updated 7/12/2005 12:00:34 AM ET 2005-07-12T04:00:34

Today is Tuesday, July 12, the 193rd day of 2005. There are 172 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:
On July 12, 1984, Democratic presidential candidate Walter F. Mondale announced he’d chosen U.S. Rep. Geraldine A. Ferraro of New York to be his running-mate; Ferraro was the first woman to run for vice president on a major-party ticket.

On this date:
In 100 B.C., Roman dictator Julius Caesar was born.

In 1543, England’s King Henry VIII married his sixth and last wife, Catherine Parr.

In 1690, Protestant forces led by William of Orange defeated the Roman Catholic army of James II at the Battle of the Boyne in Ireland.

In 1817, naturalist-author Henry David Thoreau was born in Concord, Mass.

In 1862, Congress authorized the Medal of Honor.

In 1948, the Democratic national convention opened in Philadelphia.

In 1972, George McGovern won the Democratic presidential nomination at the party’s convention in Miami Beach, Fla.

In 1977, President Carter defended Supreme Court decisions limiting government payments for poor women’s abortions, saying, “There are many things in life that are not fair.”

In 1985, doctors discovered what turned out to be a cancerous growth in President Reagan’s large intestine, prompting surgery the following day.

In 1993, 196 people were killed when an earthquake measuring a magnitude of 7.8 struck northern Japan.

Ten years ago: President Clinton spelled out school-prayer guidelines, asserting the First Amendment already guaranteed adequate freedom of religion.

Five years ago: In Philadelphia, a WPVI-TV news helicopter videotaped about a dozen police officers kicking and punching Thomas Jones, a wounded carjacking suspect. (Jones later pleaded guilty to carjacking and other crimes, and was sentenced to 18 to 36 years in prison; 13 police officers were later suspended for up to 15 days in connection with the incident.) New Hampshire Chief Justice David Brock was impeached by the Legislature, the first such action against an official in the state since 1790. (He was later acquitted in a state Senate trial.)

One year ago: President Bush defended the Iraq war during a visit to the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee, saying the invasion had made America safer. Wall Street brokerage Morgan Stanley settled a sex discrimination suit brought by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, agreeing to pay $54 million.

Today’s Birthdays: Artist Andrew Wyeth is 88. Movie director Monte Hellman is 73. Pianist Van Cliburn is 71. Comedian Bill Cosby is 68. Singer-musician Christine McVie is 62. Actress Denise Nicholas is 61. Singer-songwriter Butch Hancock is 60. Fitness guru Richard Simmons is 57. Actor Jay Thomas is 57. Singer Walter Egan is 57. Actress Cheryl Ladd is 54. Country singer Julie Miller is 49. Gospel singer Sandi Patty is 49. Actress Mel Harris is 48. Actor Buddy Foster is 48. Rock guitarist Dan Murphy (Soul Asylum) is 43. Rock singer Robin Wilson is 40. Actress Lisa Nicole Carson is 36. Olympic gold medal figure skater Kristi Yamaguchi is 34. Country singer Shannon Lawson is 32. Rapper Magoo is 32. Rhythm-and-blues singer Tracie Spencer is 29. Actor Topher Grace is 27. Actress Michelle Rodriguez is 27. Actor Erik Per Sullivan is 14.

Thought for Today: “Man is not made for society, but society is made for man. No institution can be good which does not tend to improve the individual.” — Margaret Fuller, American social reformer (1810-1850).

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