updated 4/28/2005 12:03:13 AM ET 2005-04-28T04:03:13

Today is Thursday, April 28, the 118th day of 2005. There are 247 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:
On April 28, 1945, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini and his mistress, Clara Petacci, were executed by Italian partisans as they attempted to flee the country.

On this date:
In 1758, the fifth president of the United States, James Monroe, was born in Westmoreland County, Va.

In 1788, Maryland became the seventh state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.

In 1789, there was a mutiny on HMS Bounty as the crew of the British ship set Capt. William Bligh and 18 sailors adrift in a launch in the South Pacific.

In 1947, a six-man expedition sailed from Peru aboard a balsa wood raft named the “Kon-Tiki” on a 101-day journey to Polynesia.

In 1952, war with Japan officially ended as a treaty that had been signed by the United States and 47 other nations took effect.

In 1958, Vice President Nixon and his wife, Pat, began a goodwill tour of Latin America that was marred by hostile mobs in Lima, Peru, and Caracas, Venezuela.

In 1967, heavyweight boxing champion Muhammad Ali refused to be inducted into the Army, the same day Gen. William C. Westmoreland told Congress the U.S. “would prevail in Vietnam.”

In 1974, a federal jury in New York acquitted former Attorney General John Mitchell and former Commerce Secretary Maurice H. Stans of charges in connection with a secret $200,000 contribution to President Nixon’s re-election campaign from financier Robert Vesco.

In 1980, President Carter accepted the resignation of Secretary of State Cyrus Vance, who had opposed the failed rescue mission aimed at freeing American hostages in Iran.

In 1988, a flight attendant was killed and 61 persons injured when part of the roof of an Aloha Airlines Boeing 737 peeled back during a flight from Hilo to Honolulu.

Ten years ago: In Taegu, South Korea, a gas line exploded in the middle of an intersection crowded with morning traffic, killing 101 people.

Five years ago: Five people, targeted because of their race or ethnicity, were killed in a shooting rampage in suburban Pittsburgh; a suspect, Richard Baumhammers, was arrested. (He was later convicted and sentenced to death.)

One year ago: First photos of the Abu Ghraib prisoner abuse scandal were shown on CBS’ “60 Minutes II.” A Spanish judge indicted Amer Azizi, a Moroccan fugitive, on charges of helping to plan the Sept. 11 hijackings. The U.N. Security Council put terrorists, black marketeers and crooked scientists on notice that they faced punishment for trafficking in weapons of mass destruction. Cable giant Comcast Corp. dropped its two-month-old unsolicited bid for The Walt Disney Co.

Today’s Birthdays: Author Harper Lee is 79. Former Secretary of State James A. Baker III is 75. The former president of Iraq, Saddam Hussein, is 68. Actress-singer Ann-Margret is 64. Actress Marcia Strassman is 57. Actor Paul Guilfoyle (“CSI”) is 56. Actor Bruno Kirby is 56. “Tonight Show” host Jay Leno is 55. Actress Mary McDonnell is 52. Rock singer-musician Kim Gordon (Sonic Youth) is 52. Rapper Too Short is 39. Actress Simbi Khali is 34. Actor Chris Young is 34. Rapper Big Gipp is 32. Actress Elisabeth Rohm is 32. Actress Penelope Cruz is 31. Actor Nate Richert is 27. Actress Jessica Alba is 24. Actress Aleisha Allen is 14.

Thought for Today: “The world does not require so much to be informed as reminded.” — Hannah More, English religious writer (1745-1833).

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