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updated 1/13/2014 1:47:35 PM ET 2014-01-13T18:47:35

Whether you are climbing Mount Everest or the corporate ladder, the requirements for being a successful leader are strikingly similar. Trust me, I know.

As a high-altitude mountaineer and polar explorer, I headed the first American Women's Everest Expedition, climbed the highest peak on every continent and skied to both the North and South Poles. And this was after spending two decades in the business world, a feat in and of itself. I've learned in both environments that there's no better training ground for leaders than high-stakes setting that push you beyond their limits.

Here are three takeaways from my new book On the Edge: The Art of High-Impact Leadership  that'll help you scale whatever big peaks you aspire to climb:

Learn the art of improvisation. Improv skills can be just as important or more important than the ability to execute a plan.

On a mountain, weather and route conditions determine how you proceed, so rarely will you be able to stick to a particular plan.

In business, plans are outdated as soon as they're finished because of the breakneck pace of technology and rampant disruption. So sometimes you have to toss out well laid-out plans and take action based on the situation at the time.

Both situations require the ability to act and react quickly and make tough decisions when the conditions around you are far from perfect, because complacency will kill you.

Related: Why Introverts and Comedians Make Great Leaders

Practice sleep deprivation. Sounds more like torture, than a tip. But on expeditions, it's not unusual for climbers to have to push themselves for 20 or more hours with no sleep.

In business, the same scenario could arise, as there will be occasions where you need to pull an all-nighter to finish a project time. If not prepared, both situations could cause a lot of anxiety.

People should practice sleep deprivation, so that when they have to do it, they know what it feels like and aren't anxious about it. You will then know you can perform on minimal or zero sleep if you're used to doing it.

Embrace assholes. When it comes to personalities, we aren't as quick to embrace people who aren't like us and don't behave like we do. Some people are just assholes. But if they are exceptional performers, we need to try to embrace them.

Related: Leadership Lessons from Young Female Entrepreneurs

Copyright © 2013 Entrepreneur.com, Inc.

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