updated 2/1/2005 12:26:36 AM ET 2005-02-01T05:26:36

Today is Tuesday, Feb. 1, the 32nd day of 2005. There are 333 days left in the year.

Today’s highlight in history:
On Feb. 1, 2003, the space shuttle Columbia broke up during re-entry, killing all seven of its crew members: commander Rick Husband; pilot William McCool; payload commander Michael Anderson; engineer Kalpana Chawla; David Brown; Laurel Clark; and Ilan Ramon, the first Israeli in space.

On this date:
In 1861, Texas voted to secede from the Union.

In 1893, inventor Thomas A. Edison completed work on the world’s first motion picture studio, his “Black Maria,” in West Orange, N.J.

In 1920, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police came into existence.

In 1943, one of America’s most highly decorated military units of World War II, the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, made up almost entirely of Japanese-Americans, was authorized.

In 1946, Norwegian statesman Trygve Lie was chosen to be the first secretary-general of the United Nations.

In 1960, four black college students began a sit-in protest at a lunch counter in Greensboro, N.C., where they’d been refused service.

In 1968, during the Vietnam War, Saigon’s police chief (Nguyen Ngoc Loan) executed a Viet Cong officer with a pistol shot to the head in a scene captured in a famous news photograph.

In 1979, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini received a tumultuous welcome in Tehran as he ended nearly 15 years of exile.

In 1979, newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst, whose prison sentence for bank robbery had been commuted by President Carter, left a federal prison near San Francisco.

In 1991, 35 people were killed when a USAir jetliner crashed atop a commuter plane on a runway at Los Angeles International Airport.

Ten years ago: The Federal Reserve boosted interest rates by half a percentage point, the seventh rate hike in a year. House Republicans pushed through a bill restricting the federal government’s ability to impose unfunded mandates on states.

Five years ago: Sen. John McCain defeated Texas Gov. George W. Bush to win the Republican New Hampshire primary; Vice President Al Gore edged Bill Bradley to win the Democratic primary.

One year ago: Twin suicide bombers killed 109 people at two Kurdish party offices in Irbil, Iraq. A stampede during the annual Muslim pilgrimage in Mina, Saudi Arabia, killed at least 251 worshippers. The New England Patriots won their second Super Bowl in three seasons with a 32-29 victory over the Carolina Panthers; during the halftime show, Janet Jackson’s breast became exposed, resulting in a $550,000 fine against CBS’ parent company, Viacom, which is appealing the penalty. Roger Federer beat Marat Safin 7-6 (3), 6-4, 6-2 to win the Australian Open.

Today’s birthdays: Actor Stuart Whitman is 77. Former Russian President Boris N. Yeltsin is 74. Singer Don Everly is 68. Actor Garrett Morris is 68. Singer Ray Sawyer (Dr. Hook and the Medicine Show) is 68. Actor Sherman Helmsley is 67. Bluegrass singer Del McCoury is 66. Jazz musician Joe Sample is 66. Comedian Terry Jones is 63. Actor-writer-producer Bill Mumy is 51. Rock musician Mike Campbell (Tom Petty & the Heartbreakers) is 51. Rock singer Exene Cervenka is 49. Princess Stephanie of Monaco is 40. Country musician Dwayne Dupuy (Ricochet) is 40. Actress Sherilyn Fenn is 40. Lisa Marie Presley is 37. Comedian and actor Pauly Shore is 37. Jazz musician Joshua Redman is 36. Rock musician Patrick Wilson (Weezer) is 36. Rock musician Ron Welty is 34. Rapper Big Boi (Outkast) is 30. Country singer Julie Roberts is 26. Actor Jarrett Lennon is 23.

Thought for today: “Marriage always demands the finest arts of insincerity possible between two human beings.” — Vicki Baum, Austrian-born author (1888-1960).

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