updated 6/23/2005 12:09:55 AM ET 2005-06-23T04:09:55

Today is Thursday, June 23, the 174th day of 2005. There are 191 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:
On June 23, 1969, Warren E. Burger was sworn in as chief U.S. justice by the man he was succeeding, Earl Warren.

On this date:
In 1868, Christopher Latham Sholes received a patent for his “Type-Writer.”

In 1888, abolitionist Frederick Douglass received one vote from the Kentucky delegation at the Republican convention in Chicago, effectively making him the first black candidate nominated for U.S. president. (The nomination went to Benjamin Harrison.)

In 1892, the Democratic national convention in Chicago nominated former President Cleveland on the first ballot.

In 1931, aviators Wiley Post and Harold Gatty took off from New York on the first round-the-world flight in a single-engine plane.

In 1938, the Civil Aeronautics Authority was established.

In 1947, the Senate joined the House in overriding President Truman’s veto of the Taft-Hartley Act.

In 1956, Gamal Abdel Nasser was elected president of Egypt.

In 1967, President Johnson and Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin held the first of two meetings in Glassboro, N.J.

In 1972, President Nixon and White House chief of staff H.R. Haldeman discussed a plan to use the CIA to obstruct the FBI’s Watergate investigation. (Revelation of the tape recording of this conversation sparked Nixon’s resignation in 1974.)

In 1985, all 329 people aboard an Air-India Boeing 747 were killed when the plane crashed into the Atlantic Ocean near Ireland, apparently because of a bomb.

Ten years ago: Dr. Jonas Salk, the medical pioneer who developed the first vaccine to halt the crippling rampage of polio, died in La Jolla, Calif., at age 80.

Five years ago: Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, during a visit to South Korea, said American troops would remain in the country indefinitely to maintain strategic stability in the Pacific area.

One year ago: In a major retreat, the United States abandoned an attempt to win a new exemption for American troops from international prosecution for war crimes — an effort that had faced strong opposition because of the Iraqi prisoner abuse scandal.

Today’s Birthdays: Singer Diana Trask is 65. Musical conductor James Levine is 62. Rhythm-and-blues singer Rosetta Hightower (The Orlons) is 61. Actor Ted Shackelford is 59. Actor Bryan Brown is 58. Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas is 57. “American Idol” judge Randy Jackson is 49. Actress Frances McDormand is 48. Rock musician Steve Shelley (Sonic Youth) is 43. Actor Paul La Greca is 43. Singer Chico DeBarge is 35. Actress Selma Blair is 33. Rhythm-and-blues singer Virgo Williams (Ghostowns DJs) is 30. Singer-songwriter Jason Mraz is 28.

Thought for Today: “Suffering without understanding in this life is a heap worse than suffering when you have at least the grain of an idea what it’s all for.” — Mary Ellen Chase, American author (1887-1973).

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