Today is Friday, Feb. 4, the 35th day of 2005. There are 330 days left in the year.
Today’s highlight in history:
On Feb. 4, 1945, President Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Josef Stalin began a wartime conference at Yalta.
On this date:
In 1783, Britain declared a formal cessation of hostilities with its former colonies, the United States of America.
In 1789, electors unanimously chose George Washington to be the first president of the United States.
In 1801, John Marshall was sworn in as chief justice of the United States.
In 1861, delegates from six southern states met in Montgomery, Ala., to form the Confederate States of America.
In 1932, New York Gov. Franklin D. Roosevelt opened the Winter Olympic Games at Lake Placid.
In 1941, the United Service Organizations (USO) came into existence.
In 1974, newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst was kidnapped in Berkeley, Calif., by the Symbionese Liberation Army.
In 1976, more than 22,000 people died when a severe earthquake struck Guatemala and Honduras.
In 1983, singer Karen Carpenter died in Downey, Calif., at age 32.
In 1997, a civil jury in Santa Monica, Calif., found O.J. Simpson liable for the deaths of his ex-wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and her friend Ronald Goldman.
Ten years ago: A standoff between the United States and China escalated into a trade war, with each country ordering stiff tariffs against the other.
Five years ago: Austrian President Thomas Klestil swore in a coalition government that included Joerg Haider’s far-right Freedom Party, a development which triggered European Union sanctions. Former House Speaker Carl Albert died in McAlester, Okla., at age 91. Singer Doris Kenner-Jackson of the Shirelles died in Goldsboro, N.C., at age 58.
One year ago: The Massachusetts high court declared that gays were entitled to nothing less than marriage and that Vermont-style civil unions would not suffice. A Senate rattled by a ricin attack began returning to regular business with no illnesses reported.
Today’s birthdays: Civil rights pioneer Rosa Parks is 92. Feminist author Betty Friedan is 84. Actor William Phipps is 83. Actor Conrad Bain is 82. Actor Gary Conway is 69. Movie director George A. Romero is 65. Rock musician John Steel (The Animals) is 64. Singer Florence LaRue (The 5th Dimension) is 61. Comedian David Brenner is 60. Former Vice President Dan Quayle is 58. Rock singer Alice Cooper is 57. Actor Michael Beck is 56. Actress Pamela Franklin is 55. Actress Lisa Eichhorn is 53. Rock singer Tim Booth is 45. Rock musician Henry Bogdan (Helmet) is 44. Country singer Clint Black is 43. Country musician Dave Buchanan (Yankee Grey) is 39. Actress Gabrielle Anwar is 35. Singer David Garza is 34. Actor Michael Goorjian is 34. Rock musician Rick Burch (Jimmy Eat World) is 30. Singer Natalie Imbruglia is 30. Rapper Cam’ron is 29. Rock singer Gavin DeGraw is 28.
Thought for today: “La vida es duda, y la fe sin la duda es solo muerte.” (Life is doubt, and faith without doubt is nothing but death.) — Miguel de Unamuno, Spanish philosopher (1864-1936).