A poster advertising for the search of Boko Haram leader Abubakar Shekau is pasted on a wall in Baga
© Tim Cocks / Reuters
A poster advertising for the search of Boko Haram leader Abubakar Shekau is pasted on a wall in Baga village on the outskirts of Maiduguri, in the north-eastern state of Borno May 13, 2013. REUTERS/Tim Cocks
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updated 11/13/2013 2:25:58 PM ET 2013-11-13T19:25:58

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The United States formally designated the Nigerian Islamist militant groups Boko Haram and Ansaru as foreign terrorist organizations on Wednesday, making it a crime to provide them with material support.

The White House directed U.S. agencies to block financial transactions with the two groups, which it blamed for thousands of deaths in northeast and central Nigeria, including attacks on churches and mosques and a 2011 suicide bombing of the United Nations building in Abuja.

"By cutting these terrorist organizations off from U.S. financial institutions and enabling banks to freeze assets held in the United States, these designations demonstrate our strong support for Nigeria's fight against terrorism and its efforts to address security challenges in the north," Lisa Monaco, President Barack Obama's top homeland security and counterterrorism adviser, said in a statement.

Boko Haram and other splinter Islamist groups are seen as the biggest security threat in Nigeria, Africa's most populous country and top oil exporter.

U.S. lawmakers have been pushing for the group to be formally designated a foreign terrorist organization.

"What these murderers have brought to Nigeria and surrounding countries is misery and death with no redeeming outcome," said U.S. Representative Chris Smith, who chaired a congressional hearing on Boko Haram on Wednesday and visited Nigeria in September.

U.S. officials said instability in Nigeria was of direct concern to the United States. Violence also discourages investment, and has spread to Nigeria's neighbors.

"These groups attack the Nigerian government, they attack the military, they attack ordinary Nigerians of all walks of life," said U.S. Assistant Secretary of State Linda Thomas-Greenfield told the hearing.

U.S. officials said also noted reports that Nigerian security forces have violated human rights standards while fighting Boko Haram.

A senior administration official said it was not immediately clear what assets Boko Haram and Ansaru held, and that the U.S. Treasury needed the official designation in place before it could determine their holdings.

The official told reporters on a conference call that Washington had worked with the Nigerian government in making the designation.

(Reporting by Jeff Mason and Steve Holland; Editing by David Brunnstrom)

(c) Copyright Thomson Reuters 2013. Check for restrictions at: http://about.reuters.com/fulllegal.asp

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