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Photos: 2013

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  1. A Free Syrian Army (FSA) fighter takes up position inside a room as he aims his weapon behind sandbags in the old city of Aleppo on Nov. 29, 2013. (Mahmoud Hebbo / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  2. A boy reacts after an airstrike by pro-government forces on the city of Aleppo on Nov. 28. Syria's war has killed more than 120,000 people and forced millions more to flee their homes. (Mohammed al-Khatieb / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  3. Iraqi and Lebanese Shiite fighters from a group called the Hussein Brigade arrest a member of the Sunni-dominated Free Syrian Army in the town of Hatita, near Damascus, on Nov. 22. (Jaber al-Helo / AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  4. A Free Syrian Army fighter throws a homemade bomb towards forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad in Deir al-Zor on Nov. 20. (Khalil Ashawi / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  5. Refugees fleeing the Syrian town of Qara wait to register with aid agencies in the Lebanese border town of Arsal on Nov. 18. Hundreds of Syrians queued in the bleak winter rain seeking refuge from a Syrian army attack which could herald a wider offensive north of Damascus. The attack on Qara drove an estimated 1,200 families across the frontier. (Mohamed Azakir / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  6. 16-year-old Faris, left, and 13-year-old Ahmed, who allegedly fight alongside opposition fighters from the Sadeq Al-Amin Brigade, are pictured in the Salah al-Din neighborhood of Aleppo on Nov. 16. The army has been pressing to retake rebel-held areas in Aleppo and jihadist fighters have called for mass mobilisation to counter regime advances. (Karam al-Masri / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  7. Carcasses of dead cows lie on the ground due to cattle feed shortages in the Duma neighborhood of Damascus on Nov. 12. (Bassam Khabieh / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  8. The destruction in Homs, Syria, is seen in an image obtained on Nov. 12. The image came from a camera attached to a tiny drone aircraft which rebels say belonged to forces loyal to Syria's President Bashar al-Assad. Free Syrian Army fighters claimed that they brought down the remote-controlled miniature aircraft using frequency interference. (Free Syrian Army / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  9. Editor's note:
    This image contains graphic content that some viewers may find disturbing.

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    The body of a Syrian child, who was killed a day earlier in a mortar attack on a school bus, lies inside a coffin in front of al-Mujtahed Hospital in Damascus on Nov. 12. Syrian state television reported on Nov. 11 that four children and their driver were killed when mortar shells hit a school bus in Bab Sharqi. Mortar rounds also hit a school and a church in the wealthy Qassaa area just outside the city walls, injuring a further 11 children, the broadcaster reported. The two areas are predominantly Christian and lie near a front line between government and rebel forces at Abbaseen Square, on the eastern edge of central Damascus. (EPA) Back to slideshow navigation
  10. Forces loyal to Syria's President Bashar Assad demonstrate combat movement during a graduation ceremony for a new batch of special forces at an undisclosed location on Nov. 11, 2013, in this image released by Syria's official news agency. (SANA via Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  11. A fighter from the Tawhid Brigade, which operates under the Free Syrian Army, prepares homemade rockets to be thrown towards the 80th Brigade base in Aleppo, controlled by forces loyal to Syria's President Bashar Assad, on Nov. 11. (Molhem Barakat / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  12. A Syrian refugee child cries as he receives a polio vaccinationat one of the Syrian refugee camps in the southern port city of Sidon, Lebanon, on Nov. 7, following an outbreak of the crippling and highly communicable disease in neighboring Syria. Lebanon, which hosts more than 800,000 Syrian refugees, said it would vaccinate all children under age five. (Mohammad Zaatari / AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  13. A father reacts while trying to search for his daughters under the rubble at a site hit by what activists say was an air strike by forces loyal to Syrian President Bashar Assad in the Duma neighborhood of Damascus on Nov. 4. (Bassam Khabieh / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  14. Mohammad, a 13 year-old fighter with the Free Syrian Army (FSA), aims his weapon as he runs from snipers loyal to the Syrian regime in Aleppo's Bustan al-Basha district Oct. 29. Mohammad joined the FSA after his father died during clashes with the Syrian regime. The gun he is using was his father's. (Molhem Barakat / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  15. Syrian families leave the besieged town of al-Mouadamiya, which is controlled by opposition fighters, on Oct. 29. A rare moment of coordination between the Syrian government and rebels enabled 1,800 civilians to flee a besieged town, but thousands remain trapped with little food, water or medicine. (Khaled Al-Hariri / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  16. Free Syrian Army fighters stand at the Tameko pharmaceutical factory, after the FSA claimed to have taken control of the factory, in eastern al-Ghouta, near Damascus Oct. 27. (Bassam Khabieh / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  17. A fighter from Islamist rebel group Jabhat al-Nusra poses at a checkpoint in Aleppo's Bustan al-Qasr, Oct. 26. (Molhem Barakat / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  18. Two injured men are transported on a fruit barrow in Aleppo following shelling as fighting between pro-government forces and rebels continued, Oct. 26. More than 115,000 people are estimated to have been killed, millions uprooted from their homes and tens of thousands trapped by the relentless fighting. (Karam Al-Masri / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  19. Syrian refugees hold their hand up in the air as they try to cross a bridge in northeastern Syria without the authorization from the Kurdistan Region Government (KRG) based in northern Iraq, on Oct. 23. The group of more than 150 Syrians looking for refuge attempted to cross, but after waiting an hour on the bridge they were turned back. This crossing has been closed since the end of May, allowing only humanitarian aid and those who are ill through. (Mauricio Morales / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  20. A fire burns at a gasoline and oil shop in Aleppo's Bustan Al-Qasr neighborhood, Oct. 20. (Aref Hretani / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  21. The site of an alleged car bomb that hit the government-held city of Hama on Oct. 20. "A violent explosion shook the Sinaa highway in Hama city, followed by intense gunfire" the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said. "Several people were killed or wounded" reported state television.

    Editor's note: Photo released by the state-run Syrian Arab News Agency (SANA). (SANA via AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  22. A Free Syrian Army fighter throws a homemade mortar in Deir al-Zour, Oct. 10. (Khalil Ashawi / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  23. People ride a motorcycle with their belongings past damaged buildings in Deir al-Zor, Oct. 9. (Khalil Ashawi / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  24. Free Syrian Army fighters take positions behind a damaged car as they fire their weapons during an offensive against forces loyal to Assad in Aleppo's Salaheddine neighborhood, Oct. 9. Tires and other objects are set on fire to provide cover from the snipers. (Malek Alshemali / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  25. An inspector from the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) working at an undisclosed place in Syria Oct. 8. UN disarmament inspectors began dismantling Syria's chemical weapons arsenal on Oct. 6 with the aim of completely eliminating it by mid-2014. (Syrian Television via EPA) Back to slideshow navigation
  26. The grandchildren of Mohammed Kale play on a swing inside their family house in Kfar Lata, a ghost village at the top of a mountain subdued under heavy shelling and bombardments in the Idlib province. The sprawling, three-generation family refuses to leave their home, a boxy, multi-story concrete apartment. (AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  27. A group of activists from Raqqa eat during an excursion to the Euphrates river in al-Tabaqa city, Raqqa, Oct. 4. (Nour Fourat / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  28. One of nine newly-released Lebanese hostages who were held by rebels in northern Syria kisses his wife upon his arrival at Beirut international airport, Oct. 19. A plane with nine Lebanese hostages freed from northern Syria landed safely in Beirut, nearly a year and a half after the men were captured by Syrian rebels near the Turkish border. (Mohamed Azakir / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  29. Men perform a folk sword dance as people watch on the first day of Eid al-Adha in the besieged area of Homs Oct. 15. (Yazan Homsy / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  30. An opposition fighter watches over the positions held by government forces during skirmishes in Telata village, a frontline located at the top of a mountain in Idlib province, on Sept. 29. (AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  31. Ahmed al-Fikri helps his 12-year-old son Abdo al-Fikri with his homework at their house on Sept. 29 in Madaya village in the Idlib province of Syria. The school Abo attends recently re-opened after being closed for a year because of the ongoing conflict. (AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  32. From left, Abboud, 12, and his brother Deeb, 14, walk with their weapons in Aleppo's Sheikh Saeed neighborhood on Sept. 28. The brothers, both school-going children before the civil war, joined the Free Syrian Army after the deaths of two of their brothers and an uncle in the conflict. (Muzaffar Salman / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  33. A displaced Syrian woman comforts her one-month-old grandchild Fatima on Sept. 27 inside a stone house near Kafer Rouma, Syria, a village in northern Syria that has come under shelling by President Bashar Assad’s forces during the country’s civil war. The ancient ruins are being used as temporary shelter by those families who have fled the heavy fighting and shelling. Fatima's family fled their home in the village to the giant stone blocks and centuries-old walls so that Fatima’s mother could give birth in relative safety. (AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  34. Syrian children attend class on Sept. 26 at the public school in Madaya village as classes begin in the Idlib province of Syria. Millions of Syrian children, most of them in government-controlled areas, have returned to school in the past two weeks, despite the conflict that according to UNICEF has left 4,000 Syrian schools -- or one in five --damaged, destroyed or sheltering displaced families. (AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  35. A Syrian man with more than half his body burned from an air strike leaves a field hospital to go back home in Idlib province, northern Syria, on Sept. 22. (AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  36. A Syrian metal worker shows grenades ready to be delivered to rebel fighters at a factory in the city of Aleppo on Sept. 21. The factory employees used to work as metal lathe operators and welders before the start of the war. All mortar shells and grenades they now produce are made from scratch. (Jm Lopez / EPA) Back to slideshow navigation
  37. Abu Mohammad, 39, holds a homemade rocket in his gun shop in the Fardos district of Syria's northern city of Aleppo on Sept. 21. While most Syrians get poorer with every day of war, Mohammad, Aleppo's main gun seller, is doing just fine by selling firearms, including rocket-propelled grenades, ammunition and even swords. (Jm Lopez / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  38. Free Syrian Army fighters take cover moments after firing a rocket at government forces in Kafr Nboudah village, Idlib province, northern Syria, on Sept. 20. (AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  39. Syrian regime forces are greeted along a street leading into Syria's ancient Christian town of Maalula, scene of fighting between pro-government troops and rebel forces, on Sept. 18. The town lies around 34 miles from Damascus and is strategically important for rebels, who are trying to tighten their grip on Damascus. Maalula is one of the most renowned Christians towns in Syria, where many of its inhabitants speak Aramaic, the language of Jesus. (Anwar Amro / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  40. A Syrian opposition fighter rests inside a cave at a rebel camp in Idlib province on Sept. 17. (AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  41. Mohammad Zayed, second from right, an Aleppo University student, shows Syrian citizens hows to put on protective gear with rudimentary means in response to a chemical attack, in the northern Syrian city of Aleppo on Sept. 15. For two months, Zayed has been training a group of 26 civilians in the hope they can respond to a chemical attack. (Jm Lopez / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  42. Free Syrian Army fighters play pool as they rest in the old city of Aleppo on Sept. 9. (Hamid Khatib / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  43. "CBS This Morning" co-host Charlie Rose, left, interviews Syrian President Bashar Assad at the Presidential Palace in Damascus, Syria, in this Sept. 9, handout photo. Assad said he doesn’t know if American military intervention in Syria will have any consequences, but he warned Rose during the interview that Americans should “expect everything.” (CBS News / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  44. A soldier wears a picture of Syrian President Bashar Assad on his chest at Al-Hamidieh market in old Damascus, Sept. 8. (Khaled Al-Hariri / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  45. Ten-year-old Issa carries a mortar shell in a weapons factory of the Free Syrian Army in Aleppo, on Sept. 7. Issa works with his father in the factory for ten hours every day except Fridays. (Hamid Khatib / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  46. Editor's note:
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    A man carries a wounded child after a reported air strike by Syrian government forces in the rebel-held northwestern Syrian province of Idlib on Sept. 5. (Abu Amar Al-Taftanaz / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  47. Syrian President Bashar Assad speaks with French newspaper Le Figaro in Damascus on Sept. 2. Taunting President Barack Obama as weak and ineffectual, Assad claimed in the interview that his accusers — including the White House and the French government — have no evidence that his regime killed more than 1,000 people in a chemical weapons attack. (SANA via EPA) Back to slideshow navigation
  48. A rebel fighter and a child cross a damaged bridge in Syria's eastern town of Deir Ezzor on Sept. 2. (Abo Shuja / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  49. A rebel fighter takes aim at Syrian government forces in the northern Syrian city of Aleppo on Sept. 1. (Louai Abo Al-jod / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  50. A convoy of United Nations vehicles, carrying the UN team of weapons inspectors, crosses into Lebanon from Syria, at the Lebanese border crossing point of Masnaa on Aug. 31. The UN team of inspectors was investigating reports of alleged chemical weapon use by the Assad government. (EPA) Back to slideshow navigation
  51. A Free Syrian Army fighter watches President Barack Obama's speech with his family in Ghouta, Damascus, on Aug. 31. In the speech, Obama backed away from an imminent military strike against Syria to seek the approval of the U.S. Congress in a decision that likely delays U.S. action for at least 10 days. (Mohamed Abdullah / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  52. Syrian refugees arrive in Turkey after crossing the Cilvegozu gate at Reyhanli, in Antakya, on Aug. 30, 2013. (Bulent Kilic / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  53. An Kurdish armed-fighter of the Committees for the Protection of the Kurdish People holds a position behind sand bags on Aug. 29, about outside of the Kurdish town of Derik. In recent weeks dozens of militants were killed as Kurdish and Arab rebels clashed in Syria's northeastern Hasaka province. (Alice Martins / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  54. Free Syrian Army fighters react during the launching of a rocket towards forces loyal to Syria's President Bashar Assad in Deir al-Zor on Aug. 29. (Khalil Ashawi / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  55. A U.N. chemical weapons expert, wearing a gas mask, holds a plastic bag containing samples from one of the sites of an alleged chemical weapons attack in the Ain Tarma neighborhood of Damascus, on Aug. 29. A team of U.N. experts left their Damascus hotel for a third day of on-site investigations into apparent chemical weapons attacks on the outskirts of the capital. (Mohamed Abdullah  / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  56. A Free Syrian Army fighter dives into a crater filled with water in Deir al-Zor on Aug. 27. The crater was caused by what activists said was shelling by forces loyal to Syrian President Bashar Assad. (Khalil Ashawi / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  57. Refugees who fled the violence in Syria walk through a new refugee camp in the outskirts of the city of Arbil in Iraq's Kurdistan region on Aug. 26. (Azad Lashkari / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  58. Syrian men evacuate a victim following an air strike by regime forces in the northern city of Aleppo, Syria, on Aug. 26. (Abo Al-nur Sadk / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  59. U.N. chemical weapons experts visit a hospital where people who were injured by an apparent gas attack are being treated, in the southwestern Damascus suburb of Mouadamiya, on Aug. 26. U.N. chemical weapons inspectors in Syria met with and took samples from victims of an apparent poison gas attack in the rebel-held suburb of Damascus on Monday. Earlier on Monday, the U.N. team survived a sniper attack that hit a vehicle in their convoy. (Abo Alnour Alhaji / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  60. Syrian army soldiers evacuate a comrade injured during heavy clashes with Syrian rebels in the Jobar neighborhood of Damascus, Syria, on Aug. 24. Editor's note: This photo was taken on a government organized tour. (AP) Back to slideshow navigation
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    Blood covers the walls and furniture of a restaurant after a suicide bombing, at al-Basel Sport city in Aleppo, on Aug. 22. A suicide bomber wearing an explosive belt blew himself up in the crowded restaurant during a private party, killing at least seven people according to Syria's national news agency SANA. (George Ourfalian / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
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    A man holds the body of a dead child among bodies of people activists say were killed by nerve gas in Ghouta, in the Duma neighborhood of Damascus, on Aug. 21, 2013. Activists and rebel fighters accused Syrian President Bashar Assad’s forces of killing hundreds of civilians - including many women and children - in chemical weapons attacks. (Bassam Khabieh / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  63. A man walks inside the damaged historical old souk of Homs on Aug. 19. (Yazan Homsy / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  64. A Free Syrian Army fighter smiles while seated on a truck pulling an improvised mortar launcher as a fellow fighter stands on a back of another truck mounted with an anti-aircraft gun in al-Ghouta region in the eastern suburbs of Damascus on Aug. 17. (Mohamed Abdullah / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  65. People search for survivors under the rubble of collapsed buildings after what activists said was shelling by forces loyal to Bashar Assad in Aleppo's Bustan al-Qasr district on Aug. 16. (Saad Abobrahim / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  66. Men carry a wounded girl rescued from under rubble after what activists said was shelling by forces loyal to Bashar Assad in Aleppo's Bustan al-Qasr district on Aug. 16. (Zaid Rev / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  67. Thousands of Syrians stream across a bridge over the Tigris River to enter the autonomous Kurdish region of northern Iraq on Aug. 15. Faced with brutal violence and soaring prices, thousands of Syrian Kurds have poured into Iraq, seeking respite from privation and fighting between Kurdish fighters and jihadists. (Galiya Gubaeva / UNHCR via AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  68. Free Syrian Army fighters hold their weapons as they pose for a picture in Jobar, Damascus, on Aug. 8. (Mohamed Abdullah / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  69. A Free Syrian Army fighter rests inside a house in Aleppo's Karm al-Jabal district on Aug. 6. (Loubna Mrie / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  70. LEFT: A picture uploaded on the official page of the Syrian Presidency on Facebook shows Syria's first lady Asma al-Assad serving an iftar meal for orphans and displaced families at an orphanage in Damascus on Aug. 4, a few days before the end of the holy fasting month of Ramadan.

    In addition to Facebook, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad's office has also been using a new Instagram account to post photographs of him greeting supporters and images of his wife visiting hospital patients.

    RIGHT: Syria's President Bashar al-Assad walks with military personnel during his visit to a military site in the town of Daraya, southwest of Damascus, on the 68th anniversary of army day, in this photo distributed by Syria's national news agency, SANA, on Aug. 1, 2013. Assad said he was confident of victory against rebels and made a symbolic visit to the town once overrun by insurgents but now mostly retaken by his army. (Syrian Presidency via Facebook/AFP - Getty Images; SANA via Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  71. Syrian government forces patrol on a tank in a devastated street on July 31 in the al-Khalidiyah district of Homs. The Syrian government announced the capture of Khalidiyah, a key rebel district in Syria's third city and a symbol of the revolt against President Bashar al-Assad. (Joseph Eid / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  72. An aerial view shows the destruction in the Khalidiya district of Homs on July 26, 2013. Syrian troops drove insurgents from the central district of Homs, tightening their siege on remaining rebel bastions in the city, which links Damascus to the Mediterranean heartland of President Bashar al-Assad's Alawite sect. (Shaam News Network / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  73. Syrian men rush a heavily wounded man to a hospital in Saraqeb in northwestern Syria after a barrel bomb dropped by an air force helicopter exploded less than 33 feet away from his car on July 20. The Syrian air force kept up a fierce campaign against Saraqeb and staged 10 air strikes, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, killing several people and injuring many others. (Daniel Leal-Olivas / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  74. A man buys eggs before the time for iftar, or breaking fast, during the Muslim fasting month of Ramadan, at the Karaj Al-Hajez crossing in Aleppo on July 18. The Karaj Al-Hajez crossing is a passageway separating rebel-controlled Bustan al-Qasr and the regime-controlled Al-Masharqa neighborhood. The buses are piled up to shield people from snipers. (Muzaffar Salman / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  75. An aerial view shows the Zaatari refugee camp on July 18, near the Jordanian city of Mafraq, some 5 miles from the Jordanian-Syrian border. Visiting the Zaatari refugee camp in northern Jordan, Kerry met six representatives of its 115,000-strong population, all of whom appealed to him to create no-fly zones and set up humanitarian safe havens inside Syria. The Obama administration has boosted assistance to the Syrian opposition but has noted grave complications and astronomic costs in enforcing no-fly zones or protecting the opposition on Syrian soil. (Mandel Ngan / Pool via AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  76. A Free Syrian Army (FSA) fighter rests on a sofa as he watches television and surveillance monitors inside a room in Aleppo's Karm al-Jabal district July 15. (Muzaffar Salman / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
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    Khaled Baour weeps as he holds the body of his three-year-old son before his burial on July 14. The boy was killed alongside his 14-year-old sister Safia after a shell landed on their home as they gathered to break the fast in Maaret Al-Numan in Syria's southern Idlib province. (Daniel Leal Olivas / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  78. Syrian rebels head to the town of Bsankol in the northwestern province of Idlib to join comrades fighting regime forces for the control of the highway that connects Idlib with Latakia on July 11. Simmering hostility between Syria's mainstream rebels and jihadists has erupted into naked violence, with a Free Syrian Army commander in the coastal province of Latakia being shot dead by an al Qaeda front group. (Daniel Leal Olivas / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  79. An opposition fighter stands over seven-year-old Ahmad Jabir, who was injured alongside some his family members by a shell, at a hospital in the town of Al-Bara, in Syria's northwestern province Idlib on July 8. The town of Al-Bara has been under regular shelling after clashes between rebel forces and the Syrian army began around the highway that connects the Idlib and Latakia provinces. (Daniel Leal Olivas / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  80. Rebel fighters look up and listen as they take positions during clashes with pro-government forces in the Salaheddine district of the northern Syrian city of Aleppo, July 9. (Jm Lopez / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  81. A rebel fighter passes through an access hole broken in the perimeter of a soccer field, close to the front line where clashes between the rebels and pro-government troops on the outskirts of the northern city of Aleppo, on July 4. (Daniel Leal Olivas / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  82. A Free Syrian Army fighter dives into a swimming pool inside a house in the old city of Aleppo on June 24. (Muzaffar Salman / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  83. Syrian girls walk with their mother as she turns to look at smoke billowing from shells dropped on the town of Al-Bara in the northwestern province of Idlib on June 24. (Daniel Leal Olivas / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  84. Actress Angelina Jolie, left, holds a baby during a visit with a family of Syrian refugees in their apartment in Amman, Jordan, June 19. (O. Laban-Mattei / UNHCR via AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  85. Members of the Free Syrian Army fire a homemade rocket toward forces loyal to the Syrian regime in Deir al-Zor on June 16. (Khalil Ashawi / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  86. Fighters from Iraq's Islamist Shiite militias celebrate before departing to Syria from Baghdad, June 11. Syria is splintering the Middle East along a divide between the two main denominations of Islam, becoming a battlefield in a proxy war between Assad's main regional ally, Shiiite Iran, and his Sunni enemies in Turkey and the Gulf Arab states. As the Syrian war grinds into its third year, sectarian killings are increasing, while hardline Sunni clerics are declaring Jihad or holy war on the Shi'ites of Syria, Iraq and Lebanon. (Thaier Al-sudani / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  87. Smoke from brush fires set off by stray mortar bombs fired during fighting between forces loyal to the Syrian regime and rebels is seen near the Quneitra border crossing between Israel and Syria in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights on June 7. (Ammar Awad / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  88. A student wears a headlight, due to a shortage of electricity, as he takes his year-end examinations at a school in Aleppo's al-Sha'ar district on June 5. (Muzaffar Salman / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  89. Editor's note:
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    Forces loyal to Syria's President Bashar Assad stand near dead bodies who they say were members of the Free Syrian Army in the al-Mansoura area in Aleppo's countryside on June 2. (George Ourfalian / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  90. A house burns beside sandbags after what activists say was a strike by forces loyal to Syrian President Bashar Assad in Damascus on June 1. (Ammar Al-Arbeeni / Shaam News Network via Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  91. Iraqi Shiite fighters salute at the shrine of Sayeda Zeinab, the granddaughter of Prophet Muhammad, in Damascus on May 25. Many foreign fighters have volunteered to be custodians of Shia holy sites during Syria's civil war. The two-year-old conflict pits insurgents, most of whom are drawn from the country's Sunni majority, against Iranian-allied President Bashar al-Assad and an elite dominated by his Alawite minority, whose faith is an offshoot of Shiite Islam. (Alaa Al-Marjani / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  92. Syrian troops take control of the village of Western Dumayna, some seven kilometers (4 miles) north of the rebel-held city of Qusayr, on May 13. Syrian troops captured three villages in the strategic Qusayr area of Homs province, allowing them to cut supply lines to rebels inside Qusayr town, a military officer told AFP. (Joseph Eid / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  93. A man surveys the aftermath of an explosion in Reyhanli in Turkey's Hatay province on May 11. Two car bombings in Reyhanli on May 11 killed more than 50 people. Turkey has accused Syria of involvement in the two bombings, which fanned fears that Syria's civil war is dragging in neighboring states. Damascus denies any role. (Aykut Unlupinar / Anadolu Agency via EPA) Back to slideshow navigation
  94. Syria's President Bashar al-Assad walks among his supporters during the inauguration of a memorial, dedicated to university students who died during the country's ongoing civil war, at Damascus University on May 4, in this photo distributed by SANA, Syria's national news agency. (SANA via Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  95. Editor's note:
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    This citizen journalism image provided by Edlib News Network, ENN, and released on Saturday, May 4, 2013, which has been authenticated based on its contents and other AP reporting, shows dead bodies in Banias, Syria. Thousands of Sunni Muslims fled a Syrian coastal town Saturday, a day after reports circulated that dozens of people, including children, had been killed by pro-government gunmen in the area, activists said. (Edlib News Network via AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  96. A man holding a water cooler runs to avoid a sniper in Aleppo's Salaheddine neighborhood on April 28. (Zaid Rev / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  97. Syrian women walk past the destruction at Dar Al-Shifa hospital in the northern city of Aleppo on April 21, 2013. (Miguel Medina / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  98. A boy from the Druze community holds a Syrian flag with the image of Syria's President Bashar al-Assad during a rally marking Syria's Independence Day in the Druze village of Buqata in the Golan Heights on April 17, 2013. Israel captured the Golan Heights from Syria in the 1967 Middle East war and annexed the territory in 1981, a move not recognized internationally. (Baz Ratner / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  99. Syrian men evacuate a woman who was wounded after shelling by government forces in the northern city of Aleppo on April 15, 2013. (Dimitar Dilkoff / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  100. Syrians inspect a damaged car at the scene of a bombing near Sabaa Bahrat Square, one of the capital's biggest roundabouts, in Damascus on April 8, in this photo released by Syria's official news agency. The bomb rocked a busy residential and commercial district in central Damascus, killing more than a dozen with many more injured and sending a huge cloud of black smoke billowing over the capital’s skyline, Syrian state-run media said. (SANA via AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  101. A Free Syrian Army fighter is seen in a tunnel in Deir al-Zor on April 6. The 30-meter (98-feet) tunnel was dug under an area where Syrian Army forces have set up base in Deir Al-Zor, according to members of the Free Syrian Army. (Khalil Ashawi  / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  102. A bust of late Syrian President Hafez al-Assad, father of the current president, hangs from a broken window in Deir al-Zor on April 2. (Khalil Ashawi / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  103. Animals carcasses lay on the ground March 23, four days after they were killed by what residents said was a chemical weapon attack in the Khan al-Assal area, near the northern city of Aleppo. The United Nations said it would investigate Syria's allegations that rebel forces used chemical weapons in the attack near Aleppo, but Western countries sought a probe of all claims concerning the use of such banned arms. The deaths of 26 people in that rocket attack became the focus of competing claims from Syrian President Bashar al-Assad's supporters and opponents, who accuse each other of firing a missile laden with chemicals. (George Ourfalian / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  104. Demonstrators chant slogans and dance during a protest against Syria's President Bashar al-Assad in the Bustan al-Qasr district of Aleppo on March 22. (Giath Taha / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  105. A Syrian woman carries her child outside their makeshift house at a refugee camp in the village of Atme, Idlib province, Syria, near the Turkish border, on March 17. The conflict has forced more than 1 million Syrians to seek refuge abroad and millions more have been internally displaced. (Bulent Kilic / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  106. Nader, a 20-year-old fighter of the first batch of the Al-Tawhid Brigade, is kissed by his father, who is also a fighter in the same brigade, as Abo Abedi, commander of the brigade, looks on before Nader's wedding ceremony in Aleppo's countryside city of Al-Bab, on March 15, in Syria. A mass wedding took place for 14 members of the first batch of the Al-Tawhid Brigade, which operates under the Free Syrian Army, in Al-Bab. (Giath Taha / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  107. A Syrian rebel crosses a street while trying to dodge sniper fire in the old city of Aleppo, Syria, on March 11. Syria warned on March 12 that it is ready to fight "for years" against rebels, as world powers worked on a new initiative to find regime officials suitable for peace talks with the opposition. (Jm Lopez / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  108. A Free Syrian Army fighter mourns at the grave of his father who was killed by what activists said was shelling by forces loyal to Syria's President Bashar Assad, in a public park turned graveyard in Deir el-Zor, Syria, on March 11. (Khalil Ashawi / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  109. Members of the Free Syrian Army work on an improvised mortar shell in Deir al-Zor, Syria, on March 8. (Khalil Ashawi / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  110. Free Syrian Army fighters carry their weapons and cheer as they drive in the northeastern provincial capital of Raqqa after capturing it, on March 4, in Syria. Opposition sources and residents said rebel fighters captured Raqqa on Monday and toppled a statue of President Bashar Assad's father, in what would be the first major city to be captured since the revolt erupted in March 2011. EDITOR'S NOTE: Photo distributed by the opposition-affiliated Shaam News Network. (Mohamed Al-husain / Shaam News Network / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
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    Free Syrian Army fighters carry their weapons as they pose next to bodies of forces loyal to Syria's President Bashar Assad in the Al-Khalidiya neighborhood of Homs, Syria, on March 3. EDITOR'S NOTE: Photo distributed by the opposition-affiliated Shaam News Network. (Thair Al-khalidieh / Shaam News Network / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  112. Kurdish female members of the Popular Protection Units stand guard at a checkpoint near the northeastern city of Qamishli, Syria, on March 3. (Manu Brabo / AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  113. Nihal, 9, puts olive tree branches inside a wooden stove at an underground Roman tomb that is used for shelter from Syrian government forces shelling and airstrikes, at Jabal al-Zaweya, in Idlib province, Syria, on Feb. 28. Across northern Syria, rebels, soldiers, and civilians are making use of the country's wealth of ancient and medieval antiquities to protect themselves from Syria's 2-year-old war. The structures are built of thick stone that has already withstood centuries, and are often located in strategic locations overlooking towns and roads. (Hussein Malla / AP) Back to slideshow navigation
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    A man comes to the aid of an injured woman near the site of a large explosion in Damascus on Feb. 21, in an image made available by the state-run news agency, SANA. Syrian state media said the car bombing near the Baath Party headquarters and the Russian Embassy was a suicide attack. (SANA via EPA) Back to slideshow navigation
  115. A girl returning from school cries upon seeing her destroyed house after a missile strike in the al-Myassar neighborhood of Aleppo on Feb. 20. (Muzaffar Salman / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  116. Syrians survey the destruction following an apparent surface-to-surface missile strike on the northern Syrian city of Aleppo on Feb. 19, in this image released by Syria's opposition-run Aleppo Media Centre (AMC). Six children were among at least 19 people killed in an apparent surface-to-surface missile strike on the northern Syrian city of Aleppo late on Feb. 18, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said. (AMC via AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  117. Um Jaafar, a female fighter in the Free Syrian Army, sits in front of other women undergoing military training in Aleppo on Feb. 17. A group of women, including Umm Jaafar, are undergoing military training to form the Nazek Obeid group as part of the Sawt al-Haq (Voice of Rights) battalion, which is based on the frontline of Aleppo's Sheikh Saeed neighborhood. Um Jaafar was a women's hairdresser before the revolution and was trained by her husband Abu Jaafar, a Sawt al-Haq battalion commander, to be part of Sawt al-Haq. (Muzaffar Salman / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  118. Syrian rebels fire a mortar towards regime forces stationed at Kwiriss airport in Al-Bab, 30 kilometers from the northeastern Syrian city of Aleppo, on Feb. 14, 2013. (Elias Edouard / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  119. A man carries a child in his arms in the Ansari neighborhood of Aleppo, Syria, Feb. 3, 2013, after an airstrike. The Britain-based activist group Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, which opposes the regime, said government troops bombarded a building in Ansari that killed over 10 people, including at least five children. (Thomas Rassloff / EPA) Back to slideshow navigation
  120. A Free Syrian Army fighter throws a hand grenade inside a Syrian Army base during heavy fighting in the Arabeen neighborhood of Damascus on Feb. 3, 2013. (Goran Tomasevic / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  121. A general view of damaged buildings in Jouret al-Shayah, Homs, Syria, on Feb. 2, 2013. (Yazan Homsy / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  122. A Syrian man carries a newborn baby in the Zaatari refugee camp in Jordan on Jan. 31, 2013. Record numbers of refugees are fleeing the violence and bombings in Syria to cross the borders to safety in northern Jordan and overwhelming the Zaatari camp. (Jeff J. Mitchell / Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  123. Free Syrian Army fighters run for cover as a tank shell explodes on a wall during heavy fighting in the Ain Tarma neighborhood of Damascus on Jan. 30, 2013. (Goran Tomasevic / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
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    Locals gather at the banks of a small canal coming from a government-controlled suburb of Aleppo, Syria, to view dozens of bodies on Jan. 29, 2013. At least 65 people were found shot dead with their hands bound in the northern Syrian city of Aleppo on Jan. 29 in a "new massacre" in the near two-year revolt against President Bashar al-Assad, activists said. Opposition campaigners blamed the government but it was impossible to confirm who was responsible. (Thomas Rassloff / EPA) Back to slideshow navigation
  125. A sniper with the Free Syrian Army fires from inside a house in Mleha, a suburb of Damascus, on Jan. 22, 2013. (Goran Tomasevic / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  126. Men ride on a motorcycle loaded with firewood in Aleppo on Jan. 22, 2013. (Muzaffar Salman / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  127. A Free Syrian Army fighter walks between buildings damaged by government air strikes in Haresta, a neighborhood of Damascus, Jan. 19, 2013. (Goran Tomasevic / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  128. Youssef, a member of the Free Syrian Army, holds his wife as his comrades fire their weapons to celebrate his wedding after the ceremony in Aleppo on Jan. 17, 2013. (Muzaffar Salman / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  129. A Syrian rebel carrying food supplies walks in front of a damaged helicopter at Taftanaz air base after it was captured by rebels in Idlib province, northern Syria, Friday Jan. 11, in this image provided by Edlib News Network, ENN, which has been authenticated based on its contents and other AP reporting. Islamic militants seeking to topple President Bashar Assad took full control of a strategic northwestern air base in a significant blow to government forces, seizing helicopters, tanks and multiple rocket launchers, activists said. (Ebid News Network via AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  130. A street vendor sells cotton candy in Aleppo, Syria, on Jan. 15. (Muzaffar Salman / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  131. Snow falls over damaged buildings in Homs, Syria, on Jan. 9. Fierce winter weather has worsened the plight of war-weary Syrians and refugees fleeing the conflict. (Yazan Homsy / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  132. A boy climbs a tree at a public park to cut branches to use as firewood in Aleppo on Jan. 1, 2013. (Muzaffar Salman / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  133. A girl looks up at the sky after hearing the sound of shelling at a school playground in Aleppo on Jan. 1, 2013. (Muzaffar Salman / Reuters) Back to slideshow navigation
  1. Editor's note:
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  1. Image: A Free Syrian Army fighter takes up position inside a room in Aleppo
    Mahmoud Hebbo / Reuters
    Above: Slideshow (133) Syria uprising - 2013
  2. Image: A Free Syrian Army fighter pulls a boy off the street as a sniper fires during fighting with forces loyal to Syrian President Bashar el-Assad in Aleppo city
    Ahmed Jadallah / Reuters
    Slideshow (103) Syria uprising - 2012
  3. Ghazi Balkiz / NBC News
    Slideshow (22) Behind Syrian rebel lines
  4. Image:
    Ghazi Balkiz / NBC News
    Slideshow (15) The lives of Syrian rebels

Video: Assad calls current civil war a 'cleansing'

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