updated 7/11/2005 12:02:35 AM ET 2005-07-11T04:02:35

Today is Monday, July 11, the 192nd day of 2005. There are 173 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:
Fifty years ago, on July 11, 1955, the U.S. Air Force Academy was dedicated at its temporary quarters, Lowry Air Force Base in Colorado.

On this date:
In 1533, Pope Clement VII excommunicated England’s King Henry VIII.

In 1767, John Quincy Adams, the sixth president of the United States, was born in Braintree, Mass.

In 1798, the U.S. Marine Corps was formally re-established by a congressional act that also created the U.S. Marine Band.

In 1804, Vice President Aaron Burr mortally wounded former Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton during a pistol duel in Weehawken, N.J.

In 1864, Confederate forces led by General Jubal Early began an abortive invasion of Washington, D.C., turning back the next day.

In 1934, President Roosevelt became the first chief executive to travel through the Panama Canal.

In 1977, the Medal of Freedom was awarded posthumously to the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.

In 1979, the abandoned U.S. space station Skylab made a spectacular return to Earth, burning up in the atmosphere and showering debris over the Indian Ocean and Australia.

In 1980, American hostage Richard I. Queen, freed by Iran after eight months of captivity because of poor health, left Tehran for Switzerland.

In 1985, Nolan Ryan of the Houston Astros became the first pitcher in Major League Baseball to strike out 4,000 batters as he fanned Danny Heep of the New York Mets.

Ten years ago: The U.N.-designated “safe haven” of Srebrenica fell to Bosnian Serb forces. The United States normalized relations with Vietnam.

Five years ago: A Middle East summit hosted by President Clinton opened at Camp David between Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat. The African Methodist Episcopal Church, the nation’s oldest black church, elected the Reverend Vashti McKenzie of Baltimore its first female bishop. Robert Runcie, the former archbishop of Canterbury, died in Hertfordshire, England, at age 78. The American League defeated the National League 6-3 in the All-Star Game.

One year ago: Japan’s largest opposition party experienced strong gains in upper house elections, while Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi and his Liberal Democratic Party-led ruling bloc held on to a majority. The International AIDS Conference opened in Bangkok, Thailand, with U.N. chief Kofi Annan challenging world leaders to do more to combat the raging global epidemic. Joe Gold, the founder of the original Gold’s Gym in 1965, died in Los Angeles at age 82.

Today’s Birthdays: Actor Tab Hunter is 74. Singer Jeff Hanna (Nitty Gritty Dirt Band) is 58. Actor Bruce McGill is 55. Singer Bonnie Pointer is 55. Actor Stephen Lang is 53. Actress Mindy Sterling is 52. Actress Sela Ward is 49. Reggae singer Michael Rose (Black Uhuru) is 48. Singer Peter Murphy is 48. Actor Mark Lester is 47. Jazz musician Kirk Whalum is 47. Singer Suzanne Vega is 46. Rock guitarist Richie Sambora (Bon Jovi) is 46. Rock musician Scott Shriner (Weezer) is 40. Actress Debbe Dunning is 39. Actor Michael Rosenbaum is 33. Country singer Scotty Emerick is 32. Rapper Lil’ Kim is 30. Rapper Lil’ Zane is 23. Pop-jazz singer-musician Peter Cincotti is 22.

Thought for Today: “There are philosophies which are unendurable not because men are cowards, but because they are men.” — Ludwig Lewisohn, German-born English author and artist (1882-1955).

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