updated 4/19/2005 12:02:36 AM ET 2005-04-19T04:02:36

Today is Tuesday, April 19, the 109th day of 2005. There are 256 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:
On April 19, 1775, the American Revolutionary War began with the battles of Lexington and Concord.

On this date:
In 1782, the Netherlands recognized American independence.

In 1893, the Oscar Wilde play “A Woman of No Importance” opened at the Haymarket Theatre in London.

In 1933, the United States went off the gold standard.

In 1943, during World War II, tens of thousands of Jews living in the Warsaw Ghetto began a valiant but futile battle against Nazi forces.

In 1945, the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical “Carousel” opened on Broadway.

In 1951, Gen. Douglas MacArthur, relieved of his Far East command by President Truman, bid farewell to Congress, quoting a line from a ballad: “Old soldiers never die; they just fade away.”

In 1975, India announced it had launched its first satellite, from the Soviet Union atop a Soviet rocket.

In 1982, astronauts Sally K. Ride and Guion S. Bluford Jr. became the first woman and first African-American to be tapped for U.S. space missions.

In 1989, 47 sailors were killed when a gun turret exploded aboard the USS Iowa.

In 1993, the 51-day siege at the Branch Davidian compound near Waco, Texas, ended as fire destroyed the structure after federal agents began smashing their way in; dozens of people, including David Koresh, were killed.

Ten years ago: A truck bomb destroyed the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, Okla., killing 168 people and injuring hundreds. Timothy McVeigh was later convicted of federal murder charges and executed.

Five years ago: President Clinton knelt among 168 empty chairs memorializing each victim of the Oklahoma City bombing and declared the site “sacred ground” in the soul of America during a fifth-anniversary dedication ceremony. The worst air crash in Philippine history killed 131 people aboard an Air Philippines Boeing 737-200.

One year ago: A Russian rocket roared into space carrying an American, a Russian and a Dutchman to the international space station on the third manned mission since the halt of the U.S. shuttle program. Catherine Ndereba won the Boston Marathon for the third time, finishing in 2:24 minutes and 27 seconds; Timothy Cherigat won the men’s race in 2:10 minutes, 37 seconds to complete a Kenyan sweep. McDonald’s Corp. chairman and CEO Jim Cantalupo died in Orlando, Fla., at age 60.

Today’s Birthdays: Actor Hugh O’Brian is 80. Actress Elinor Donahue is 68. Actor Tim Curry is 59. Pop singer Mark “Flo” Volman (The Turtles; Flo and Eddie) is 58. Tennis player Sue Barker is 49. Recording executive Suge Knight is 40. Singer-songwriter Dar Williams is 38. Actress Ashley Judd is 37. Singer Bekka Bramlett is 37. Latin pop singer Luis Miguel is 35. Actor James Franco is 27. Actress Kate Hudson is 26. Actor Hayden Christensen is 24. Actress Catalina Sandino Moreno is 24. Actor Courtland Mead is 18.

Thought for Today: “There is a Law that man should love his neighbor as himself. In a few hundred years it should be as natural to mankind as breathing or the upright gait; but if he does not learn it he must perish.” — Alfred Adler, Austrian psychoanalyst (1870-1937).

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