Image: Curiosity rover's tracks on Mars through Jan. 2, 2013.
NASA/JPL/University of Arizona
This image, taken by the HiRise camera aboard NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, shows the Curiosity rover's tracks on the Red Planet through Jan. 2, 2013. Curiosity's landing site is the dark smudge at left; the rover is visible as a bright speck amid the light-colored terrain toward the right of the image.
By
updated 1/17/2013 9:30:08 PM ET 2013-01-18T02:30:08

The Red Planet ramblings of NASA's Mars rover Curiosity are clearly visible in a new image snapped by a sharp-eyed spacecraft.

The rover photo, taken on Jan. 2 by the HiRise camera aboard NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, shows the ground Curiosity has covered since landing inside the Red Planet's huge Gale Crater in August 2012.

Curiosity's touchdown site, dubbed "Bradbury Landing" in honor of the late sci-fi author Ray Bradbury, appears at the left of the photo as a dark smudge — a scar left by the rocket-powered sky crane that lowered the 1-ton rover to the Martian surface on cables in a daring and unprecedented maneuver.

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The photo shows Curiosity's meandering path toward its current location, a shallow depression known as Yellowknife Bay. The six-wheeled robot — which has put about 2,300 feet (700 meters) on its odometer during its first five months on Mars — is visible as a bright speck toward the image's right, researchers said. [Latest Mars Photos from the Curiosity Rover]

"The tracks are not seen where the rover has recently driven over the lighter-toned surface, which may be more indurated than the darker soil," HiRise principal investigator Alfred McEwen, of the University of Arizona, wrote in a description accompanying the new image.

Curiosity's primary mission is to determine if the Gale Crater area has ever been capable of supporting microbial life. The rover carries 17 cameras and 10 different science instruments to aid this quest.

Curiosity has already rolled through an ancient streambed where ankle-deep water flowed in the distant past, and it has spotted many other signs of long-ago exposure to liquid water in the Yellowknife Bay area.

The mission team is currently gearing up to use Curiosity's drill for the first time. In the next two weeks or so, they plan to bore into a rock in a Yellowknife Bay outcrop called "John Klein." Curiosity's drill will allow scientists to peer 1 inch (2.5 centimeters) into rock, deeper than any Mars rover has gone before.

While Curiosity has found plenty of interesting deposits close to its landing site, the robot's ultimate destination is the base of Mount Sharp, the mysterious 3.4-mile-high (5.5 kilometers) mountain that rises from Gale Crater's center.

The many layers of Mount Sharp preserve a record of Mars' changing environmental conditions over time, and Curiosity scientists hope to read this history as the rover climbs up through the mound's foothills.

Curiosity will likely head toward the targeted Mount Sharp deposits, which are located about 6 miles (10 km) away, after the rover wraps up its drilling operations in Yellowknife Bay, mission scientists have said.

Follow SPACE.com senior writer Mike Wall on Twitter @michaeldwall or SPACE.com @Spacedotcom. We're also on Facebook and Google+.

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Photos: Month in Space: January 2014

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  1. Southern stargazing

    Stars, galaxies and nebulas dot the skies over the European Southern Observatory's La Silla Paranal Observatory in Chile, in a picture released on Jan. 7. This image also shows three of the four movable units that feed light into the Very Large Telescope Interferometer, the world's most advanced optical instrument. Combining to form one larger telescope, they are greater than the sum of their parts: They reveal details that would otherwise be visible only through a telescope as large as the distance between them. (Y. Beletsky / ESO) Back to slideshow navigation
  2. A balloon's view

    Cameras captured the Grandville High School RoboDawgs' balloon floating through Earth's upper atmosphere during its ascent on Dec. 28, 2013. The Grandville RoboDawgs’ first winter balloon launch reached an estimated altitude of 130,000 feet, or about 25 miles, according to coaches Mike Evele and Doug Hepfer. It skyrocketed past the team’s previous 100,000-feet record set in June. The RoboDawgs started with just one robotics team in 1998, but they've grown to support more than 30 teams at public schools in Grandville, Mich. (Kyle Moroney / AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  3. Spacemen at work

    Russian cosmonauts Oleg Kotov, right, and Sergey Ryazanskiy perform maintenance on the International Space Station on Jan. 27. During the six-hour, eight-minute spacewalk, Kotov and Ryazanskiy completed the installation of a pair of high-fidelity cameras that experienced connectivity issues during a Dec. 27 spacewalk. The cosmonauts also retrieved scientific gear outside the station's Russian segment. (NASA) Back to slideshow navigation
  4. Special delivery

    The International Space Station's Canadian-built robotic arm moves toward Orbital Sciences Corp.'s Cygnus autonomous cargo craft as it approaches the station for a Jan. 12 delivery. The mountains below are the southwestern Alps. (NASA) Back to slideshow navigation
  5. Accidental art

    A piece of art? A time-lapse photo? A flickering light show? At first glance, this image looks nothing like the images we're used to seeing from the Hubble Space Telescope. But it's a genuine Hubble frame that was released on Jan. 27. Hubble's team suspects that the telescope's Fine Guidance System locked onto a bad guide star, potentially a double star or binary. This caused an error in the tracking system, resulting in a remarkable picture of brightly colored stellar streaks. The prominent red streaks are from stars in the globular cluster NGC 288. (NASA / ESA) Back to slideshow navigation
  6. Supersonic test flight

    A camera looking back over Virgin Galactic's SpaceShipTwo's fuselage shows the rocket burn with a Mojave Desert vista in the background during a test flight of the rocket plane on Jan. 10. Cameras were mounted on the exterior of SpaceShipTwo as well as its carrier airplane, WhiteKnightTwo, to monitor the rocket engine's performance. The test was aimed at setting the stage for honest-to-goodness flights into outer space later this year, and eventual commercial space tours.

    More about SpaceShipTwo on PhotoBlog (Virgin Galactic) Back to slideshow navigation
  7. Red lagoon

    The VLT Survey Telescope at the European Southern Observatory's Paranal Observatory in Chile captured this richly detailed new image of the Lagoon Nebula, released on Jan. 22. This giant cloud of gas and dust is creating intensely bright young stars, and is home to young stellar clusters. This image is a tiny part of just one of 11 public surveys of the sky now in progress using ESO telescopes. (ESO/VPHAS team) Back to slideshow navigation
  8. Fire on the mountain

    This image provided by NASA shows a satellite view of smoke from the Colby Fire, taken by the Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer aboard NASA's Terra spacecraft as it passed over Southern California on Jan. 16. The fire burned more than 1,863 acres and forced the evacuation of 3,700 people. (NASA via AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  9. Where stars are born

    An image captured by NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope shows the Orion Nebula, an immense stellar nursery some 1,500 light-years away. This false-color infrared view, released on Jan. 15, spans about 40 light-years across the region. The brightest portion of the nebula is centered on Orion's young, massive, hot stars, known as the Trapezium Cluster. But Spitzer also can detect stars still in the process of formation, seen here in red hues. (NASA / JPL-Caltech) Back to slideshow navigation
  10. Cygnus takes flight

    Orbital Sciences Corp.'s Antares rocket rises from NASA's Wallops Flight Facility on Wallops Island, Va, on Jan. 9. The rocket sent Orbital's Cygnus cargo capsule on its first official resupply mission to the International Space Station. (Chris Perry / NASA) Back to slideshow navigation
  11. A long, long time ago...

    This long-exposure picture from the Hubble Space Telescope, released Jan. 8, is the deepest image ever made of any cluster of galaxies. The cluster known as Abell 2744 appears in the foreground. It contains several hundred galaxies as they looked 3.5 billion years ago. Abell 2744 acts as a gravitational lens to warp space, brightening and magnifying images of nearly 3,000 distant background galaxies. The more distant galaxies appear as they did more than 12 billion years ago, not long after the Big Bang. (NASA / NASA via AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  12. Frosty halo

    Sun dogs are bright spots that appear in the sky around the sun when light is refracted through ice crystals in the atmosphere. These sun dogs appeared on Jan. 5 amid brutally cold temperatures along Highway 83, north of Bismarck, N.D. The temperature was about 22 degrees below zero Fahrenheit, with a 50-below-zero wind chill.

    Slideshow: The Year in Space (Brian Peterson / The Bismarck Tribune via AP) Back to slideshow navigation
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