad to discuss border operations. The meeting tackled "coordination, communication and procedures ... aimed at enhancing border control on both sides," according to a statement from the Pakistani side. The U.S. helicopter attack that killed two Pakistani soldiers on Sept. 30 of last year took place south of Mohmand in the Kurram tribal area. A joint U.S.-Pakistan investigation found that Pakistani soldiers fired at the two U.S. helicopters prior to the attack, a move the investigation team said was likely meant to notify the aircraft of their presence after they passed into Pakistani airspace several times. A U.S. airstrike in June 2008 reportedly killed 11 Pakistani paramilitary troops during a clash between militants and coalition forces in the tribal region.

NBC News' Atia Abawi in Kabul, The Associated Press and Reuters contributed to this story.

Video: US-Pakistani relations severely damaged

  1. Transcript of: US-Pakistani relations severely damaged

    LESTER HOLT, anchor: The already strained relationship between the US and its wartime ally, Pakistan , has been further stretched toward the breaking point after a NATO air attack killed 24 Pakistani soldiers. It happened this morning in a pair of border outposts. The circumstances surrounding the attack remain murky and notably Washington has not directly accepted blame. Tonight, Pakistani officials are calling the incident a grave infringement of the country's sovereignty and have moved to cut off critical support to the American-led war effort in neighboring Afghanistan . Let's go to NBC 's Atia Abawi in Kabul now who's got the latest for us. Atia :

    ATIA ABAWI reporting: Good evening, Lester . Well, today's attack was not only a tremendous loss for Pakistan 's military, it was perhaps the most damaging incident for US-Pakistani relations in years. Pakistan responded quickly today, closing its two border crossings into Afghanistan , cutting off the main supply routes for US and NATO forces within hours of the NATO attack . NATO aircrafts were apparently responding to enemy fire from the volatile and sometimes undefined border.

    Brigadier General CARSTEN JACOBSON (International Security Assistance Force): Close air support was called in in the development off the tactical situation. And it is what highly likely caused Pakistan casualties.

    ABAWI: At least two dozen Pakistani troops were killed at two military posts in the Mohmand Agency at the border. Pakistan 's government called the attack unprovoked, indiscriminate and intolerable.

    Mr. YUSUF RAZA GILANI (Pakistani Prime Minister): Today at 2:00 in the morning there was an attack on Pakistan , an attack on Pakistan 's solidarity and independence.

    ABAWI: In addition to closing the border crossings , the government ordered the United States to vacate an air base in northern Pakistan it reportedly uses to launch CIA drone operations. Even before today's attack , there were deep strains in US-Pakistani relations. In May, when US forces crossed into Pakistan and killed Osama bin Laden , the government was furious because it had not been told of the operation. Last year, Pakistan closed one of its border crossings for about 10 days when US helicopters accidentally killed two Pakistani soldiers. The US then apologized. Today's incident comes just one day after Marine General John Allen , the commander of NATO forces in Afghanistan , met with the head of Pakistan 's army to improve coordination among US, Afghan and Pakistani forces .

    Colonel JACK JACOBS, Retired (NBC News Military Analyst): We look at it from a strategic standpoint. Why can't we identify Pakistanis across the border and not bomb them? But for the guy on the ground, if somebody's trying to kill you, you're going to try to kill him back.

    ABAWI: In recent months, Afghan officials have also asked for better coordination among the forces along the border because of Pakistani rockets being fired into Afghanistan killing civilians. Pakistan claims that they were fired at insurgents and not civilians. Lester :

    HOLT: Atia Abawi in Kabul this evening, thank you.

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