Raz Lederman, courtesy of Tel Beth Shemesh Excavations
A seal unearthed at Beth Shemesh, Israel, seems to depict a man fighting a lion.
updated 8/14/2012 12:09:39 PM ET 2012-08-14T16:09:39

An ancient seal slightly smaller than a penny apparently depicts a man fighting a lion, which archaeologists believe could be an early reference to the biblical tale of Samson.

The find doesn't prove that the legendary strongman, who was said to have torn apart a lion as if it were a "young goat," actually lived, but it does "anchor the story in an archaeological setting," said Tel Aviv University archaeologist Shlomo Bunimovitz.

The seal was found at Beth Shemesh, an archaeological site between the ancient cities of Zorah and Eshtaol, about 12 miles (20 kilometers) west of Jerusalem. Archaeologists date the seal to the 12th century B.C.

"If we are right and what we see on the seal is a representation of a man meeting a lion, it shows that the Samson legend already existed around the area of Beth Shemesh during that time period," Bunimovitz said in a statement. "We can date it quite precisely."

  1. Science news from NBCNews.com
    1. NOAA
      Cosmic rays may spark Earth's lightning

      All lightning on Earth may have its roots in space, new research suggests.

    2. How our brains can track a 100 mph pitch
    3. Moth found to have ultrasonic hearing
    4. Quantum network could secure Internet

Samson's tale, told in the Book of Judges, is one of cross-border communication and conflict.

According to legend, Samson was of the Dan tribe of Israelites, born near where the Israelite, Philistine and Canaanite borders met. Samson seeks a wife among the Philistine people and is on his way to secure the marriage when he meets the lion and kills it with his bare hands. The marriage engagement goes sour due to a feud between Samson and the bride-to-be's relatives, and ends with Samson slaughtering multiple Philistines and setting fire to their crops using torches tied to the tails of foxes. That story has been depicted in a mosaic dating back to A.D. 400 or 500.

These stories represent the anxiety people felt about the fuzzy borders between their civilizations, according to Zvi Lederman, who co-directs the Beth Shemesh excavations with Bunimovitz.

"When you cross the border, you have to fight the enemy and you encounter dangerous animals. You meet bad things," Lederman said in a statement. "These are stories of contact and conflict, of a border that is more cultural than political."

Follow Stephanie Pappas on Twitter @sipappas   or LiveScience @livescience.  We're also on Facebook   and Google+.

© 2012 LiveScience.com. All rights reserved.


Discussion comments


Most active discussions

  1. votes comments
  2. votes comments
  3. votes comments
  4. votes comments