Video: EU, Microsoft can't reach resolution staff and news service reports
updated 3/18/2004 10:49:00 AM ET 2004-03-18T15:49:00

Last-minute antitrust settlement talks between the European Union and Microsoft failed to end in resolution, the EU's antitrust chief said Thursday. The regulatory agency will propose a ruling against the software giant next week. Microsoft has vowed to appeal a negative EU ruling. (MSNBC is a Microsoft-NBC joint venture.)

“We made substantial progress toward resolving the problems that had arisen in the past but we were unable to agree on commitments for future conduct,” EU Competition Commissioner Mario Monti said. “It was impossible to achieve a satisfactory result in terms of setting a precedent.”

Microsoft said it will appeal any negative antitrust decision from the European Commission next week, a company official said.

“The parties have agreed to disagree and we’ll look for the clarity that the court will be able to offer,” Horacio Gutierrez, associate general counsel for the Microsoft's European operations, said in a telephone interview. “Today is just another step in what could be a long process.”

Gutierrez said the two sides were able to agree on all of the issues in the case, “but we were unable to agree on a single formula that would provide a solution for issues outside the case," echoing Monti's earlier sentiments.

Monti said he would propose a fine — expected to reach hundreds of millions of dollars — when his draft decision goes to the full European Commission, the EU’s executive branch, on Wednesday.

Ruling seen passing easily
After winning unanimous backing from the 15 EU governments last week, the ruling is expected to pass easily.

Microsoft is accused of unfairly grabbing market share from rival companies by “bundling” its own version of their products with Windows — the operating system in the majority of personal computers worldwide.

Microsoft says that benefits consumers, but rivals claim it’s unfair competition intended to drive them out of business.

The charge was similar to the 1990s Internet browser war in the United States, where Microsoft was found guilty of using illegal means to protect its Windows monopoly. But a 2001 settlement with the Bush administration allowed it to continue integrating its Internet Explorer with Windows.

Sources say the EU’s draft ruling also finds Microsoft guilty of monopolistic behavior — setting a precedent in Europe — and goes beyond the U.S. remedies.

The EU is demanding that Microsoft offer computer makers in Europe a discounted version of Windows without its Media Player pre-installed, so that rivals like RealNetworks Inc.’s RealOne Player and Apple’s QuickTime have a better shot at reaching consumers.

In addition, the draft is expected to require the company to release more underlying Windows code so rival server software companies like Sun Microsystems Inc. can interface as well with computers running Windows.

In exchange for a settlement, Monti was seeking commitments that could have made the impact more global and also help resolve other EU antitrust cases pending against Microsoft, sources said on condition of anonymity.

More recent investigations
EU officials last year began investigating competitors’ charges that Microsoft’s latest desktop operating system, Windows XP, is designed to help extend Microsoft’s dominance into new markets such as instant messaging and mobile phones.

Microsoft’s next version of Windows, due in 2006, is expected to include a Web search engine and other features.

Sources said Microsoft had made a last-minute offer to include rival media programs with Windows, along with its own, to settle the case and avoid an “unbundling” order that could interfere with its business strategy.

But at a news conference, Monti said “In the end I had to ... decide what was best for competition and consumers in Europe.

“I believe competition and consumers will be better served with a decision that creates a strong precedent ... that will set clear principles for the future conduct of a company with such a strong, dominant position in the market.”

Monti, however, praised the “constructive and cooperative spirit” and “high degree of professionalism” of the Microsoft negotiating team, which over the past two days included Microsoft chief executive Steve Ballmer himself.

Monti would not comment on the size of the fine he would seek. The figure will be presented on Monday to the advisory committee of national regulators for review before going to the Commission.

Microsoft could appeal to the Luxembourg-based Court of First Instance and later to the European Court of Justice — a procedure that could take several years. Microsoft could also ask the court to suspend any order to change its behavior pending a final ruling.

Antitrust experts say it’s still too early to judge whether Microsoft would be granted an injunction or win on appeal.

The Associated Press and Reuters contributed to this report.


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