Bureau of Engraving and Printing
The newly redesigned Series 2004 $50 notes, features subtle background colors, images of a waving American flag and a small metallic silver-blue star.
updated 10/1/2004 10:10:20 AM ET 2004-10-01T14:10:20

The U.S. government will offer over the Internet low-quality images of its new $50 bill for artists, students and others who discover that their computers, scanners or printers won't allow them to view or copy pictures of the new currency.

Uncle Sam is making sure that computers won't cooperate with would-be counterfeiters — even as it tries to accommodate consumers who legitimately want or need images of the currency.

The government said it also will consider individual requests for higher-quality images — such as might be used in commercial art projects.

The low-quality images, suitable for school projects and other uses, will be available free at www.moneyfactory.com, a Web site run by the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.  The new $50 bill was introduced this week.

"There is no limit on the ways that people may use images of currency.  What we don't want is people whipping currency out of their pockets and making copies," said Eugenie Foster, cash project leader in the Federal Reserve Board's division of reserve bank operations and payment systems.

Making these digital copies is getting harder, thanks to secretive anti-counterfeiting technology built into some popular consumer hardware and software products at the request of government regulators and international bankers.

The technology detects and blocks attempts to view, scan or print copies of the redesigned $20 and $50 bills and, in a pop-up window, urges consumers to visit a Web site, www.rulesforuse.org, to learn about international counterfeit laws.

The technology, known as the Counterfeit Deterrence System, was designed by a consortium of 27 central banks in the United States, England, Japan, Canada and across the European Union, the Central Bank Counterfeit Deterrence Group.

Its broad adoption represents one of the rare occasions when the U.S. technology industry has quietly agreed to requests by government and finance officials to include third-party software code in commercial products.  Most companies have never publicly revealed to customers they include such counterfeit protections in products.

Top-secret tech
Precisely how the technology works is a mystery.  The U.S. government keeps its inner workings a closely guarded secret, arguing that disclosing too much information could help counterfeiters circumvent protections.

It also has declined to identify which companies have agreed to add the technology in their products, although Kodak, Xerox, Adobe Systems, Ulead Systems and Hewlett-Packard are among those known to use it. T he European Union is considering a proposal to require all software companies to include such anti-counterfeit technology.

"We are very pleased with the amount of cooperation we've gotten," said Foster, who serves as U.S. representative to the international anti-counterfeit group.  "Most (companies) have recognized that counterfeit currency is a threat to their customers and the public."

The Federal Reserve earlier this year denied a request and an appeal by The Associated Press under the U.S. Freedom of Information Act to learn some details about the system.  The AP, which first revealed the program's existence in January, sought to learn whether the technology surreptitiously tracks consumers who try to copy bills, which U.S. agencies and private vendors built it, and how much it cost.

The reserve's board of governors told the AP it located a stack of papers 52 inches tall about the mysterious technology but agreed to release only 14 pages.  It said the other documents represented trade secrets, internal letters or law enforcement procedures that couldn't be disclosed under the information act.

One document obtained by the AP, a 1998 U.S. government business solicitation, mandated that "any color printer must include a tracing system that encodes system identification in any output.  This will tie the output to the originating equipment so that forensic identification of the equipment is possible in the event of illegal printing of currency images due to failure or circumvention of the recognition system(s)...."

Other papers turned over to the AP said the anti-counterfeit technology "does not have the capacity to track the use of a personal computer or digital imaging tool."

Foster also said the technology doesn't trace attempts to copy bills.

"The only thing this system does is prevent someone from making a copy of a currency note," she said.  "It does not trace or report back any information about the individual."

Foster said the counterfeit protections built into consumer products recognize only the newly redesigned $20 and $50 bills, but upcoming changes to other currencies also will be expected to trigger the system.

Copyright 2004 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.


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