updated 3/14/2005 6:18:49 PM ET 2005-03-14T23:18:49

Today is Monday, March 14th, the 73rd day of 2005. There are 292 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:
On March 14th, 1743, the first recorded town meeting in America was held, at Faneuil Hall in Boston.

On this date:
In 1794, Eli Whitney received a patent for his cotton gin, an invention that revolutionized America’s cotton industry.

In 1900, Congress ratified the Gold Standard Act.

In 1923, President Harding became the first chief executive to file an income tax report.

In 1939, the republic of Czechoslovakia was dissolved, opening the way for Nazi occupation.

In 1943, Aaron Copland’s orchestral work “Fanfare for the Common Man” premiered in New York, with George Szell conducting.

In 1951, during the Korean War, United Nations forces recaptured Seoul.

In 1964, a jury in Dallas found Jack Ruby guilty of murdering Lee Harvey Oswald, the accused assassin of President Kennedy, the previous November.

In 1965, Israel’s cabinet formally approved establishment of diplomatic relations with West Germany.

In 1980, a Polish airliner crashed while making an emergency landing near Warsaw, killing all 87 people aboard, including 22 members of a U.S. amateur boxing team.

In 1991, a British court reversed the convictions of the “Birmingham Six,” who had spent 16 years in prison for an Irish Republican Army bombing, and ordered them released.

Ten years ago: American astronaut Norman Thagard became the first American to enter space aboard a Russian rocket as he and two cosmonauts blasted off aboard a “Soyuz” spacecraft, headed for the “Mir” space station.

Five years ago: Republican George W. Bush and Democrat Al Gore clinched their presidential nominations in a sweep of Southern primaries. Defending champion Doug Swingley drove his dog team to victory in the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race.

One year ago: Opposition Socialists scored a dramatic upset win in Spain’s general election, unseating conservatives stung by charges they’d provoked the Madrid terror bombings by supporting the U.S.-led war in Iraq. Russian President Vladimir Putin won a second term. Two Palestinian suicide bombers killed eleven Israelis in the port of Ashdod.

Today’s Birthdays: Former astronaut Frank Borman is 77. Singer Phil Phillips is 74. Actor Michael Caine is 72. Composer-conductor Quincy Jones is 72. Former astronaut Eugene Cernan is 71. Movie director Wolfgang Petersen is 64. Country singer Michael Martin Murphey is 60. Rock musician Walt Parazaider (Chicago) is 60. Actor Steve Kanaly is 59. Comedian Billy Crystal is 57. Country singer Jann Browne is 51. Actor Adrian Zmed is 51. Prince Albert of Monaco is 47. Actress Tamara Tunie is 46. Actress Penny Johnson Jerald is 44. Producer-director-writer Kevin Williamson is 40. Actress Megan Follows is 37. Actress Elise Neal is 35. Rock musician Derrick (Jimmie’s Chicken Shack) is 33. Actor Jake Fogelnest is 26. Actor Chris Klein is 26. Actress Kate Maberly is 23. Singer-musician Taylor Hanson (Hanson) is 22.

Thought for Today: “The man who does his work, any work, conscientiously, must always be in one sense a great man.” — Dinah Maria Mulock Craik, English novelist (1826-1887).

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